Timeline of newspapers in Birmingham
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This is a Timeline of newspapers in Birmingham, covering the founding, merging, and dissolution of newspapers in the Birmingham District.
- The Jones Valley Times began publication.
- The Jones Valley Times ceased publication.
- The Central Alabamian, was published by Baylis Grace and Joseph Smith.
- Moses Lancaster took over publication of the Central Alabamian.
- Tuscaloosa merchant John Cantley established the Elyton Herald.
- Edmund Harris founded the Shelby Chronicle in Columbiana
- Henry Hale purchased the weekly Elyton Herald
- Robert Henley established the Elyton Sun
- Henry Hale moved the Elyton Herald to Birmingham and renamed it the Birmingham Herald
- Robert Henley bought the Birmingham Herald and renamed it the Birmingham Sun.
- Thomas McLaughlin and James Matthews purchased the Sun and renamed it The Jefferson Independent.
- Frank Duval, Eugene McGaw and Frank O'Brien founded the Birmingham Daily Item
- An early Birmingham News, unrelated to the 1888 paper, was published until at least 1875.
- February 12: The Birmingham Iron Age, a weekly, published its first edition.
- The Alabama Tribune Centennial newspaper was published on May 18 and July 13.
- The Alabama Christian Advocate edited by W. C. McCoy, began as a 4-page weekly newspaper of the Methodist Episcopal Church, South.
- December 3: W. C. Garrett and Frank V. Evans, owners of the Birmingham Iron Age, launched a daily newspaper known as The Daily Age.
- Frank Evans resigned from the Daily Age for health reasons, but soon launched The Birmingham Chronicle with editor George Cruikshank.
- The Weekly Pilot was founded.
- The Birmingham Advance began publishing weekly.
- November 11: The Birmingham Advance merged with the Weekly Review to form the Semi-Weekly Review.
- May 1: The Birmingham Iron Age changed its nameplate to The Weekly Iron Age.
- The Weekly Pilot failed.
- E. N. Edmonds began publishing the weekly The Labor Union for the Knights of Labor.
- C. M. Gardner began publishing the 8-page weekly Manufacturer and Tradesman.
- Tom Ellis began publishing the 4-page weekly Saturday Hornet, covering labor issues.
- Benjamin Robinson began publishing the 8-page weekly Sunday Morning Argus as a Democratic Party instrument.
- The weekly Alabama Staats Zeitung began publication.
- September: R. C. O. Benjamin began publishing the weekly Negro American each Saturday.
- July 24: George H. Johnson began publishing the weekly The Birmingham Sunday Morning Star.
- August 3: William Pinckard began publishing The Daily Herald.
- The Alabama Sentinel began publication.
- March 14: After leaving his position as editor of the Herald, Rufus Rhodes began publishing The Evening News.
- November 8: The Daily Age and Daily Herald merged to form The Birmingham Age-Herald.
- The American Citizen was founded.
- L. H. Harrison began publishing the Wide-Awake weekly Republican newspaper.
- The Anzeiger des Sudens, edited by Leon Landsberg, began publication.
- The Evening News became The Daily News.
- April: The Birmingham Chronicle (The Birmingham Evening Chronicle and The Birmingham Sunday Chronicle) ceased publication.
- The American Citizen failed.
- The weekly Negro American ceased publication.
- July 3: The Anzeiger des Sudens ceased publication.
- The Birmingham Ledger was established, published by E. B. Powell and T. A. Wiggs.
- The weekly Alabama Staats Zeitung ceased publication.
- The Daily News became The Birmingham News.
- The Birmingham Ledger became The Daily Ledger.
- The Birmingham Age-Herald was sold to rival The Daily State and became the Daily State Herald.
- Edward Barrett bought the Daily State Herald and changed the name back to The Birmingham Age-Herald.
- The Alabama Cumberland Presbyterian was published weekly from August 12 to December 23.
- April 19: The Arbitrator weekly began publication.
- The Daily Ledger returned to its earlier name, The Birmingham Ledger.
- The Ensley Enterprise was published by L. P. Hill with J. H. Pearson as editor.
- The Alabamian weekly began publishing.
- Carrie Tuggle began publishing The Birmingham Truth
- August 1: The Arbitrator weekly ceased publication.
- December 23: The Alabamian ceased publishing.
- Oscar Adams Sr founded the African-American weekly Birmingham Reporter.
- The Arc Light was published weekly.
- The Birmingham Blade began publishing weekly.
- The Birmingham Blade ceased publishing.
- Upon Rufus Rhodes' death, Victor Hanson bought The Birmingham News.
