1918 was the 47th year after the founding of the city of Birmingham.
- February 12: Central High School burned down.
- The first Birmingham magazine was published.
- May 2: Aviator James Meissner scored his first aerial kill, earning the Distinguished Service Cross and the Croix de Guerre.
- May 10: The formerly private East Lake Park was dedicated as a public park.
- May 19: The Steel Cities Chemical Company Ensley plant was destroyed by fire.
- Camp Winnataska was founded by the Birmingham Sunday School Association.
- October 7–12: 1918 Alabama State Fair
- October 9: The Lincoln Branch of Birmingham Public Library opened to black patrons
- October: The 1918 influenza pandemic hit Birmingham, causing hundreds of deaths.
- December 3: Capitol Park was renamed in honor of President Woodrow Wilson.
- Powderly Elementary School was destroyed by fire.
- The Labuco Post Office was established.
- January 1: The Connors Steel Company was organized.
- Joe Goldstein opened the first New Williams store on 3rd Avenue North
- Lauren Bloch bought the Parisian department store.
- Drilling of the vertical shaft Pyne Mine began.
- Construction of the North Birmingham By Products Coke Oven Plant began.
- Jefferson Peek sold the Rye-Ola Company to Ben Barbour and Harry Speaker.
- The Motlow Distilling Company closed in advance of national prohibition.
- First National Bank of Pell City was renamed Union State Bank.
- The Birmingham Railway, Light & Power Company was forced into receivership.
- The Wide-Awake ceased publication.
- Thompson's Cafeteria opened in the Nabers, Morrow & Sinnige building on 20th Street North.
- The Southern Railroad opened a Railroad Fuel Company coal mine in the vicinity of Parrish.
- The architectural firm of Salie and Mewhinney split.
- James Forman joined the firm of Percy, Benners & Burr.
- May 30: The Birmingham College and Southern University were merged into Birmingham-Southern College.
- April 30: The Town of Wilton was incorporated.
- Tarrant City was incorporated.
- The Birmingham Branch of the Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta was established.
- The Jefferson County Medical Milk Commission was established.
- March 9: LeRoy Percy joined the U.S. Army Signal Corps.
- July 24: Satchel Paige was transferred from Councill School to the Industrial School for Negro Children in Mount Meigs for shoplifting and truancy.
- September 1: Joseph Ware succeeded Wilmer Poyner as rector of St Andrew's Episcopal Church.
- December 6: Robert Brown was elected president of the American Association of Fairs and Expositions.
- Jacob Mendelsohn succeeded A. Feinsilver as rabbi of Knesseth Israel Congregation.
- W. A. Withington succeeded T. J. Cason as Mayor of Leeds.
- James T. Miller succeeded David Pegues Jr as pastor of Trinity Methodist Church (Southside).
- Wallace Wade began his coaching career at Fitzgerald and Clarke Military School in Tullahoma, Tennessee.
- William McQueen became was named president of the Sloss-Sheffield Steel & Iron Company.
- Ted Brownell was elected president of the newly-organized Birmingham Motor Trades Association.
- February 22: Charlie Finley, Major League Baseball executive
- February 23: Jim Carlin, Major League Baseball player
- March 11: Lyman Bostock Sr, Birmingham Black Barons infielder
- March 12: Joseph Vath, Bishop of Birmingham
- March 13: John Rhoden, sculptor
- March 22: A. H. Woodward Jr, Woodward Iron Company executive
- May 6: Henrietta Boggs-MacGuire, First Lady of Costa Rica
- May 14: Wimpy Quinn, Major League Baseball player
- June 2: Kathryn Tucker Windham, writer and storyteller
- June 6: Jean Glenn, librarian
- June 14: Andrew Hodges, insurance executive and Operation New Birmingham president
- June 29: J. D. Hill, grocer
- July 25: Herman Frank Cash, truck driver and bombing suspect
- August 18: Hank Penny, musician and entertainer
- August 24: Marion Yester, dental prosthetist
- August 27: Jack Meyer, hotel executive
- September 1: James Martin, U.S. Representative
- September 9: Colonel Stone Johnson, Union leader, Civil Rights activist and guard
- October 21: Alvin Vogtle, CEO of Southern Company
- October 22: Harry Walker, Major League Baseball player and manager
- November 1: Arris Jebeles, restaurateur
- November 8: Michael Matsos, restaurateur
- November 2: Bill Cather, president of the A. H. Cather Publishing Company
- December 3: Marie Jemison essayist and Birmingham Public Library director
- December 11: Elmer Moree, school administrator
- Willie Brantley, voting rights activist
- Ken Faulkner, department store manager
- James Kidd Jr, president of Sunnyland Refining Company
- Charles Patrick, mail carrier, furnace worker and cook
- Joe Rhodes, police sergeant and chaplain
- J. P. Rotton Jr, wholesale grocer and racing promoter
- James Walbert, Gospel composer and arranger
- Clarence Allgood graduated from Ensley High School.
- Blanche Dean earned a teaching certificate at Valparaiso University.
- Luther Patrick completed his law degree at the University of Alabama School of Law.
- Civil engineer William Merkel died.
- February 14: Writer John DuBose was killed in a railway accident.
- August 2: Infantry officer Mortimer Jordan III died from combat wounds at Sergy, France.
- October 9: Infantry lieutenant Orville Coston died from combat wounds near Cornay, France.
- October 14: Circus performer Elma Moore died from the "Spanish" influenza.
- October 18: Aviator Arthur Roberts was shot down over Issoudun, France
- October 25: M. C. Martin and William Mimms died in a rock fall at the Eureka No. 4 Mine.
- November 14: Aviator John R. Williams was killed in a training accident near Salisbury, England.
- November 15: Plantation owner and Elyton Land Company partner William Nabers died.
- "The Barricade" by George Bellows
- "Flags" by Theodore Butler
- October 15: The USS Osmond Ingram was laid down at Quincy, Massachusetts.
Notable births in 1918 included . Notable deaths included
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