1930

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1930 was the 59th year after the founding of the city of Birmingham.

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In 1930, the Great Depression continued. The dwarf planet Pluto was discovered. Mahatma Gandhi led the Dandi Salt March protesting the British-imposed salt tax. The first frozen foods of Clarence Birdseye went on sale in Springfield, Massachusetts. Turkish cities Constantinople and Angora officially became Istanbul and Ankara. Twinkies, Neoprene, and the chocolate chip cookie were invented. The Shadow debuted on radio. Betty Boop debuted in Dizzy Dishes. Karl Landsteiner won the Nobel Prize for Medicine for his earlier discovery of human blood types and work in blood transfusions.

Books published in 1930 included As I Lay Dying by William Faulkner, The Maltese Falcon by Dashiell Hammett, The Little Engine That Could by Watty Piper, and 1066 and All That by W. C. Sellar and R. J. Yeatman. The Nobel Prize for Literature went to Sinclair Lewis.

Songs published in 1930 included "Georgia on My Mind" by Hoagy Carmichael & Stuart Gorrell and "I Got Rhythm" by George & Ira Gershwin. Top hits included "Happy Days Are Here Again" by Charles King and "Puttin' On The Ritz" by Harry Richman.

All Quiet on the Western Front was the top-grossing film and won Academy Awards for Best Picture and Best Director (Lewis Milestone). Other top-grossing films included Whoopee!, Hell's Angels, Animal Crackers, and Feet First. George Arliss took the Best Actor award and Norma Shearer was Best Actress.

Notable births in 1930 included film and television executive Roy E. Disney, astronaut Buzz Aldrin, singer Bobby “Blue” Bland, actor Gene Hackman, televangelist Pat Robertson, composer and lyricist Stephen Sondheim, actor Steve McQueen, Supreme Court Justice Sandra Day O'Connor, German Chancellor Helmut Kohl, film director Richard Donner, politician Harvey Milk, actor Clint Eastwood, billionaire Ross Perot, businessman George Steinbrenner, astronaut Neil Armstrong, musician Don Ho, actor Sean Connery, entrepreneur Warren Buffett, and musician Ray Charles. Notable deaths included writer D. H. Lawrence; President William Howard Taft; writer Sir Arthur Conan Doyle; actor Lon Chaney, Sr; and industrialist Herbert Henry Dow.

1930s
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