1770 was 101 years before the founding of the City of Birmingham.
- April 18: Pioneer settler William "Silver Dollar Billy" Reed was born in Guilford County, North Carolina.
In 1770, the Russo-Turkish War continued. Eleven Americans were shot, five fatally, by British troops in the Boston Massacre. Captain James Cook and his crew aboard HMS Endeavour completed the circumnavigation of New Zealand and became the first Europeans to explore the eastern cost of Australia. Marie Antoinette married Louis-Auguste (who later becomes King Louis XVI of France).
Notable births in 1770 included poet William Wordsworth, explorer David Thompson, explorer William Clark, and composer Ludwig van Beethoven. Notable deaths included painter François Boucher, poet Thomas Chatterton (suicide), and mathematician James Stirling.
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