Difference between revisions of "Riverchase Galleria"

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[[Image:Riverchase Galleria.jpg|thumb|right|575px|The Galleria in August 2009]]
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[[Image:Galleria atrium.jpg|thumb|right|575px|The Galleria's atrium in December 2013]]
 
The '''Riverchase Galleria''', locally known as '''The Galleria''', is a large, super–regional shopping mall [[Hoover]].  It is managed and partially owned by [[General Growth Properties]] and is [[Alabama]]'s largest enclosed shopping center with 1.9 million square feet of total retail floor area.  Its 218 stores and restaurants are also one of the state's most popular tourist destinations, attracting customers from neighboring states.  During [[2008]] the mall reported 15 million shoppers, making it Alabama's busiest shopping center.  The mall's general manager is [[Mike White]].
 
The '''Riverchase Galleria''', locally known as '''The Galleria''', is a large, super–regional shopping mall [[Hoover]].  It is managed and partially owned by [[General Growth Properties]] and is [[Alabama]]'s largest enclosed shopping center with 1.9 million square feet of total retail floor area.  Its 218 stores and restaurants are also one of the state's most popular tourist destinations, attracting customers from neighboring states.  During [[2008]] the mall reported 15 million shoppers, making it Alabama's busiest shopping center.  The mall's general manager is [[Mike White]].
  
 
Located on [[U.S. Highway 31]] between [[Interstate 459]] and [[Alabama State Highway 150]], the Riverchase Galleria complex includes the two-level '''Galleria Mall''', the 15-story, 330-room [[Hyatt Regency]] hotel, and the 14-story, 275,000 square foot "Galleria Tower" office building (now called the [[Offices at 3000 RiverChase]]), both accessible from the mall's central atrium.  The Galleria is part of the [[Riverchase]] planned development, including a residential community and a business community located in the southern part of the city of Hoover.  The style of the Riverchase Galleria is modeled after the Houston Galleria and is notable for having the "world's longest skylight" at 200 feet.
 
Located on [[U.S. Highway 31]] between [[Interstate 459]] and [[Alabama State Highway 150]], the Riverchase Galleria complex includes the two-level '''Galleria Mall''', the 15-story, 330-room [[Hyatt Regency]] hotel, and the 14-story, 275,000 square foot "Galleria Tower" office building (now called the [[Offices at 3000 RiverChase]]), both accessible from the mall's central atrium.  The Galleria is part of the [[Riverchase]] planned development, including a residential community and a business community located in the southern part of the city of Hoover.  The style of the Riverchase Galleria is modeled after the Houston Galleria and is notable for having the "world's longest skylight" at 200 feet.
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[[Image:Riverchase Galleria.jpg|thumb|center|575px|The Galleria in August 2009]]
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[[Image:Galleria atrium.jpg|thumb|center|575px|The Galleria's atrium in December 2013]]
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==History==
 
==History==
[[File:1995 Galleria fountain.jpg|left|thumb|250px|The central fountain and elevators to the tower lobby, c. 1995]]
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[[File:Galleria swans.jpg|right|thumb|250px|Swan signs originally located at the entrances to the Riverchase Galleria]]
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[[File:1995 Galleria fountain.jpg|right|thumb|250px|The central fountain and elevators to the tower lobby, c. 1995]]
 
In [[1975]] a deal was announced between [[Harbert Corporation]] and the Equitable Life Insurance Company, the developers of [[Riverchase]], and the Rouse Company of Baltimore, Maryland. The announcement forecast a $30 million, 850,000 square foot '''Riverchase Mall''' on the 70-acre site.
 
In [[1975]] a deal was announced between [[Harbert Corporation]] and the Equitable Life Insurance Company, the developers of [[Riverchase]], and the Rouse Company of Baltimore, Maryland. The announcement forecast a $30 million, 850,000 square foot '''Riverchase Mall''' on the 70-acre site.
  
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In late [[2003]], Jim Wilson & Associates sold 50% of the Galleria to [[General Growth Properties]], which assumed management control.  General Growth also owns [[Century Plaza]] in Birmingham. [[Sam Warbington]] became the mall's general manager on [[March 17]], [[2008]], having previously managed [[Brookwood Village]]. Warbington was succeeded by [[Mike White]] in November [[2016]].
 
In late [[2003]], Jim Wilson & Associates sold 50% of the Galleria to [[General Growth Properties]], which assumed management control.  General Growth also owns [[Century Plaza]] in Birmingham. [[Sam Warbington]] became the mall's general manager on [[March 17]], [[2008]], having previously managed [[Brookwood Village]]. Warbington was succeeded by [[Mike White]] in November [[2016]].
  
In [[2006]], Belk acquired the Parisian store chain from Saks Incorporated. Additionally, the former Pizitz/McRae's location simultaneously became available for occupancy. The store had remained vacant since the 2005 closure of McRae's as a result of a lawsuit between the Pizitz family (which had retained ownership of the store real estate after its sale in 1987) and Saks Incorporated (which inherited the lease obligations of its defunct McRae's operation).  As part of its merger of the Parisian stores into its operations, Belk closed its location in the original Macy's space in favor of the former Parisian. The upper level of the former Pizitz/McRae's has since been converted to a Belk Home & Children's Store, with its grand opening held on [[November 14]], [[2007]].
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In [[2006]], Belk acquired the Parisian store chain from Saks Incorporated. Additionally, the former Pizitz/McRae's location simultaneously became available for occupancy. The store had remained vacant since the 2005 closure of McRae's as a result of a lawsuit between the Pizitz family (which had retained ownership of the store real estate after its sale in 1987) and Saks Inc. (which inherited the lease obligations of its defunct McRae's operation).  As part of its merger of the Parisian stores into its operations, Belk closed its location in the original Macy's space in favor of the former Parisian. The upper level of the former Pizitz/McRae's has since been converted to a Belk Home & Children's Store, with its grand opening held on [[November 14]], [[2007]].
  
 
On [[November 30]], [[2007]] the Galleria announced that the Seattle, Washington-based Nordstrom department store planned to open their first Alabama location in the mall in 2012. That plan was canceled in 2009 as General Growth Properties reorganized under bankruptcy.
 
On [[November 30]], [[2007]] the Galleria announced that the Seattle, Washington-based Nordstrom department store planned to open their first Alabama location in the mall in 2012. That plan was canceled in 2009 as General Growth Properties reorganized under bankruptcy.
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In [[2010]], the City of Hoover commissioned a study to determine if it were feasible to construct a small convention center, with 100,000 square feet of meeting rooms, a 25,000 square-foot exhibition hall, and a 2,000-seat theater which could also be used for [[Hoover City Schools]] programs, in the original Macy's anchor location on the mall's west side.
 
In [[2010]], the City of Hoover commissioned a study to determine if it were feasible to construct a small convention center, with 100,000 square feet of meeting rooms, a 25,000 square-foot exhibition hall, and a 2,000-seat theater which could also be used for [[Hoover City Schools]] programs, in the original Macy's anchor location on the mall's west side.
  
That plan was set aside as Davenport, Iowa-based [[Von Maur]] proposed to occupy the former Macy's site. More than $100 million was spent renovating and refurbishing the property for Von Maur, which opened on [[November 2]], [[2013]], and other new tenants.
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That plan was set aside as Davenport, Iowa-based [[Von Maur]] proposed to occupy the former Macy's site. More than $100 million was spent renovating and refurbishing the property for Von Maur, which opened on [[November 2]], [[2013]], and other new tenants. [[CMH Architects]] designed the renovations, which included the installation of large fabric "sails" stretched beneath the atrium skylights and lit with color-changing LEDs.
  
On Thanksgiving evening, [[November 23]], [[2017]] a fight broke out between two women on the mall's upper level. The disturbance led the mall to close 40 minutes early. A year later, also on Thanksgiving, [[November 22]], [[2018]], two people were wounded in a [[2018 Riverchase Galleria shooting|shooting]] and [[Hoover Police Department]] officers shot and killed another man. The circumstances surrounding the [[List of fatal police encounters|police-involved shooting]] led activist groups to hold demonstrations at the mall and to promote an economic boycott of all Hoover businesses.
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The Galleria shut down for several weeks in March and April 2020 during government-mandated social distancing due to the [[2020 Coronavirus pandemic|Coronavirus pandemic]].
  