- Howle's Iconoclast began publication.
- Carrie Tuggle's The Birmingham Truth ceased publication.
- Howle's Iconoclast ceased publication.
- The Wide-Awake ceased publication.
- April 18: The Birmingham News acquired The Birmingham Ledger.
- January: Ed Leech and Scripps-Howard launched The Birmingham Post.
- Victor Hanson purchased the Age-Herald, publishing it in the morning and The Birmingham News in the evenings. On Sundays, a joint Birmingham News Age-Herald edition was distributed.
- The North Birmingham Star was published from 2621 29th Avenue North
- September 17: The Alabama Traveler weekly began publishing.
- The Shades Valley Times began publication, covering Homewood.
- April 8: The Alabama Traveler ceased publication.
- The American Standard was published weekly.
- The Shades Valley Times ceased publication.
- The Homewood Herald began publication.
- The Birmingham Reporter ceased publication.
- The Alabama Sun was published from March 24 to May 19.
- March: Victor Hanson died. His nephew, Clarence Hanson, Jr, assumed control of the News.
- July 12 to August 14: Publication of the News, Post and Age-Herald were suspended due to a printers' strike.
- The Five Points Star alternative newspaper hit the stands for 5¢ a copy.
- August: The BECO Employees' News began publishing monthly.
- May 15: The Age-Herald was sold to Scripps-Howard, publishers of the Post. The two papers merged to become the Birmingham Post-Herald. The new paper had a joint operating agreement with Hanson's News such that circulation, advertising and printing were provided by The Birmingham News Company. The Post-Herald was published Monday through Saturday mornings while the News was published in the evenings and Sunday. Publication of the joint Birmingham News Age-Herald edition on Sundays is ceased.
- December: The BECO Employees' News ceased publishing monthly.
- Newhouse purchased The Birmingham News, but Hanson continued as publisher.
- The Birmingham Times was founded by Jesse Lewis.
- The North Jefferson News was founded as a weekly.
- July 19: The Southside Rag debuted.
- The Paperman alternative newspaper was founded.
- The Paperman alternative newspaper folded.
- Southern Style alternative newspaper was founded.
- Southern Style alternative newspaper folded.
- Bozart alternative newspaper was founded.
- Bozart alternative newspaper folded.
- The Western Star was founded, covering Bessemer and western Jefferson County.
- Blue Note alternative newspaper was founded.
- Red Mountain Press alternative newspaper was founded.
- Blue Note alternative newspaper folded.
- Red Mountain Press alternative newspaper folded.
- Fun & Stuff alternative newspaper was founded.
- I Cover the War alternative newspaper was founded.
- The Homewood Independent began publication.
- I Cover the War alternative newspaper folded.
- January: The Apostle monthly was initiated by the Episcopal Diocese of Alabama.
- Black & White, a bi-weekly alternative, began publication.
- December: The Apostle monthly ceased publication.
- August 5: Under the latest extension of their joint operating agreement, the Post-Herald and News switched their morning/evening publication times.
- Birmingham Weekly alternative newspaper began publication.
- Fun & Stuff alternative newspaper folded.
- September 23: The final edition of the Birmingham Post-Herald was published as E. W. Scripps (previously Scripps-Howard) closed the paper.
- June 7: The Hoover Gazette began publication.
- August 15: The Hoover Gazette published its final edition.
- May 16: The Western Tribune began publication, covering Bessemer and western Jefferson County.
- The North Jefferson News began publishing twice a week.
- Victor Hanson III retired from The Birmingham News, marking the end of the Hanson family's century as publisher.
- Trussville Tribune began weekly publication.
- March: The Western Tribune ceased publication.
- Weld began publication.
- The Leeds News was closed by owner Community Newspaper Holdings.
- The North Jefferson News changed back from semi-weekly publication to weekly.
- October 1: The Birmingham News cut publication from daily to three days a week.
- Black & White ceased publication.
- The Birmingham Times was sold to the Foundation for Progress in Journalism.
- July 13: Weld ceased publication of its weekly paper.
- April 22: The North Jefferson News was folded into the Cullman Times by both papers' owner CNHI.
- Dubose, John Witherspoon (1887) Jefferson County and Birmingham, Alabama: Historical and Biographical Birmingham: Teeple & Smith, Publishers; Caldwell Printing Works.
- Rowell, George P., ed. (1887) American Newspaper Directory. Vol. 19. New York. Geo. P. Rowell & Co.
- Ellison, Rhoda Coleman (1954) History and Bibliography of Alabama Newspapers in the Nineteenth Century. University of Alabama Press.