1913

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1913 was the 42nd year after the founding of the city of Birmingham.

Events

Business

Education

Government

Religion

Sports

Individuals

Births

Awards

Graduations

Retirements

Deaths

Works

Buildings

Demolitions

  • Rebie Hall was destroyed by fire.
  • The Roden Hotel was begun, but construction was halted and the steel frame demolished for scrap.

Context

The year 1913 saw the ratification of the 16th and 17th amendments, allowing income taxes and the direct election of senators. Woodrow Wilson succeeded William Taft as President. King George I of Greece was assassinated. The First Balkan War ended. Stravinsky's "The Rite of Spring" caused riots at its Paris debut. The Second Balkan War began and ended. Harry Brearley invented stainless steel. The Panama Canal was completed. The Lincoln Highway, the first American trans-continental automobile road was dedicated. Ford introduced the moving assembly line. The all-purpose zipper was perfected. The Mona Lisa, recovered in Italy after a bold theft, was returned to France. Winston and Salem, North Carolina officially merged.

Notable fiction published in 1913 included The Patchwork Girl of Oz by L. Frank Baum, 'The Poison Belt by Arthur Conan Doyle, Der Tunnel by Bernhard Kellermann, Sons and Lovers by D. H. Lawrence, The Valley of the Moon by Jack London , Eldorado by Baroness Orczy, and Pollyanna by Eleanor H. Porter. Non-fiction included the final volume of Principia Mathematica by Alfred North Whitehead and Bertrand Russell.

Notable music released in 1913 included "Ballin' The Jack" by Chris Smith and James Henry Burris; "Danny Boy" (now set to the music of "Londonderry Air") by Frederick Weatherly; "El Cóndor Pasa" by Daniel Alomía Robles; "On the Old Fall River Line" by Harry Von Tilzer, William Jerome & Andrew B. Sterling; "The Trail Of The Lonesome Pine" by Harry Carroll and Ballard MacDonald; and "You Made Me Love You" by James V. Monaco and Joseph McCarthy.

Notable births in 1913 included those of presidents Gerald Ford and Richard Nixon, actors Lloyd Bridges, Hedy Lamarr, Vivien Leigh and Danny Kaye, author Albert Camus, civil rights figure Rosa Parks, labor leader Jimmy Hoffa, designer Oleg Cassini, bandleader Woody Herman, coach Vince Lombardi, and athlete Jesse Owens.

Deaths included those of abolitionist Harriet Tubman, financier J. P. Morgan, emperor Menelik II of Ethiopia, and retailer Aaron Montgomery Ward.

1910s
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