In 1805, Thomas Jefferson began his second presidential term. The First Barbary War ended. The British navy defeated a combined French and Spanish fleet in the Battle of Trafalgar. The Lewis and Clark Expedition arrived at the Pacific Ocean.
Notable births in 1805 included artist Samuel Palmer, writer Hans Christian Andersen, mathematician William Rowan Hamilton, and Latter Day Saint movement founder Joseph Smith, Jr. Notable deaths included philosopher William Paley, British general Charles Cornwallis, and British admiral Horatio Nelson.
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