 
[[Image:Galleria map.png|right]]
 
[[Image:Galleria map.png|right]]
  
 
== Layout ==
 
== Layout ==
The Galleria is generally rectangular and tilted slightly northwest of a north-south axis along its length.  J. C. Penney has occupied the north end anchor space since the mall opened in 1986.  At the south end the mall splits along a diagonal into two more anchor spaces, a closer one to the southeast and slightly farther one to the southwest. The southwest anchor is part of the aforementioned mall expansion added in 1996.
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The Galleria is generally rectangular and tilted slightly northwest of a north-south axis along its length.  J. C. Penney has occupied the north end anchor space since the mall opened in 1986.  At the south end the mall splits along a diagonal into two more anchor spaces, a closer one to the southeast and slightly farther one to the southwest. The southwest anchor is part of the aforementioned mall expansion added in 1996.
  
A full-size, authentic 19th Century Dentzel Carousel is located in the food court in the central atrium. In the past, the carousel was dismantled for part of the year, with foliage and a fountain in its place, and reassembled for the holiday season. Currently, the carousel has remained in place for several years. Occasionally, the traditional carousel animals are replaced with reindeer for the holiday season.
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A carousel is located in the food court in the central atrium. Originally the carousel was dismantled for part of the year, with foliage and a fountain in its place, and reassembled for the holiday season. Since [[2013]] the carousel, refurbished and updated, has been a permanent fixture. Occasionally, the traditional carousel animals are replaced with reindeer for the holiday season.
  
 
In the middle of the eastern side is a [[Hyatt Regency Hotel]] (formerly the [[Wynfrey Hotel]]) with anchor store spaces abutting the north and south sides of it.  Across from the hotel, the [[Offices at 3000 RiverChase]] office tower rises in the middle of the western side with another anchor space extending to the west of it.  A 2,798-space parking deck lies to the north of this anchor while a 2,915-space parking deck lies to the south.  A U-shaped ramp surrounds the anchor, providing automobiles direct access to both the main level of the office tower (above the mall's upper level) and the top levels of the two parking decks.
 
In the middle of the eastern side is a [[Hyatt Regency Hotel]] (formerly the [[Wynfrey Hotel]]) with anchor store spaces abutting the north and south sides of it.  Across from the hotel, the [[Offices at 3000 RiverChase]] office tower rises in the middle of the western side with another anchor space extending to the west of it.  A 2,798-space parking deck lies to the north of this anchor while a 2,915-space parking deck lies to the south.  A U-shaped ramp surrounds the anchor, providing automobiles direct access to both the main level of the office tower (above the mall's upper level) and the top levels of the two parking decks.
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== Access ==
 
== Access ==
[[File:Galleria swans.jpg|right|thumb|400px|Swan signs originally located at the entrances to the Riverchase Galleria]]
 
 
When it opened in 1986, access to the Galleria was limited to three entrances on U.S. Highway 31 and two on Alabama State Highway 150.  The mall's opening led to frequent congestion at the nearby I-459/Highway 31 intersection on both roadways.  Proposals for an additional exit going directly to the Galleria were made as early as [[1994]].  Construction finally began in [[2000]] and the exit, including the [[Galleria Boulevard flyover]], opened in late [[2002]].  [[Galleria Boulevard]] runs north-south just to the west of the Galleria, between it and the adjacent [[Patton Creek Shopping Center]], which was built in [[2003]].
 
When it opened in 1986, access to the Galleria was limited to three entrances on U.S. Highway 31 and two on Alabama State Highway 150.  The mall's opening led to frequent congestion at the nearby I-459/Highway 31 intersection on both roadways.  Proposals for an additional exit going directly to the Galleria were made as early as [[1994]].  Construction finally began in [[2000]] and the exit, including the [[Galleria Boulevard flyover]], opened in late [[2002]].  [[Galleria Boulevard]] runs north-south just to the west of the Galleria, between it and the adjacent [[Patton Creek Shopping Center]], which was built in [[2003]].
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== Security==
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On Thanksgiving evening, [[November 23]], [[2017]] a fight broke out between two women on the mall's upper level. The disturbance led the mall to close 40 minutes early. A year later, also on Thanksgiving, [[November 22]], [[2018]], two people were wounded in a [[2018 Riverchase Galleria shooting|shooting]] and [[Hoover Police Department]] officers shot and killed another man. The circumstances surrounding the [[List of fatal police encounters|police-involved shooting]] led activist groups to hold demonstrations at the mall and to promote an economic boycott of all Hoover businesses.
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A man was [[List of homicides in 2019#Hoover|shot to death]] in a vehicle in the north parking deck on [[June 26]], [[2019]] during a robbery staged at a planned drug transaction. On [[July 3]], [[2020]], an 8-year-old boy was killed and three others wounded in a [[2020 Riverchase Galleria shooting|shootout]] near the mall's food court.
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Those shootings prompted Brookfield Properties to upgrade its security efforts, including improved cameras and communications equipment, and the use of "gun-sniffing" dogs. In addition, the [[Hoover Police Department]] reopened its [[Hoover Police Department Galleria Substation|Galleria Substation]] and added extra patrols.
  
 
==Tenants==
 
==Tenants==
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** 095:  
 
** 095:  
 
** 102-103: [[Edge]] (2019)
 
** 102-103: [[Edge]] (2019)
*** 102: [[U. S. Post Office]] [[Galleria Postal Store]] (1995-November 19, 2011)
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*** 102: [[U. S. Post Office]] [[Galleria Postal Store]] (1993-November 19, 2011)
*** 103: [[Franzone Shoe Repair]] (1995)
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*** 103: [[Franzone Shu Repair]] (1993-1995)
** 103A: [[Beauchamp's Alteration]] (1995)
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** 103A: [[Beauchamp's Alterations]] (1993-1995)
** 104: [[Women's World]] (1995)
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** 104: [[Woman's World]] (1993-1995)
 
** 105-106: [[Carter's OshKosh]] (2019)
 
** 105-106: [[Carter's OshKosh]] (2019)
*** 105: [[Waldenbooks]] (1995)
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*** 105: [[Waldenbooks]] (1993-1995)
*** 106: [[Wilson's Leather]] (1995-2003)
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*** 106: [[Wilson's Leather]] (1993-2003)
 
** [[Chico's]] (2012)
 
** [[Chico's]] (2012)
 
** [[Deck The Walls]] (1999-2003)
 
** [[Deck The Walls]] (1999-2003)
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* Section B1
 
* Section B1
 
** 108-109: [[Justice (boutique)Justice]] (2019)
 
** 108-109: [[Justice (boutique)Justice]] (2019)
*** 108: [[J. Riggings]] (1995)
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*** 108: [[J. Riggings]] (1993-1995)
*** 109: [[Talbot's]] (1995-2003)
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*** 109: [[Talbot's]] (1993-2003)
** 110: [[Carroll Reed]] (1995), [[BoxLunch]] (2019)
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** 110: [[Carroll Reed]] (1993-1995), [[BoxLunch]] (2018-2019)
** 111: [[Harold's]] (1995-1999), [[Build-A-Bear Workshop]] (2003-2019)
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** 111: [[Harold's]] (1993-1999), [[Build-A-Bear Workshop]] (2003-2019)
** 112: [[The Disney Store]] (1995-2003), [[Garage (boutique)|Garage]] (Summer 2015-2019)
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** 112: [[The Disney Store]] (1993-2003), [[Garage (boutique)|Garage]] (Summer 2015-2019)
** 113: [[Caché]] (1995-2012), [[AT&T Store]] (2019)
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** 113: [[Caché]] (1993-2012), [[AT&T Store]] (2019)
 
** [[ABC Toys]] (2012)
 
** [[ABC Toys]] (2012)
 
** [[Auburn Spirit]] (2012)
 
** [[Auburn Spirit]] (2012)
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* Section C1
 
* Section C1
 
** 114-115: [[Victoria's Secret]] (2012-2019) / [[Pink]] (2019)
 
** 114-115: [[Victoria's Secret]] (2012-2019) / [[Pink]] (2019)
*** 114: [[The Limited]] (1995-2009)
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*** 114: [[The Limited]] (1993-2009)
*** 118: [[Victoria's Secret]] (1995), [[Francesca's Collections]] (2012)
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*** 118: [[Victoria's Secret]] (1993-1995), [[Francesca's Collections]] (2012)
** 119: [[Ciro]] (1995), [[Proactiv Solution]] (2012)
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** 119: [[Ciro]] (1993-1995), [[Proactiv Solution]] (2012)
 
