Rudolph was one of five children born to John B. and Virginia Rudulph. He graduated from the University of Alabama in 1886 and taught grade school in Newbern for a year before becoming editor of the Lowndes Citizen in Hayneville. In 1890 he moved to Birmingham and was admitted to the bar a year later as an attorney in the firm of Taliaferro & Houghton.
- Ohlander, Marcus (1902) Historical Souvenir: History: The Birmingham Police Department Birmingham: Birmingham Police Relief Association
- "Attorney Dies In Rochester After Clinic Operation." (April 29, 1930) The Birmingham News, p. 1