Chalkville is a community and census-designated place encompassing 2.9 square miles in Jefferson County, 15 miles to the northeast of Birmingham. It adjoins Trussville to the southeast, Clay to the north, Birmingham to the south and Center Point to the north and is traversed by Old Springville Road, Sweeney Hollow Road, Chalkville Mountain Road and Brewster Road. Chalkville is primarily residential with commercial establishments clustered at the Old Springville Road and Sweeney Hollow Road intersection.
Residents are served by the Jefferson County Sheriffs Department, Center Point Fire District and the Jefferson County School System. In the early to mid 2000s, after Clay and Center Point were incorporated, most of Chalkville was taken in to either city, with Clay expanding its tax base by annexing the commercial district into its city limits. Pockets of Chalkville remain unincorporated.
Chalkville was briefly the site of Louis Clark's country estate, "Matsuyama". He sold the property to the State of Alabama, which has operated the Alabama State Training School for Girls at that location since 1937.
As of the 2000 Census, there were 3,829 people, 1,275 households, and 1,105 families residing in the community. The population density was 513.3/km² (1,330.0/mi²). There were 1,313 housing units at an average density of 176.0/km² (456.1/mi²). The racial makeup of the community was 96.32% White, 2.32% Black or African American, 0.24% Native American, 0.47% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 0.08% from other races, and 0.52% from two or more races. 0.57% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 1,275 households out of which 49.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 74.1% were married couples living together, 9.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 13.3% were non-families. 10.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 2.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.97 and the average family size was 3.21.
In the community the population was spread out with 29.8% under the age of 18, 7.7% from 18 to 24, 32.9% from 25 to 44, 22.4% from 45 to 64, and 7.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 95.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.9 males.
The median income for a household in the community was $55,114, and the median income for a family was $56,518. Males had a median income of $34,977 versus $29,266 for females. The per capita income for the community was $19,929. About 2.8% of families and 2.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including none of those under age 18 and 12.9% of those age 65 or over.