** [[The Limited Too]] (1999-2003)
 
** [[The Limited Too]] (1999-2003)
 
* [[Macy's]] / [[Von Maur]] entrance, elevators
 
* [[Macy's]] / [[Von Maur]] entrance, elevators
 
* Section D1
 
* Section D1
** 123: [[Units]] (1995), [[Molly Green]] (-2015)
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** 123: [[Units]] (1993-1995), [[Molly Green]] (-2015)
** 124: [[Crabtree & Evelyn]] (1995-1999), [[Starbucks Coffee]] (2003-2012)
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** 124: [[Crabtree & Evelyn]] (1993-1999), [[Starbucks Coffee]] (2003-2012)
** 125: [[British Passage]] (1995), [[Fun Box]] (2019)
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** 125: [[British Passage]] (1993-1995), [[Fun Box]] (2019)
** 126: [[Pastille]] (1995), [[The Museum Company]] (1999), [[Luna by Brio]] (2019)
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** 126: [[Pastille]] (1993-1995), [[The Museum Company]] (1999), [[Luna by Brio]] (2019)
 
** 128-129:  [[Champs Sports]] (2019)
 
** 128-129:  [[Champs Sports]] (2019)
*** 128: [[Lynn's Hallmark]] (1995)
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*** 128: [[Lynn's Hallmark]] (1993-1995)
*** 129: [[Lady Foot Locker]] (1995)
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*** 129: [[Lady Foot Locker]] (1993-1995)
 
** [[Arden B]] (2003-2012)
 
** [[Arden B]] (2003-2012)
 
** [[Banana Republic]] (1999-2012)
 
** [[Banana Republic]] (1999-2012)
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* Section E1
 
* Section E1
 
** 130-133: [[Abercrombie & Fitch]] (1999-2019)
 
** 130-133: [[Abercrombie & Fitch]] (1999-2019)
*** 130: [[D.J.'s]] (1995)
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*** 130: [[D.J.'s]] (1993-1995)
*** 131: [[Kinney Shoes]] (1995)
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*** 131: [[Kinney Shoes]] (1993-1995)
*** 132: [[Lane Bryant]] (1995)
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*** 132: [[Lane Bryant]] (1993-1995)
*** 133: [[Oh Wow!]] (1995)
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*** 133: [[Oh Wow!]] (1993-1995)
** 134: [[Lerner]] (1995)
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** 134: [[Lerner]] (1993-1995)
** 135: [[Hush Puppies Shoes]] (1995)
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** 135: [[Hush Puppies Shoes]] (1993-1995)
** 136: [[Lechhter's Housewares]] (1995)
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** 136: [[Lechhter's]] housewares (1993-1995)
 
** 137-139: [[City Gear]] (2019)
 
** 137-139: [[City Gear]] (2019)
*** 137: [[Circus World]] (1995), [[KB Toys]] (1999-2003)
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*** 137: [[Circus World]] (1993-1995), [[KB Toys]] (1999-2003)
 
** [[The Bean Bag]] (1999)
 
** [[The Bean Bag]] (1999)
 
** [[Claire's Boutique]] (2003)
 
** [[Claire's Boutique]] (2003)
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* [[JC Penney]] entrance
 
* [[JC Penney]] entrance
 
* Section F1
 
* Section F1
** 140-141: [[Docktor Pet Center]] (1995), [[Galleria Pet Center]] (1999-2003), [[Watches Unlimited]] (2012-2019)
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** 140-141: [[Docktor Pet Center]] (1993-1995), [[Galleria Pet Center]] (1999-2003), [[Watches Unlimited]] (2012-2019)
** 142: [[General Nutrition Center]] (1995-2012)
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** 142: [[General Nutrition Center]] (1993-2012)
 
** 143-146: [[House of Hoops]] (2019)
 
** 143-146: [[House of Hoops]] (2019)
*** 143: [[Foot Action]] (1995-2003)
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*** 143: [[Foot Action]] (1993-2003)
*** 144: [[Heart to Heart]] (1995)
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*** 144: [[Heart to Heart]] (1993-1995)
*** 145: [[Jarman Shoes]] (1995-1999)
+
*** 145: [[Jarman Shoes]] (1993-2003)
*** 146: [[A Beauty Store]] salon (1995)
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*** 146: [[A Beauty Store]] salon (1993-1995)
 
** [[Bare Essentials]] (2012)
 
** [[Bare Essentials]] (2012)
** [[Jarman Shoes]] (2003)
 
 
** [[Trade Secret]] (1999-2003)
 
** [[Trade Secret]] (1999-2003)
 
* [[Parisian]] entrance 1
 
* [[Parisian]] entrance 1
 
* Section G1
 
* Section G1
** 147: [[Silver Spoon Cafe]] (1995), [[Mozzarella's]] (1999), Riverchase Galleria management office (2019)
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** 147: [[Silver Spoon Cafe]] (1993-1995), [[Mozzarella's]] (1999), Riverchase Galleria management office (2019)
** 147A: [[High Country Outfitters]] (1995-2003), [[Mountain High Outfitters]] (2012-2019)
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** 147A: [[High Country Outfitters]] (1993-2003), [[Mountain High Outfitters]] (2012-2019)
** 148: [[Peanut Shack]] (1995)
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** 148: [[Peanut Shack]] (1993-1995)
** 149: [[Body Shop]] salon (1995-2003)
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** 149: [[Body Shop]] salon (1993-2003)
 
** 150:
 
** 150:
 
** 151-151A: [[Mountain High Outfitters]] (2018-2019)
 
** 151-151A: [[Mountain High Outfitters]] (2018-2019)
*** 151: [[Afterthoughts]] jewelers (1995-1998),
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*** 151: [[Afterthoughts]] jewelers (1993-1998)
*** 151A: [[Merle Norman]] (1995-2012)
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*** 151A: [[Merle Norman]] (1993-2012)
 
** [[American Café]] (2003)
 
** [[American Café]] (2003)
 
** [[Auntie Anne's]] pretzels (1999-2019)
 
** [[Auntie Anne's]] pretzels (1999-2019)
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** [[Watch World]] (1999)
 
** [[Watch World]] (1999)
 
* Section H1
 
* Section H1
** 152: [[Glamour Shots]] (1995)
+
** 152: [[Glamour Shots]] (1993-1995)
 
** 152A-154: [[Ishi?]] (2019)
 
** 152A-154: [[Ishi?]] (2019)
 
*** 153: [[Arzel]] formal wear (2019)
 
*** 153: [[Arzel]] formal wear (2019)
*** 154: [[Naturalizer]] / [[Natural Sport]] (1995)
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*** 154: [[Naturalizer]] / [[Natural Sport]] (1993-1995)
** 155: [[Banana Republic]] (1995-1999), [[Michael Kors]] (2019)
+
** 155: [[Banana Republic]] (1993-1999), [[Michael Kors]] (2019)
 
** [[Bebe]] (2003-2012)
 
** [[Bebe]] (2003-2012)
 
** [[Coach]] (1999-2012)
 
** [[Coach]] (1999-2012)
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** [[Raphael Galleries]] (1999-2003)
 
** [[Raphael Galleries]] (1999-2003)
 
* Section J1
 
* Section J1
** 157: [[Godiva Chocolatier]] (1995-2012)
+
** 157: [[Godiva Chocolatier]] (1993-2012)
** 157A: [[Barnie's Coffee & Tea Co.]] (1995-2003), [[Crown Jewels]] (2019)
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** 157A: [[Barnie's Coffee & Tea Co.]] (1993-2003), [[Crown Jewels]] (2019)
** 158D: [[Crackers]] (1995-1999), [[Sarku Japan]] (2003-2012), [[Suki Hana]] (2019)
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** 158D: [[Crackers]] (1993-1999), [[Sarku Japan]] (2003-2012), [[Suki Hana]] (2019)
** 158C: [[Sneaky Pete's]] (1995-2012), [[Kelly's Cajun Grill]] (2019)
+
** 158C: [[Sneaky Pete's]] (1993-2012), [[Kelly's Cajun Grill]] (2019)
 
