S. Scott Joy

From Bhamwiki
Jump to: navigation, search

Samuel Scott Joy (born 1875 in Delaware, Ohio; died 1942 in Orlando, Florida) was a civil engineer and architect active in Birmingham in the late 19th and early 20th century.

Joy was the son of attorney Frederick Merrick Joy and Hattie Hitchcock. His parents his brothers Tom and Frederick ("Tedd"), who were both engineers, moved to Birmingham with their parents in the early 1900s. He remained to the midwest to study engineering and architecture at the University of Illinois, where he pledged Sigma Chi and graduated 1901. He joined his family in Birmingham before 1903 and worked alongside his brothers as a civil engineer for the firm of Messrs Joy. In 1906 he joined the architectural firm of Wheelock & Wheelock, founded in the 1880s by Charles Wheelock and his son, Harry.

Joy rose within the firm and, for several years it did business as Wheelock, Joy & Wheelock. At the same time he continued to design houses, mainly for members of his successful family and their friends, clustered in Forest Park. His residential designs reveal an influence of Frank Lloyd Wright not present in his more traditionally-styled institutional buildings.

Joy and his brother Tom founded the Joy Construction Company in 1910. They designed and constructed the YMCA Building on 20th Street North in 1912 and added Jacob Salie to the firm.

With scant prospects in Birmingham, Joy moved to Chicago and became the primary architect for the Chicago Manufacturing District, an early prototype for an industrial park. He designed numerous large buildings there, perhaps the most expressive of which is the Power House and Clock Tower of 1917. Joy was succeeded as the architect of the district by engineer and former employee, Abraham Epstein in 1921. Two of Joy's other associates, William H. P. Owen and Joseph Brandstetter, resigned to join Epstein's firm.

Joy partnered with another architect in the firm of Gallup & Joy which designed the Ritz Theater and the Spanish Renaissance-style Admiral Theater in Chicago and Birmingham's LaSalle Apartments on 11th Avenue South.

Joy's later years apparently signaled personal and professional decline. The depression years were particularly dry for architects. He died in Orlando, Florida in 1942.

Notable works


See also: Wheelock & Wheelock.


  • Chicago Manufacturing District
    • Warehouses, Pershing Road from Paulina Street to Western Avenue, 1912-1922
    • Starck Piano Factory, 1913
    • Union Bag and Paper Co. Building, 1915
    • American Ever Ready Building, 1916
    • Central Bag Co. Building, 1916
    • Central Manufacturing District Power House/Clock Tower, 1917
    • White City Storage Shipping Platform, 1917
    • U. S. Quartermasters Depot, 1918
    • City Furniture Co. Building, 1919
    • Calumet Refining Co. Building, 1919
    • Edgar T. Ward's Sons Co. Warehouse, 1919
    • Fairbanks Morse Co. Building, 1919
    • Pullman Coach Co. Building, 1919
    • Thompson's Restaurant, 1919
    • American Glue Co. Building, 1920
    • Goodyear Tire & Rubber Co. Building, 1920
    • Pullman Car Co. Building, 1920
    • Central Manufacturing District Lunchroom, 1923
    • Blue Valley Creamery Co., 1924
    • Kellogg-Mackay Mercantile Building, 1924
    • Mack Truck Factory and Sales Room, 1925
  • Westinghouse Electric Building, Chicago, Illinois, 1922
  • Kansas City Cold Storage Co. Building, Kansas City, Missouri, 1922
  • Ritz Theater, northwest corner of Harding & Lawrence Avenues, Chicago, Illinois, 1924
  • Admiral Theater, 3940 W. Lawrence Avenue, Chicago, Illinois, 1927
  • Pere Marquette Building, New Orleans, 1925 (with Charles L. Franck and William E. Spink)


  • Joy, S. Scott (April & May 1921) "The Central Manufacturing District, Chicago, Illinois." Architectural Forum 34.