A. O. Lane

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A. O. Lane in 1887
Later portrait of A. O. Lane. courtesy BPL Archives

Alexander Oscar Lane (born October 29, 1848 in Macon County; died March 2, 1916 in Birmingham) was a lawyer, newspaper editor, judge and the Mayor of Birmingham from 1882 to 1888 and from 1890 to 1892.

Lane was the son of Dr Alexander and Mary E. Phillips Lane who moved to Alabama from Georgia. After graduating from private school he worked as principal of a boys' high school in Clayton while reading law under Chancellor John A. Foster. He was admitted to the bar in 1869 and began his practice in Ozark before moving to the young city of Birmingham in 1873.

In Birmingham Lane became a partner of John Terry in the firm of Terry & Lane. He marrying his partner's daughter Minnie in May 1875. After Terry's retirement he took on Edwin Taliaferro and B. H. Tabor as partners in the firm of Lane, Taliaferro & Tabor with offices in the Roden Building. That partnership dissolved in 1887. Later he was an associate of Frank White.

In 1880 Lane became editor of the Birmingham Iron Age. Two years later he was elected Mayor outright in a four-way race, marred by disorder, on December 3. He won re-election in 1884 and 1886. In August 1884, early in his second term, Lane directed the exploration of a crevice which had opened into a storm sewer on 5th Avenue North. Two strong men secured by ropes explored the opening and heard running water. Lane desired that the stream be researched as a possible source of water, or as part of the city drainage system.

Lane decided not to run in 1888, but was convinced to put his name in for the 1890 election, which he again won. At the end of that two-year term he served as a delegate to the Democratic National Convention and was appointed an Associate Justice for the 10th Judicial Circuit of Alabama by Governor B. B. Comer. He was subsequently re-elected to that position twice before resigning so that he could take a seat on the newly-formed Birmingham Board of Commissioners in 1911.

As an editor, executive and judge, Lane's career was marked by decisiveness, fairness and directness. He rapidly formed a clear understanding of the issues placed before him and was prompt to formulate their resolution and to take the proper action. Beginning in 1896 Lane secured the purchase of 200-acres on the south slope of Red Mountain for use by the city. The property was the home of Red Mountain Cemetery, used for the burial of paupers. In addition to his legal and political positions, Lane served as president of the Smithfield Land Company and was director of the Alabama State Bank and the Iron and Oak Insurance Company.

In 1884 Mayor Lane's residence was located on the northeast corner of 3rd Avenue North and 23rd Street. In 1887 Lane built a new residence at the corner of 8th Avenue North and 19th Street.

Lane died in March 1916 from a stroke (then termed "apoplexy"). The Birmingham City Commission closed City Hall to allow workers to attend the funeral, and Mayor George Ward ordered the portraits of all former mayors covered with black crepe for 30 days.

Lane is buried at Oak Hill Cemetery. He and his wife had five children. During his life, Lane refused to allow any monuments, parks or projects to be named for him. The Red Mountain parcel, however, was dedicated to his memory in 1934 as Lane Park. It eventually became the home of the Birmingham Zoo and Birmingham Botanical Gardens.

Preceded by:
Thomas Jeffers
Mayor of Birmingham
Succeeded by:
B. A. Thompson
Preceded by:
B. A. Thompson
Mayor of Birmingham
Succeeded by:
David Fox