** 158B: [[Chick-Fil-A]] (1986-2019)
 
** 158B: [[Chick-Fil-A]] (1986-2019)
** Food Court J: [[Taco Bell]] (1995-2003), [[Subway]] (2019)
+
** Food Court J: [[Taco Bell]] (1993-2003), [[Subway]] (2019)
** Food Court I:  [[Manchu Wok]] (1995-2012), [[Farmer's Basket]] (2019)
+
** Food Court I:  [[Manchu Wok]] (1993-2012), [[Farmer's Basket]] (2019)
 
** [[Abercrombie]] children's clothes (1999)
 
** [[Abercrombie]] children's clothes (1999)
 
** [[AT&T Store]] (2012)
 
** [[AT&T Store]] (2012)
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** 158A: [[Yielding]] (1995), [[Just For Feet]] (1999), [[Old Navy]] (2019)
 
** 158A: [[Yielding]] (1995), [[Just For Feet]] (1999), [[Old Navy]] (2019)
 
* Section J1 (continued)
 
* Section J1 (continued)
** Food Court H: [[Corn Dog 7]] (1995)
+
** Food Court H: [[Corn Dog 7]] (1993-1995)
** Food Court G: [[Sbarro]] (1995-2012), [[Villa Italian Kitchen]] (2019)
+
** Food Court G: [[Sbarro]] (1993-2012), [[Villa Italian Kitchen]] (2019)
** Food Court F: [[Wendy's]] (1995-1999), [[McDonald's]] (2003-2012)
+
** Food Court F: [[Wendy's]] (1993-1999), [[McDonald's]] (2003-2012)
** Food Court E: [[Wall Street Deli]] (1995-2003) / [[TCBY]] (1999-2003), [[McAlister's Select]] (2012), [[Charley's Philly Steaks]] (2019)
+
** Food Court E: [[Wall Street Deli]] (1993-2003) / [[TCBY]] (1999-2003), [[McAlister's Select]] (2012), [[Charley's Philly Steaks]] (2019)
** Food Court D: [[Yogurt & Salads]] (1995), [[Manchu Wok]] (2019)
+
** Food Court D: [[Yogurt & Salads]] (1993-1995), [[Manchu Wok]] (2019)
** Food Court C: [[Boardwalk Fries]] (1995-2003), [[Planet Smoothie]] (2012), [[Smoothie King]] (2019)
+
** Food Court C: [[Boardwalk Fries]] (1993-2003), [[Planet Smoothie]] (2012), [[Smoothie King]] (2019)
** Food Court B: [[Golden Greek]] (1995), [[Great Wraps]] (1999-2012), [[Sneaky Pete's]] (2019)
+
** Food Court B: [[Golden Greek]] (1993-1995), [[Great Wraps]] (1999-2012), [[Sneaky Pete's]] (2019)
** Food Court A: [[Häagen Dazs]] (1995-2019)
+
** Food Court A: [[Häagen Dazs]] (1993-2019)
 
** [[Bistro & Grill]] (2003-2012)
 
** [[Bistro & Grill]] (2003-2012)
 
** [[Great American Cookie Co.]] (2012)
 
** [[Great American Cookie Co.]] (2012)
 
** [[TJ's Sandwiches]] (2012)
 
** [[TJ's Sandwiches]] (2012)
 
* Section K1
 
* Section K1
** 159: [[Dolcis Shoes]] (1995), [[Clarks]] (2012-2019)
+
** 159: [[Dolcis Shoes]] (1993-1995), [[Clarks]] (2012-2019)
** 160: [[Candy Express]] (1995-2003), [[Swarovski]] (2012), [[Adore]]
+
** 160: [[Candy Express]] (1993-2003), [[Swarovski]] (2012), [[Adore]]
** 161: [[Regis Hairstylists]] (1995-2019)
+
** 161: [[Regis Hairstylists]] (1993-2019)
** 161A: [[Chic Wigs]] (1995-1999)
+
** 161A: [[Chic Wigs]] (1993-1999)
** 162: [[Alabama Outdoorsman]] (1995)
+
** 162: [[Alabama Outdoorsman]] (1993-1995)
 
** [[Golf America]] (1999)
 
** [[Golf America]] (1999)
 
** [[SAS Comfort Shoes]] (1999-2003)
 
** [[SAS Comfort Shoes]] (1999-2003)
 
* [[McRae's]] / [[Forever 21]] (2012-2019) entrance
 
* [[McRae's]] / [[Forever 21]] (2012-2019) entrance
 
* Section L1
 
* Section L1
** 164: [[The Nature Company]] (1995), [[P.S. from Aeropostale]] (2012), [[Vans]] shoes (2012-2019)
+
** 164: [[The Nature Company]] (1993-1995), [[P.S. from Aeropostale]] (2012), [[Vans]] shoes (2012-2019)
** 166: [[Chocolate Soup]] (1995-1999), [[LEGO store]] (July 30, 2009-January 31, 2020)
+
** 166: [[Chocolate Soup]] (1993-1999), [[LEGO store]] (July 30, 2009-January 31, 2020)
** 167: [[Brookstone]] (1995-2012), [[J & V Fashion]] (2015-2019)
+
** 167: [[Brookstone]] (1993-2012), [[J & V Fashion]] (2015-2019)
** 168: [[Giorgiou]] (1995), [[Destination Maternity]] (2019)
+
** 168: [[Georgiou]] (1993-1995), [[Destination Maternity]] (2019)
** 169: [[Lillie Rubin]] (1995), [[The Children's Place]] (2003-2019)
+
** 169: [[Lillie Rubin]] (1993-1995), [[The Children's Place]] (2003-2019)
 
** 170-176: [[H & M]] (2019)
 
** 170-176: [[H & M]] (2019)
 
*** 170: [[Bromberg's]] (1986-2010)
 
*** 170: [[Bromberg's]] (1986-2010)
*** 172: [[Brooks Brothers]] (1995-2010)
+
*** 172: [[Brooks Brothers]] (1993-2010)
*** 173: [[Musicland]] (1995)
+
*** 173: [[Musicland]] (1993-1995)
*** 174: [[Things Remembered]] (1995)
+
*** 174: [[Things Remembered]] (1993-1995)
*** 176: [[Champs Sports]] (1995)
+
*** 176: [[Champs Sports]] (1993-1995)
 
** [[Chico's]] (2003)
 
** [[Chico's]] (2003)
 
** [[Discovery Channel Store]] (1999)
 
** [[Discovery Channel Store]] (1999)
Line 307: Line 313:
 
* Section M1
 
* Section M1
 
** 177-179: [[Kirkland's]] (2019)
 
** 177-179: [[Kirkland's]] (2019)
*** 178: [[The Gap]] (1995)
+
*** 178: [[The Gap]] (1993-1995)
*** 179: [[Royal Oldsmobile]] (1995)
+
*** 179: [[Royal Oldsmobile]] (1993-1995)
 
** 180: [[Pacific Swimwear]] (1999-2003)
 
** 180: [[Pacific Swimwear]] (1999-2003)
 
** 181-182: [[Lane Bryant]] (1999-2019) / [[Cacique]] (2012-2019)
 
** 181-182: [[Lane Bryant]] (1999-2019) / [[Cacique]] (2012-2019)
Line 325: Line 331:
 
** 299: [[Rue21]] (2019)
 
** 299: [[Rue21]] (2019)
 
** 299D: [[LensCrafters]] (1999-2012)
 
** 299D: [[LensCrafters]] (1999-2012)
** 262-266: [[Express]] (1995-2012) / [[Express Men]] (2012)
+
** 262-266: [[Express]] (1993-2012) / [[Express Men]] (2012)
 
