Legion Field, sometimes referred to as the "Old Gray Lady", is a large stadium at 400 Graymont Avenue in McLendon Park in the Graymont neighborhood. It is primarily designed to be used as a football venue, but is also used for other large outdoor events. The stadium is named in honor of the American Legion, a U.S. organization of military veterans. After several expansions, its peak capacity was 83,810 for a soccer match during the 1996 Olympics. The recent removal of the upper deck has reduced the capacity to 71,594.
Construction was begun in 1926 using designs developed by David O. Whilldin. The stadium, which originally seated 21,000, cost $439,000. It was dedicated on November 19, 1927 with a game between local colleges Howard and Birmingham-Southern. Howard won the game 9-0. Some of the proceeds from the game helped fund the Memorial Entrance for the stadium, enlargement of which was already being contemplated. The first expansion, to 25,000 seats, was completed in 1934. A second expansion in 1948 completed the bowl shape and brought the seating total to 45,000.
A 9,000-seat upper deck was added to the stadium in 1961, increasing capacity to 54,000. A new pressbox was constructed in 1965 to accommodate up to 300, with dark rooms, restrooms and elevators for the press. At that point, the capacity of the stadium was increased to 68,821. In 1969 new "Multi-Vapor" lamps were installed to allow night games to be broadcast on color television.
"PolyTurf" artificial turf was installed at Legion Field in 1970. It was replaced with Astro-Turf in 1975. More seats were added in 1977, giving the stadium a capacity of 75,808. In 1991 another expansion gave Legion Field its peak capacity of 83,091 seats. In 1993, state officials had a 27-foot diameter Mercedes-Benz logo affixed to the exterior of the stadium's main scoreboard. The logo was removed during the 1996 Olympics, during which Legion Field hosted opening round soccer competition.
To accommodate Olympic soccer, a high-tech, natural Bermuda grass surface was installed in place of the former Astroturf. The success of that event ushered in an era of successful soccer competitions, including exhibition games by the U.S. men's and women's national soccer teams and a World Cup qualifier between the U.S. and Guatemala in 2005. That summer the upper deck, which no longer satisfied current building codes, had been removed, reducing seating to 71,594.
The original PolyTurf was stored by the city and eventually sold, in 2006, to the City of Gardendale. Both cities used sections to cover high-traffic areas on playgrounds and around athletic fields. The remainder, 50 rolls, was auctioned on January 20, 2007 for a total of $4,145. The later artificial turf was re-used at Birmingham's Lawson Field. In 2006, to accommodate high school football games, the Birmingham Park and Recreation Board reconverted Legion Field's grass surface to "Field Turf".
The south entrance to Legion Field from Graymont Avenue includes a wide formal stair flanked by a pair of large limestone sculptures of sleeping lions. A pair of flagpoles on broad limestone towers flank the top of the stairs. Bronze plaques mounted to the towers by the Birmingham American Legion Post No. 1 in 1929 list the names of all those from Alabama "who made the supreme sacrifice in the World War 1917-1918".
In 1985, the University of Alabama's A-Club erected a monument at the top of the entrance stairs on the south side of the stadium to honor former Crimson Tide football coach Bear Bryant. The granite monolith bears a bronze likeness of Bryant’s head in addition along with this inscription:
- Americans have lost a hero who always seemed larger than life. A coach who made legends out of ordinary people, he was a hard but loved taskmaker, patriotic to the core, devoted to his players and inspired by a winning spirit that wouldn't quit.
- "Bear" Bryant gave his country the gift of a life unsurpassed in making the impossible seem easy. He lived what we strive to be.
- -President Ronald Reagan
Until the 1990s the University of Alabama played the majority of their home football games at Legion Field, a practice that has now ended. Auburn University has used the stadium similarly for a while, but not as extensively. It currently serves as the home field for the UAB Blazers, who compete in Conference USA.
Legion Field was best-known for hosting the annual Iron Bowl between Alabama and Auburn every year from 1948 to 1988. In 1989 Auburn moved their "home" games in the series to their own stadium. Alabama followed suit in 2000. On August 19, 2004, the University of Alabama announced that they would not be playing any further home games at Legion Field, leaving UAB as the sole regular season tenant.
The stadium also hosts of the annual Magic City Classic played by Alabama A&M University (of Huntsville) and Alabama State University (of Montgomery), the two largest historically black universities in the state, since 1946. Additionally, between 2001-2006, the Steel City Classic pitting Miles College against Stillman College was played here before the game was shifted to a home-and-home series for the 2007 edition.
Legion Field also hosted five post-season bowl games, the Vulcan Bowl (1942-1949), the Dixie Bowl (1947-1948), the Hall of Fame Classic (1977-1985) and the All-American Bowl (1986-1990). In 2006 Legion Field hosted the inaugural Birmingham Bowl which has been renamed the BBVA Compass Bowl and is still played to this day.
In 1968, the stadium hosted the AFL's Boston Patriots for their home opener, as their home stadium, Fenway Park, was unavailable. Additionally, the contest served as a "test game" to gauge interest in professional football in Birmingham as the city was viewed as a potential relocation city for the franchise if a new stadium was not constructed in Massachusetts.
The facility has served as the home field for eight professional football teams during its history. These teams are as follows:
- Birmingham Americans of the World Football League in 1974
- Birmingham Vulcans of the World Football League in 1975
- Alabama Vulcans of the American Football Association in 1979
- Alabama Magic of the American Football Association in 1982
- Birmingham Stallions of the United States Football League from 1983-1985
- Birmingham Fire of the World League of American Football (now NFL Europe) from 1991-1992
- Birmingham Barracudas of the Canadian Football League in 1995
- Birmingham Thunderbolts of the XFL in 2001
 High school
The city uses the stadium for occasional high school football matchups and was formerly host of the annual "Super 6" AHSAA state high school football championships from it's inception until 2008.
Legion Field has also been used as a concert venue. Artists that have performed at Legion Field include The Rolling Stones, Living Color, Counting Crows, Pink Floyd, and U2. 'N Sync was scheduled to perform at the stadium during their Pop Odyssey Tour on August 7, 2001, but the show was canceled due to weather conditions.
 Proposed renovations
In October 2006, Birmingham City Council President Carole Smitherman proposed that Legion Field be converted into a domed facility as an alternative to the proposed dome for the BJCC. The idea of covering the stadium was first proposed in the late 1990s with a thin, canvas like material. In addition to the proposed roof, a new parking garage would also be constructed as part of the project in an effort to draw more businesses to the Graymont Avenue corridor. The renovations would ideally serve as a catalyst for development into the Smithfield neighborhood.
In December 2007, after his Birmingham Economic and Community Revitalization Ordinance was passed, opening the way for construction of a new domed stadium, Mayor Larry Langford mentioned the possibility of demolishing Legion Field.
 See also
- "Tour Hampered By Pneumonia And Tropical Storm Barry." (August 7, 2001). Yahoo! Music.
- Bryant, Joseph D. (October 4, 2006). "Councilwoman wants body to consider her plan to bring new life to city's old stadium." The Birmingham News.
- Martin, Wayne (January 6, 2007). "Hallowed turf can be had, if the price is right." The Birmingham News.
- Martin, Wayne (January 23, 2007). "Metro Briefs." The Birmingham News.
- "Legion Field" (December 7, 2011)) Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia - accessed December 8, 2011