St Clair County

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St Clair County Seal.png

St Clair County is a county in the Birmingham-Hoover Metropolitan Statistical Area located east of Jefferson County and Birmingham. It was named in honor of General Arthur St Clair, who came to America from Scotland as an officer in the British Army in the French and Indian War. He settled in America and served as a general in the Continental Army during the American Revolution.

The census estimated 85,237 residents in 2012, a 32% increase from the 2000 population count of 64,742. It has two county seats, one in Ashville and another in Pell City. While other counties in Alabama have multiple courthouses, St Clair County is the only county in Alabama with more than one county seat.

History

St Clair County was created by the Alabama Territorial General Assembly on November 20, 1818 and named for Revolutionary War general and Indian fighter Arthur St Clair. The county seat was incorporated and named "Ashville" in honor of John Ash. In 1836, a portion of St Clair County was separated to establish Cherokee and DeKalb Counties. In 1866, after the Civil War, a northeast section of the county was used to create Etowah County. The Southern Judicial District was established, with Pell City as its seat, in 1907.

Geography

Location of St Clair County

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 654 square miles, 3% of which is covered by water.

Major Highways

Rail

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.  %±
1820 4,166
1830 5,975 43.4%
1840 5,638 -5.6%
1850 6,829 21.1%
1860 11,013 61.3%
1870 9,360 -15.0%
1880 14,462 54.5%
1890 17,353 20.0%
1900 19,425 11.5%
1910 20,715 6.6%
1920 23,383 12.9%
1930 24,510 4.8%
1940 27,336 11.5%
1950 26,687 -2.4%
1960 25,388 -4.9%
1970 27,956 10.1%
1980 41,205 47.4%
1990 50,009 21.4%
2000 64,742 29.5%
2010 85,593 32.2%

As of the census of 2000, there were 64,742 people, 24,143 households, and 18,445 families residing in the county. The population density was 102 people per square mile. There were 27,303 housing units at an average density of 43 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 90% White and 8% Black or African American. 1% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 24,143 households out of which 35.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 62.8% were married couples living together, 10.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 23.6% were non-families. 20.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.60 and the average family size was 3.01.

In the county the population was spread out with 25.40% under the age of 18, 7.9% from 18 to 24, 30.7% from 25 to 44, 24.3% from 45 to 64, and 11.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 101.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 98.8 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $37,285, and the median income for a family was $43,152. Males had a median income of $33,914 versus $24,433 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,960. About 9.60% of families and 12.10% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.20% of those under age 18 and 12.60% of those age 65 or over.

Cities and towns

References

  • Foscue, Virginia O. (1989) Place Names in Alabama. Tuscaloosa: University of Alabama Press. ISBN 081730410X
  • St. Clair County, Alabama [1]. (January 1, 2008). Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Accessed January 2, 2008
  • "ACES St. Clair County Office" (links/history) [2]. (2007). Alabama Cooperative Extension System (ACES).

External links

St Clair County Seal.png St Clair County
Topics

Communities | County Commission | Schools | Sheriff

Cities

Argo | Ashville (seat) | Leeds | Margaret | Moody | Odenville | Pell City (seat) | Ragland | Riverside | Springville | Steele | Trussville | Vincent