** [[Bookland]] (1999-2003)
 
** [[Bookland]] (1999-2003)
 
** [[Circuit City Express]] (1999-2003)
 
** [[Circuit City Express]] (1999-2003)
Line 332: Line 338:
 
* South Parking Deck entrance 1
 
* South Parking Deck entrance 1
 
* Section O2
 
* Section O2
** 267A: [[Cindy's Cinnamon Rolls]] (1995-2012)
+
** 267A: [[Cindy's Cinnamon Rolls]] (1993-2012)
** 267B-269: [[American Eagle Outfitters]] (1999-2012)
+
** 267B-269: [[American Eagle Outfitters]] (1999-2012)
*** 267B: [[Sports Fantasy]] (1995)
+
*** 267B: [[Sports Fantasy]] (1993-1995)
*** 268: [[T. Edwards]] (1995)
+
*** 268: [[T. Edwards]] (1993-1995)
*** 269: [[Net Works]] (1995)
+
*** 269: [[Net Works]] (1993-1995)
 
** 270-271: [[Earthbound Trading Co.]] (2019)
 
** 270-271: [[Earthbound Trading Co.]] (2019)
*** 270: [[The Bombay Company]] (19951-2003)
+
*** 270: [[The Bombay Company]] (1993-2003)
*** 271: [[Attivo]] (1995)
+
*** 271: [[Attivo]] (1993-1995)
** 272: [[Jobe Rose]] (1995), [[Kids Foot Locker]] (2019)
+
** 272: [[Jobe Rose]] (1993-1995), [[Kids Foot Locker]] (2019)
 
** 273: [[Pandora Jewelry]] (2019)
 
** 273: [[Pandora Jewelry]] (2019)
 
** [[Bailey Banks & Biddle]] (1999-2003)
 
** [[Bailey Banks & Biddle]] (1999-2003)
Line 349: Line 355:
 
* South Parking Deck entrance 2
 
* South Parking Deck entrance 2
 
* Section P2  
 
* Section P2  
** 274: [[Artcetera]] (1995)
+
** 274: [[Artcetera]] (1993-1995)
** 275: [[Accessory Lady]] (1995), [[Sleep Number]] (2019)
+
** 275: [[Accessory Lady]] (1993-1995), [[Sleep Number]] (2019)
** 276: [[Bath & Body]] (1995), [[The Walking Company]] (2012-2019)
+
** 276: [[Bath & Body]] (1993-1995), [[The Walking Company]] (2012-2019)
** 276A: [[Body Shop]] (1995), [[Campus Spirit]] (2019)
+
** 276A: [[Body Shop]] (1993-1995), [[Campus Spirit]] (2019)
** 277: [[Johnston & Murphy]] (1995-2012)
+
** 277: [[Johnston & Murphy]] (1993-2018)
** 278: [[Electronics Boutique]] (1995-2003)
+
** 278: [[Electronics Boutique]] (1993-2003)
 
** [[Aerosoles]] (1999-2003)
 
** [[Aerosoles]] (1999-2003)
 
** [[Arches Threading Lounge]] (2012)
 
** [[Arches Threading Lounge]] (2012)
Line 364: Line 370:
 
* [[Macy's]], [[Von Maur]] entrance, elevators
 
* [[Macy's]], [[Von Maur]] entrance, elevators
 
* Section Q2
 
* Section Q2
** 281: [[9 West]] (1995), [[Pop Cult]] (2015-)
+
** 281: [[9 West]] (1993-1995), [[Pop Cult]] (2015-)
 
** 282-283: [[Thrive Kids & Curvy]] (2019)
 
** 282-283: [[Thrive Kids & Curvy]] (2019)
*** 282: [[San Francisco Music Box Company]] (1995-1999)
+
*** 282: [[San Francisco Music Box Company]] (1993-1999)
*** 283: [[Wicks 'N Sticks]] (1995-2003)
+
*** 283: [[Wicks 'N Sticks]] (1993-2003)
** 284: [[Webster Men's Wear]] (1995), [[Thrive Boutique]] (2019)
+
** 284: [[Webster Men's Wear]] (1993-1995), [[Thrive Boutique]] (2019)
** 285: [[Merry-Go-Round]] (1995), [[True Religion]] (2018-2019)
+
** 285: [[Merry-Go-Round]] (1993-1995), [[True Religion]] (2018-2019)
** 286: [[August Max Woman]] (1995-2003), [[Skechers]] (2012-2019)
+
** 286: [[August Max Woman]] (1993-2003), [[Skechers]] (2012-2019)
 
** [[All Wound Up]] (1999)
 
** [[All Wound Up]] (1999)
 
** [[Bakers Shoes]] (2012)
 
** [[Bakers Shoes]] (2012)
Line 379: Line 385:
 
* North Parking Deck entrance 1
 
* North Parking Deck entrance 1
 
* Section R2
 
* Section R2
** 288: [[Lorch Diamond Center]] (1995), [[Monogram by Logo Express]] (2019)
+
** 288: [[Lorch Diamond Center]] (1993-1995), [[Monogram by Logo Express]] (2019)
** 289: [[Ormond]] (1995), [[Mint Leafe Boutique]] (2019)
+
** 289: [[Ormond]] (1993-1995), [[Mint Leafe Boutique]] (2019)
 
** 290-291: [[Buckle]] (1999-2019)
 
** 290-291: [[Buckle]] (1999-2019)
*** 290: [[Foot Locker]] (1995)
+
*** 290: [[Foot Locker]] (1993-1995)
*** 291: [[Sound Shop]] (1995)
+
*** 291: [[Sound Shop]] (1993-1995)
** 292: [[Radio Shack]] (1995-2012), [[K's Formal]] (2019)
+
** 292: [[Radio Shack]] (1993-2012), [[K's Formal]] (2019)
** 293: [[Bookland]] (1995), [[Superior]] (2018-2019)
+
** 293: [[Bookland]] (1993-1995), [[Superior]] (2018-2019)
** 294: [[Spencer Gifts]] (1995-2019)
+
** 294: [[Spencer Gifts]] (1993-2019)
 
| valign="top" |
 
| valign="top" |
 
** [[Blu Spero]] (2015-)
 
** [[Blu Spero]] (2015-)
Line 397: Line 403:
 
* Section S2
 
* Section S2
 
** 295-296: [[Foot Locker]] (2012), [[Footaction]] (2019)
 
** 295-296: [[Foot Locker]] (2012), [[Footaction]] (2019)
*** 295: [[Payless Shoe Source]] (1995)
+
*** 295: [[Payless Shoe Source]] (1993-1995)
 
*** 296:
 
*** 296:
 
** [[Sound Shop]] (1999-2003)
 
** [[Sound Shop]] (1999-2003)
 
* [[JC Penney entrance]]
 
* [[JC Penney entrance]]
 
* Section T2
 
* Section T2
** 201: [[Babbage's]] (1995-2003), [[Game Stop]] (2012-2019)
+
** 201: [[Babbage's]] (1993-2003), [[Game Stop]] (2012-2019)
** 202: [[Wolf Camera]] (1995-2003), [[iFixandRepair]] (2019)
+
** 202: [[Wolf Camera]] (1993-2003), [[iFixandRepair]] (2019)
** 203: [[Stampede]] (1995-2003), [[Lids]] (2012-2019)
+
** 203: [[Stampede]] (1993-2003), [[Lids]] (2012-2019)
** 204: [[Lemstone Books|Lemstone Book Branch]] (1995)
+
** 204: [[Lemstone Books|Lemstone Book Branch]] (1993-1995)
** 205: [[Calhoun's Stride Rite]] (1995), [[Claire's]] (2012-2019)
+
** 205: [[Calhoun's Stride Rite]] (1993-1995), [[Claire's]] (2012-2019)
 
** 206-206A: [[Journeys]] (2003-2019)
 
** 206-206A: [[Journeys]] (2003-2019)
** 206: [[Intrigue]] (1995}
+
** 206: [[Intrigue]] (1993-1995}
** 206A: [[Sno Biz]] (1995)
+
** 206A: [[Sno Biz]] (1993-1995)
 
** [[Afterthoughts]] jewelers (1999)
 
** [[Afterthoughts]] jewelers (1999)
 
** [[The Icing]] (2003)
 
** [[The Icing]] (2003)
Line 417: Line 423:
 
* Section U2  
 
* Section U2  
 
** 207-208: [[Rainbow]] (2019)
 
** 207-208: [[Rainbow]] (2019)
*** 208: [[Ann Taylor]] (1995-2003)
+
*** 208: [[Ann Taylor]] (1993-2003)
** 210: [[Christie's Pals]] (1995), [[Brow & Lash Bar]] (2019)
+
** 210: [[Christie's Pals]] (1993-1995), [[Brow & Lash Bar]] (2019)
** 211: [[MasterCuts]] (1995-2012)
+
** 211: [[MasterCuts]] (1993-2012)
 
