|City of Brighton|
|School district||Jefferson County School System|
|Locate with Google Maps|
Brighton is an incorporated town of 2,885 on 1.42 square miles in western Jefferson County near I-59 southwest of Fairfield and north of Bessemer. The community, centered on the old Hunstville Road (now Huntsville Avenue) was first called Woodward Crossing for the spur connecting it to the adjacent Woodward Iron Company factory town, Woodward.
In 1889, the Bessemer & Birmingham Railroad Company completed a passenger line through the community. In 1892 Woodward foreman and developer George Edwards began subdividing lots for residences and financing the sales on generous terms. The town was renamed for the English resort town when its post office was established in 1894. The town was incorporated in 1901 and boasted a population of 500, along with 17 commercial establishments, in the 1910 census.
Brighton's southeast border adjoins Birmingham along Bessemer Super Highway. The city considered annexation into Birmingham in the 1980s, but remained independent. In June 2008 Birmingham mayor Larry Langford proposed that Brighton and Lipscomb should both consider merging with the city as a "business decision" to improve services and open the door to development. A 244-name petition for an annexation referendum was certified and received by Birmingham in January 2009.
The current mayor is Barbara Watkins, who was elected in 2012. In November 2015 the city faced difficulty with meeting payroll for its 19 employees. At that time, it was reported that Brighton owed as much as $1 million to the Internal Revenue Service in unpaid withholdings and penalties.
As of the census of 2010, there were 2,945 people residing in the city's 1,360 housing units, for an average household of 2.17 persons. The population density was 2,076.7/mi², with housing units at an average density of 959.0/mi². The racial makeup of the city was 81.0% African American and 6.45% White. 13.8% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
In 2000, there were 1,413 households, of which 25.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 29.9% were married couples living together, 29.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.8% were non-families. 32.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.57 and the average family size was 3.29.
In the city the population was spread out with 25.5% under the age of 18, 10.3% from 18 to 24, 26.0% from 25 to 44, 21.8% from 45 to 64, and 16.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 87.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 78.9 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $21,364, and the median income for a family was $27,926. Males had a median income of $24,018 versus $20,192 for females. The per capita income for the city was $11,002. About 20.2% of families and 27.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 38.3% of those under age 18 and 20.3% of those age 65 or over.
- White, Marjorie Longenecker (1981) The Birmingham District: An Industrial History and Guide. Birmingham: Birmingham Historical Society ISBN 9990230099
- "Brighton, Alabama (June 22, 2010) Wikipedia - accessed June 22, 2010
- Bryant, Joseph D. (June 4, 2008) "Birmingham Mayor Larry Langford proposes city annex Brighton, Lipscomb." The Birmingham News
- "City of Brighton budget issues" (November 23, 2015) ABC 33/40
| Jefferson County|
Adamsville | Bessemer (seat) | Birmingham (seat) | Brighton | Brookside | Cardiff | Center Point | Clay | Fairfield | Fultondale | Gardendale | Graysville | Homewood | Hoover | Hueytown | Irondale | Kimberly | Leeds | Lipscomb | Maytown | Midfield | Morris | Mountain Brook | Mulga | North Johns | Pinson | Pleasant Grove | Sylvan Springs | Tarrant | Trafford | Trussville | Vestavia Hills | Warrior | West Jefferson