- John Williams Walker received a degree from Princeton University.
In 1809, James Madison succeeded Thomas Jefferson as President. Ecuador declared independence from Spain. The Finnish War between Sweden and Russia ended.
Notable births in 1809 included inventor Louis Braille; writer Edgar Allan Poe; composer Felix Mendelssohn; President Abraham Lincoln; naturalist Charles Darwin; poet Alfred, Lord Tennyson; physican and poet Oliver Wendell Holmes, Sr; and frontiersman Kit Carson. Notable deaths included composer Joseph Haydn, revolutionary writer Thomas Paine, manufacturer Matthew Boulton, and explorer Meriwether Lewis.
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