** [[Cellular Sales]] (2012)
 
** [[Cellular Sales]] (2012)
 
** [[Kidoodles]] (1999)
 
** [[Kidoodles]] (1999)
 
* [[Parisian]] / [[Belk]] south entrance
 
* [[Parisian]] / [[Belk]] south entrance
 
* Section V2
 
* Section V2
** 212: [[Sunglass Company]] (1995), [[Sunglass Hut]] (1999-2003)
+
** 212: [[Sunglass Company]] (1993-1995), [[Sunglass Hut]] (1999-2003)
** 215: [[Belden Jewelers]] (1995), [[Kay Jewelers]] (2003-2019)
+
** 215: [[Belden Jewelers]] (1993-1995), [[Kay Jewelers]] (2003-2019)
** 216: [[Original Chocolate Chip Cookie Co.]] (1995), [[Great American Cookie Co.]] (1999-2019)
+
** 216: [[Original Chocolate Chip Cookie Co.]] (1993-1995), [[Great American Cookie Co.]] (1999-2019)
** 217: [[Custom Shop Shirtmakers]] (1995-1999)
+
** 217: [[Custom Shop Shirtmakers]] (1993-1999)
 
** 218: [[Yankee Candle]] (2003-2019)
 
** 218: [[Yankee Candle]] (2003-2019)
** 219: [[Laura Ashley]] (1995), [[Hot Topic]] (2019)
+
** 219: [[Laura Ashley]] (1993-1995), [[Hot Topic]] (2019)
** 220: [[Laura Ashley Mother & Child]] (1995), [[Torrid]] (2019)
+
** 220: [[Laura Ashley Mother & Child]] (1993-1995), [[Torrid]] (2019)
** 221: [[Designs]] / Levi Strauss & Co. (1995), [[Aéropostale]] (2003-209)
+
** 221: [[Designs]] / Levi Strauss & Co. (1993-1995), [[Aéropostale]] (2003-209)
 
** 223-225: [[J. Jill]] (2003-2019)
 
** 223-225: [[J. Jill]] (2003-2019)
*** 223: [[Pearle Vision Express]] (1995)
+
*** 223: [[Pearle Vision Express]] (1993-1995)
*** 225: [[Bama Fever]] (1995-2012)
+
*** 225: [[Bama Fever]] (1993-2012)
** 226: [[J. Blackburn & Co.]] (1995), [[Galleria Nails]] (2019)
+
** 226: [[J. Blackburn & Co.]] tobacconists (1993-1995), [[Galleria Nails]] (2019)
** 226A: [[Norton's Florist]] (1995)
+
** 226A: [[Norton's Florist]] (1993-1995)
 
** [[Abercrombie]] children's clothes (2003-2012)
 
** [[Abercrombie]] children's clothes (2003-2012)
 
** [[Lotus Boutique]] (2008-2012)
 
** [[Lotus Boutique]] (2008-2012)
Line 447: Line 453:
 
* Hotel entrance
 
* Hotel entrance
 
* Section W2
 
* Section W2
** 227C: [[Norris Jewelers]] (1995), [[Comfort Zone]] (2019)
+
** 227C: [[Norris Jewelers]] (1993-1995), [[Comfort Zone]] (2019)
** 228: [[McMillan's Big & Tall]] (1995-2016)
+
** 228: [[McMillan's Big & Tall]] (1986-2019)
 
** 230-232: [[Bath & Body Works]] (2012-2019)  
 
** 230-232: [[Bath & Body Works]] (2012-2019)  
*** 230: [[Deck the Walls]] (1995)
+
*** 230: [[Deck the Walls]] (1993-1995)
*** 231: [[Amy's Hallmark]] (1995)
+
*** 231: [[Amy's Hallmark]] (1993-1995)
 
** 234-235: [[Zumiez]] (2019)
 
** 234-235: [[Zumiez]] (2019)
*** 234: [[Petite Sophisticate]] (1995-2003)
+
*** 234: [[Petite Sophisticate]] (1993-2003)
*** 235: [[Monie's]] (1995)
+
*** 235: [[Monie's]] (1993-1995)
** 236: [[Connie Shoes]] (1995)
+
** 236: [[Connie Shoes]] (1993-1995)
** 236A: [[Cutlery World]] (1995), [[Cutlery Corner]] (1999), [[Sunglass Hut]] (2019)
+
** 236A: [[Cutlery World]] (1993-1995), [[Cutlery Corner]] (1999), [[Sunglass Hut]] (2019)
** 237: [[Whitehall Jewelers]] (1995-2003)
+
** 237: [[Whitehall Jewelers]] (1993-2003)
** 238: [[Mitchell's Formal Wear]] (1995-1999), [[After Hours Formalwear]] (2003)
+
** 238: [[Mitchell's Formal Wear]] (1993-1999), [[After Hours Formalwear]] (2003)
 
| valign="top" |
 
| valign="top" |
 
** 239-239A: [[Brows Threading & Waxing]] (2019)
 
** 239-239A: [[Brows Threading & Waxing]] (2019)
** 239: [[Monograms Plus]] (1995)
+
** 239: [[Monograms Plus]] (1993-1995)
 
** [[Aldo Shoes]] (2012)
 
** [[Aldo Shoes]] (2012)
 
** [[Bath & Body at Home]] (1999-2003)
 
** [[Bath & Body at Home]] (1999-2003)
Line 475: Line 481:
 
* Section X2
 
* Section X2
 
** 240-241: [[Pearle Vision Express]] (1999-2019)
 
** 240-241: [[Pearle Vision Express]] (1999-2019)
** 242: [[Claire's Boutique]] (1995-2003)
+
*** 241: [[AT&T Store]] (1995)
** 243: [[Florsheim Shoes]] (1995), [[Teavana]] (2012-2018),  [[Kokee Tea]] (2019)
+
** 242: [[Claire's Boutique]] (1993-2003)
 +
** 243: [[Florsheim Shoes]] (1993-1995), [[Teavana]] (2012-2018),  [[Kokee Tea]] (2019)
 
** 244-247: [[The Gap]] (2012)
 
** 244-247: [[The Gap]] (2012)
*** 244: [[Casual Corner]] (1995-2003)
+
*** 244: [[Casual Corner]] (1993-2003)
*** 246: [[Kirkland's]] (1995-2003)
+
*** 246: [[Kirkland's]] gifts (1993-2003)
*** 247: [[Video Concepts]] (1995)
+
*** 247: [[Video Concepts]] (1993-1995)
** 248: [[Golbro]] (1995), [[Zales]] (1999-2012)
+
** 248: [[Golbro]] (1993-1995), [[Zales]] (1999-2012)
** 249: [[Page Boy Maternity]] (1995)
+
** 249: [[Page Boy Maternity]] (1993-1995)
** 250: [[Great Expectations]] (1995)
+
** 250: [[Great Expectations]] (1993-1995)
 
** 251: [[Diamond Jim's Arcade|Diamond Jim's]] video arcade (1986–1995 or later)
 
** 251: [[Diamond Jim's Arcade|Diamond Jim's]] video arcade (1986–1995 or later)
 
** [[Atlanta Bread Co.]] (1999)
 
** [[Atlanta Bread Co.]] (1999)
Line 492: Line 499:
 
* Upper parking entrance
 
* Upper parking entrance
 
* Section Y2
 
* Section Y2
** 252: [[Ruby Tuesday]] restaurant (1995-2012)
+
** 252: [[Ruby Tuesday]] restaurant (1993-2012)
 
** 253-254: [[Arzel]] formal wear (2019)
 
** 253-254: [[Arzel]] formal wear (2019)
*** 254: [[G. H. Bass Shoes]] (1995)
+
*** 254: [[G. H. Bass Shoes]] (1993-1995)
 
