Timeline of the Civil Rights Movement in Birmingham

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This is a Timeline of the Civil Rights Movement in Birmingham, covering related events throughout the Birmingham District during the Civil Rights Movement from 1935 to 1965:

Before 1954




The Alabama Christian Movement for Human Rights (ACMHR) was created in June 1956.








Winter to early spring

A picketer outside Loveman's.

Birmingham Campaign (April 3-May 10)




  • Wednesday, September 25: Kenneth Royall and Earl Blaik arrived in Birmingham and were greeted by Mayor Albert Boutwell.
  • Wednesday evening, September 25: Two bombs exploded in Center Street South in Titusville, apparently intended to draw a crowd and then spray them with shrapnel. No one was hurt, but a deep crater was left in the street and shrapnel was sprayed into nearby walls.
  • Sunday, October 6: A full-page ad in the Birmingham News called on the City of Birmingham to consider hiring black police officers.
  • Sunday, October 20: Another full-age ad in the Birmingham News called on the city to tackle a number of unresolved tensions regarding race.
  • Tuesday, October 22: Birmingham rejected the proposal to hire black police officers.
  • Friday, November 22: President John Kennedy was assassinated in Dallas, Texas.





Hosea Williams led marchers protesting the incarceration of Martin Luther King Jr and other Civil Rights leaders on contempt charges in November 1967.


After 1968

See also


  • White, Marjorie Longenecker (1998) A Walk to Freedom: The Reverend Fred Shuttlesworth and the Alabama Christian Movement for Human Rights, 1956-1964. Birmingham: Birmingham Historical Society. ISBN 0943994241
  • McWhorter, Diane (2001) Carry Me Home: Birmingham, Alabama, The Climactic Battle of the Civil Rights Revolution. New York, New York: Simon and Schuster. ISBN 0743226488
  • Huntley, Horace & John W. McKerley (2009) Foot Soldiers for Democracy: The Men, Women, and Children of the Birmingham Civil Rights Movement. University of Illinois Press (link)
  • Wright, Barnett (January 1, 2013) "1963 in Birmingham, Alabama: A timeline of events". The Birmingham News
Civil Rights Movement (19561965)
Documents Segregation laws · ACMHR Declaration of Principles · Nonviolence pledge · Birmingham Manifesto · A Call For Unity · Appeal for Law and Order · Letter from Birmingham Jail · Birmingham Truce · Civil Rights Act of 1964
Events Freedom Rides · Who Speaks for Birmingham? · Selective Buying Campaign · Birmingham Campaign · Good Friday march · Children's Crusade · Police dogs and firehoses · List of racially-motivated bombings · 1963 church bombing · May 1963 riot
Organizations Alabama Christian Movement for Human Rights · Birmingham City Commission · Ku Klux Klan · Miles College · NAACP · Southern Christian Leadership Conference
Activists Fred Shuttlesworth · Martin Luther King Jr · A. D. King · James Bevel · Frank Dukes · Edward Gardner · Lola Hendricks · Colonel Stone Johnson · Autherine Lucy · Vivian Malone · Joseph Lowery · James Orange · Nelson H. Smith · John Porter · Abraham Woods Jr
Other figures Albert Boutwell · Robert Chambliss · Bull Connor · A. G. Gaston · Art Hanes · Lucius Pitts · Sidney Smyer · J. B. Stoner · "8 white clergymen" · Virgil Ware · "4 little girls"
Places Kelly Ingram Park · A. G. Gaston Motel · Movement churches
Legacy Birmingham Civil Rights Heritage Trail · Birmingham Civil Rights Institute · Birmingham Pledge