- January 19: The first Alabama Territorial Legislature went into session at St Stephens.
- February 6: Tuscaloosa County was established.
- February 7: Blount, Cahawba and Shelby Counties were carved out of Montgomery County by the Alabama Territorial General Assembly.
- April 18: Ebenezer Hearn began preaching at Bear Meat Cabin and founded Bethlehem Methodist Church.
- November 20: St Clair County was established.
- Bear Meat Cabin Road was improved as a federal trade route.
- Canaan Baptist Church was founded.
- Daniel Davis moved to Alabama Territory.
- James Hamilton became Shelby County Sheriff.
- Hosea Holcombe came to Alabama Territory.
- William Reed built a log cabin home in what is now Roebuck.
- Ninian Tannehill settled in Roupes Valley.
- February 3(?): William C. Eubank, second/third white child born in Jefferson County
- February 6(?): Joseph Riley Smith, second/third white child born in Jefferson County and physician
- August 25: John Westbrook, entrepreneur
- Duncan McLaughlin, fourth white child born in Jefferson County
- Josiah Morris, co-founder of Birmingham
- Jesse Pearson
- Frank Pfaffenschlaeger, Civil War veteran and musician
- Thomas Rowan
In 1818, Mary Shelley's Frankenstein was published. Chile proclaimed its independence from Spain. Congress passed legislation specifying the flag of the United States have 13 red and white stripes and one star for each state. Brooks Brothers opened its first men's clothing store. The Treaty of 1818 between the U.S. and the United Kingdom establishes the northern boundary as the 49th parallel from the Lake of the Woods to the Rocky Mountains. Illinois was admitted as a state. The music for "Silent Night" was composed by Franz Xaver Gruber. The first Farmers' Almanac was published.
Notable births in 1818 included abolitionist Frederick Douglass, political philosopher Karl Marx, composer Charles Gounod, astronomer Angelo Secchi, novelist Emily Brontë, and physicist James Prescott Joule. Notable deaths included patriot Paul Revere and Emperor Egwale Seyon of Ethiopia.
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