** 255-258: [[Hollister Co.]] (2012-2019)
 
** 255-258: [[Hollister Co.]] (2012-2019)
*** 255: [[Rolling Pin]] (1995-1999)
+
*** 255: [[Rolling Pin]] (1993-1999)
*** 256: [[Rosenberger's Birmingham Trunk]] (1980s-2006)
+
*** 256: [[Rosenberger's Birmingham Trunk]] (1986-2006)
*** 257: [[The Mole Hole]] (1995-2003)
+
*** 257: [[The Mole Hole]] (1993-2003)
 
** [[Helzberg Diamonds]] (November 1, 2007-2012)
 
** [[Helzberg Diamonds]] (November 1, 2007-2012)
 
** [[Jessica McClintock]] (2003)
 
** [[Jessica McClintock]] (2003)
Line 505: Line 512:
 
* Section Z2
 
* Section Z2
 
** 259-261: [[Sephora]] (May 5, 2006-2019)
 
** 259-261: [[Sephora]] (May 5, 2006-2019)
*** 259: [[Coin Gallery]] (1995)
+
*** 259: [[Coin Gallery]] (1993-1995)
*** 260: [[KB Toys]] (1995)
+
*** 260: [[KB Toys]] (1993-1995)
 
** 299A: [[Rack Room Shoes]] (1999-2012)
 
** 299A: [[Rack Room Shoes]] (1999-2012)
 
** [[Amy's Hallmark]] (1999-2012)
 
** [[Amy's Hallmark]] (1999-2012)
Line 521: Line 528:
 
** 3230: [[CompUSA]] / [[Sears Tire Center]] (1995-2003), [[Earth Fare]] (2015)
 
** 3230: [[CompUSA]] / [[Sears Tire Center]] (1995-2003), [[Earth Fare]] (2015)
 
** 3232:
 
** 3232:
*** 100: [[Johnny Rockets]] (1995-2018), [[Hwy 55]] (2018)
+
*** 100: [[Johnny Rockets]] (1995-2018), [[Hwy 55]] (2018), [[Eugene's Hot Chicken]] (October 2020–)
 
*** 102-104: [[BellSouth Mobility]] / [[Powertel]] (1995), [[Cingular]] (2003), [[AT&T Store]] (2011-2016)
 
*** 102-104: [[BellSouth Mobility]] / [[Powertel]] (1995), [[Cingular]] (2003), [[AT&T Store]] (2011-2016)
 
**** 104: [[Philly Connection]] (1995)
 
**** 104: [[Philly Connection]] (1995)
Line 552: Line 559:
 
* "[http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Riverchase_Galleria Riverchase Galleria]" (December 21, 2009) Wikipedia - accessed January 21, 2010
 
* "[http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Riverchase_Galleria Riverchase Galleria]" (December 21, 2009) Wikipedia - accessed January 21, 2010
 
* Walton, Val (September 26, 2010) "Hoover studying convention center plan for old Macy's space at Riverchase Galleria." {{BN}}
 
* Walton, Val (September 26, 2010) "Hoover studying convention center plan for old Macy's space at Riverchase Galleria." {{BN}}
* Azok, Dawn Kent (August 8, 2013) "[https://www.al.com/business/2013/08/new_forever_21_store_to_open_a.html New Forever 21 store to open Aug. 17 at the Riverchase Galleria]." {{BN}}
+
* Azok, Dawn Kent (November 14, 2012) "Riverchase Galleria's carousel set for major overhaul." {{BN}}
 +
* Azok, Dawn Kent (August 6, 2013) "Riverchase Galleria's restored carousel to reopen this weekend with free rides." {{BN}}
 
* Azok, Dawn Kent (November 4, 2013) "Cost of the Riverchase Galleria's redevelopment to top $100 million; more new stores on the way." {{BN}}
 
* Azok, Dawn Kent (November 4, 2013) "Cost of the Riverchase Galleria's redevelopment to top $100 million; more new stores on the way." {{BN}}
 
* Steere, Tim (November 10, 2016) "Riverchase Galleria appoints new general manager." {{BBJ}}
 
* Steere, Tim (November 10, 2016) "Riverchase Galleria appoints new general manager." {{BBJ}}
 
* Skaggs, Heather Jones (2016) ''Riverchase''; Charleston, SC: Arcadia Publishing. ISBN 1467117404
 
* Skaggs, Heather Jones (2016) ''Riverchase''; Charleston, SC: Arcadia Publishing. ISBN 1467117404
 
* Anderson, Jon (March 25, 2019) "[http://hooversun.com/news/records-indicate-sales-dip-at-galleria-campus325/ Records indicate sales dip at Galleria campus in 2018]" ''Hoover Sun''
 
* Anderson, Jon (March 25, 2019) "[http://hooversun.com/news/records-indicate-sales-dip-at-galleria-campus325/ Records indicate sales dip at Galleria campus in 2018]" ''Hoover Sun''
 +
* Dunigan, Jonece Starr (May 5, 2020) "Riverchase Galleria, Alabama’s largest shopping mall, opens after nearly two months." {{BN}}
 +
* Thornton, William (July 17, 2020) "Gun-sniffing dogs, more police coming to Riverchase Galleria." {{BN}}
  
 
== External links ==
 
== External links ==
 
{{Locate | lat= 33.379474 | lon=-86.808343 | zoom=16 | type=h }}
 
{{Locate | lat= 33.379474 | lon=-86.808343 | zoom=16 | type=h }}
 
* [http://www.riverchasegalleria.com Riverchase Galleria] website
 
* [http://www.riverchasegalleria.com Riverchase Galleria] website
* [http://www.ggp.com/Properties/MallDirectory.aspx?smuid=719 Riverchase Galleria leasing info] at generalgrowth.com
+
* [https://www.brookfieldpropertiesretail.com/properties/property-details/riverchase-galleria.html Riverchase Galleria] at brookfieldpropertiesretail.com
 +
* [https://cmharch.com/work/riverchase-galleria-renovation/ Riverchase Galleria renovation] at cmharch.com
 
* [http://sketchup.google.com/3dwarehouse/details?mid=dfa6b0b5ca97bdf9c8c59bc53bd5954c 3-D model] of the Riverchase Galleria by Jordan Herring
 
* [http://sketchup.google.com/3dwarehouse/details?mid=dfa6b0b5ca97bdf9c8c59bc53bd5954c 3-D model] of the Riverchase Galleria by Jordan Herring
 +
* [http://digital.archives.alabama.gov/digital/collection/photo/search/searchterm/Galleria Photographs] of the Riverchase Galleria at digital.archives.alabama.gov
  
 
[[Category:Riverchase Galleria|*]]
 
[[Category:Riverchase Galleria|*]]
 
[[Category:1986 buildings]]
 
[[Category:1986 buildings]]

Latest revision as of 06:59, 7 October 2020

The Galleria in August 2009
The Galleria's atrium in December 2013

The Riverchase Galleria, locally known as The Galleria, is a large, super–regional shopping mall Hoover. It is managed and partially owned by General Growth Properties and is Alabama's largest enclosed shopping center with 1.9 million square feet of total retail floor area. Its 218 stores and restaurants are also one of the state's most popular tourist destinations, attracting customers from neighboring states. During 2008 the mall reported 15 million shoppers, making it Alabama's busiest shopping center. The mall's general manager is Mike White.

Located on U.S. Highway 31 between Interstate 459 and Alabama State Highway 150, the Riverchase Galleria complex includes the two-level Galleria Mall, the 15-story, 330-room Hyatt Regency hotel, and the 14-story, 275,000 square foot "Galleria Tower" office building (now called the Offices at 3000 RiverChase), both accessible from the mall's central atrium. The Galleria is part of the Riverchase planned development, including a residential community and a business community located in the southern part of the city of Hoover. The style of the Riverchase Galleria is modeled after the Houston Galleria and is notable for having the "world's longest skylight" at 200 feet.

History

Swan signs originally located at the entrances to the Riverchase Galleria
The central fountain and elevators to the tower lobby, c. 1995

In 1975 a deal was announced between Harbert Corporation and the Equitable Life Insurance Company, the developers of Riverchase, and the Rouse Company of Baltimore, Maryland. The announcement forecast a $30 million, 850,000 square foot Riverchase Mall on the 70-acre site.

On June 5, 1985, during the final construction phase, a fire broke out on the roof of the mall's office tower, causing extensive damage to the roof and the top floors of the tower. It was determined that the fire was caused by a hot tar roofing kettle.

