- The Alabama Legislature held sessions at the Indian Queen Hotel in Tuscaloosa.
- Buck's Store was recognized as a post office.
- Roupes Valley Baptist Church was founded.
- The state extended the commission of Stouts Road south to Elyton.
- Tuscaloosa was chosen as the site for the University of Alabama.
- December 13: Blountsville was incorporated.
- Elisha Duvall succeeded Hawkins Burden as Walker County Sheriff.
- Baylis Grace was hired as an assistant to Harrison Goyne, circuit clerk at Elyton.
- James M. Nabors succeeded Ezekiel Henry as Shelby County Sheriff.
In 1827, Freedom's Journal, the first African-American owned and published newspaper in the United States, was founded in New York City by John Russwurm. Lord Liverpool was succeeded by George Canning as British Prime Minister, who died shortly thereafter and was succeeded by F. J. Robinson, 1st Viscount Goderich. J. J. Audubon began publishing Birds of America.
Notable births in 1827 included surgeon Joseph Lister, artist Jean-Baptiste Carpeaux, photographer Alberto Henschel, author Ellen G. White, and religious reformer Jain Acharya Rajendrasuri. Notable deaths included heir-presumptive to the British throne Prince Frederick, Duke of York and Albany; mathematician and astronomer Pierre-Simon Laplace; physicist Alessandro Volta; composer Ludwig van Beethoven; physicist Augustin-Jean Fresnel; and poet and painter William Blake.
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