The Galleria was eventually developed by Jim Wilson & Associates and opened on February 19, 1986. Initially 1,200,000 square feet with four anchor stores — two Birmingham-based chains, Parisian and Pizitz — along with Rich's and J. C. Penney. In March 1987, the mall added its first Macy's store at center court, marking the company's first store in Alabama. Within the same year, the Pizitz chain was acquired by McRae's of Jackson, Mississippi, and subsequently renamed. In 1995 Parisian expanded their store by almost two-thirds, while in 1996 Sears and a new wing were added, making Riverchase Galleria a total 1.9 million square feet in size. The expansion made it the largest mixed-use project in the Southeast, and one of the top 10 largest mixed-use projects in the United States. The mall was renovated in 1998 and again in 2001. An inscribed floor tile was installed near the atrium elevators to mark the completion of the 2001 renovation.

In 2003, the mall began to feel the effects of department store consolidation when the Macy's anchor store closed, while the Rich's location was renamed Rich's-Macy's. Following the closure of the original Macy's location, the property was sold to Saks Incorporated, by then the parent of both McRae's and Parisian. Saks kept the west side anchor space vacant for more than a year before reopening the extensively renovated store in October 2004 under its Proffitt's division, giving the company three different anchors at Riverchase. On March 6, 2005, the Rich's-Macy's store was officially rechristened as Macy's. Later in 2005, Saks sold its Proffitt's division — including most of the McRae's chain — to Belk. As a result, Saks closed the 131,000 sq ft McRae's store. Belk dissolved the separate Proffitt's organization, and on March 8, 2006 (almost exactly one year following the Rich's conversion) the Proffitt's store at Riverchase became the mall's first Belk store.

In late 2003, Jim Wilson & Associates sold 50% of the Galleria to General Growth Properties, which assumed management control. General Growth also owns Century Plaza in Birmingham. Sam Warbington became the mall's general manager on March 17, 2008, having previously managed Brookwood Village. Warbington was succeeded by Mike White in November 2016.

In 2006, Belk acquired the Parisian store chain from Saks Incorporated. Additionally, the former Pizitz/McRae's location simultaneously became available for occupancy. The store had remained vacant since the 2005 closure of McRae's as a result of a lawsuit between the Pizitz family (which had retained ownership of the store real estate after its sale in 1987) and Saks Inc. (which inherited the lease obligations of its defunct McRae's operation). As part of its merger of the Parisian stores into its operations, Belk closed its location in the original Macy's space in favor of the former Parisian. The upper level of the former Pizitz/McRae's has since been converted to a Belk Home & Children's Store, with its grand opening held on November 14, 2007.

On November 30, 2007 the Galleria announced that the Seattle, Washington-based Nordstrom department store planned to open their first Alabama location in the mall in 2012. That plan was canceled in 2009 as General Growth Properties reorganized under bankruptcy.

In 2010, the City of Hoover commissioned a study to determine if it were feasible to construct a small convention center, with 100,000 square feet of meeting rooms, a 25,000 square-foot exhibition hall, and a 2,000-seat theater which could also be used for Hoover City Schools programs, in the original Macy's anchor location on the mall's west side.

That plan was set aside as Davenport, Iowa-based Von Maur proposed to occupy the former Macy's site. More than $100 million was spent renovating and refurbishing the property for Von Maur, which opened on November 2, 2013, and other new tenants. CMH Architects designed the renovations, which included the installation of large fabric "sails" stretched beneath the atrium skylights and lit with color-changing LEDs.

The Galleria shut down for several weeks in March and April 2020 during government-mandated social distancing due to the Coronavirus pandemic.

Galleria map.png

Layout

The Galleria is generally rectangular and tilted slightly northwest of a north-south axis along its length. J. C. Penney has occupied the north end anchor space since the mall opened in 1986. At the south end the mall splits along a diagonal into two more anchor spaces, a closer one to the southeast and slightly farther one to the southwest. The southwest anchor is part of the aforementioned mall expansion added in 1996.

A carousel is located in the food court in the central atrium. Originally the carousel was dismantled for part of the year, with foliage and a fountain in its place, and reassembled for the holiday season. Since 2013 the carousel, refurbished and updated, has been a permanent fixture. Occasionally, the traditional carousel animals are replaced with reindeer for the holiday season.

In the middle of the eastern side is a Hyatt Regency Hotel (formerly the Wynfrey Hotel) with anchor store spaces abutting the north and south sides of it. Across from the hotel, the Offices at 3000 RiverChase office tower rises in the middle of the western side with another anchor space extending to the west of it. A 2,798-space parking deck lies to the north of this anchor while a 2,915-space parking deck lies to the south. A U-shaped ramp surrounds the anchor, providing automobiles direct access to both the main level of the office tower (above the mall's upper level) and the top levels of the two parking decks.

Most of the mall entrances are provided through the anchor stores or via the multiple pedestrian bridges from the parking decks which connect to the mall's upper level and the anchor store between the decks. The mall can also be accessed directly from the hotel and via elevator from the tower. There is a single entrance going directly from the parking lot to the mall's interior between the hotel and the southeast anchor.

The area immediately surrounding the mall is all parking lot surrounded by a road known as Galleria Circle. Along the outer perimeter of Galleria Circle are a series of outparcels occupied by restaurants and retailers. The parking lot surrounding the mall and two parking decks give the center over 10,000 total parking spaces.

Access

When it opened in 1986, access to the Galleria was limited to three entrances on U.S. Highway 31 and two on Alabama State Highway 150. The mall's opening led to frequent congestion at the nearby I-459/Highway 31 intersection on both roadways. Proposals for an additional exit going directly to the Galleria were made as early as 1994. Construction finally began in 2000 and the exit, including the Galleria Boulevard flyover, opened in late 2002. Galleria Boulevard runs north-south just to the west of the Galleria, between it and the adjacent Patton Creek Shopping Center, which was built in 2003.

Security

On Thanksgiving evening, November 23, 2017 a fight broke out between two women on the mall's upper level. The disturbance led the mall to close 40 minutes early. A year later, also on Thanksgiving, November 22, 2018, two people were wounded in a shooting and Hoover Police Department officers shot and killed another man. The circumstances surrounding the police-involved shooting led activist groups to hold demonstrations at the mall and to promote an economic boycott of all Hoover businesses.

A man was shot to death in a vehicle in the north parking deck on June 26, 2019 during a robbery staged at a planned drug transaction. On July 3, 2020, an 8-year-old boy was killed and three others wounded in a shootout near the mall's food court.

Those shootings prompted Brookfield Properties to upgrade its security efforts, including improved cameras and communications equipment, and the use of "gun-sniffing" dogs. In addition, the Hoover Police Department reopened its Galleria Substation and added extra patrols.

Tenants

Anchors

Location Current store Square footage History
North end J.C. Penney 135,163 Opened February 1986.
East side, north Belk 203,500 Opened February 1986 as Parisian, converted September 2007 to Belk.
West side Von Maur 255,000 Opened April 1987 as Macy's, closed April 2003 after acquisition of Rich's. Opened October 2004 as Proffitt's, purchased 2005 by Belk, converted March 2006 to Belk, moved September 2007. Remained vacant until Von Maur opened in November 2013.
East side, south (See next rows.) 131,000 Opened February 1986 as Pizitz, acquired by and renamed 1987 to McRae's, closed 2005. Split into separate spaces on each level in 2007.
East side, south, upper level Belk Home 65,000 Opened November 2007.
East side, south, lower level Forever 21 66,500 Opened August 2013.
Southeast end Macy's 220,000 Opened February 1986 as Rich's, renamed February 2003 to Rich's-Macy's, renamed March 2005 to Macy's.
Southwest end vacant 150,000 Opened 1996 as Sears during a mall expansion. Closed October 2019
Riverchase Galleria Anchor Store Timeline
Location 1980s 1990s 2000s 2010s 2020s
6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0
North JCPenney
West Macy's Proffitt's Belk Von Maur
East-North Parisian Belk
East-South Pizitz McRae's Belk Home (upper level)
Forever 21 (lower level)
Southeast Rich's Rich's-Macy's Macy's
Southwest unbuilt Sears

Main level

Upper level

Outparcels

References

External links

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