- The seat of Shelby County was moved from Shelbyville to Columbia.
- Tuscaloosa became the state capital.
- August 22: John B. Ayers took the post of Jefferson County Sheriff back from James Murray.
- Peter Ingle moved from Mount Pinson to Winston County.
- Robert Jemison Jr moved to Pickens County.
- Charles Tait left and William Crawford joined the United States District Court for the Northern District of Alabama.
- Joseph Stroup, Confederate soldier
- February 5: Peyton King, attorney
- April 26: William H. Smith, 21st Governor of Alabama
- September 9: John T. Milner, surveyor and engineer
- September 11: Bartholomew Boyle, railroad engineer
In 1826, the American Temperance Society was founded. Ludwig van Beethoven finished the String Quartet in C sharp Minor, Opus 131. Former U.S. presidents Thomas Jefferson and John Adams both died on the 50th Anniversary of the signing of the United States Declaration of Independence.
Notable births in 1826 included Confederate general Richard Taylor, pioneering feminist Matilda Joslyn Gage, landscape painter Frederic Edwin Church, songwriter Stephen Foster, politician Green Clay Smith, educator William S. Clark, mathematician Bernhard Riemann, fashion designer Charles Frederick Worth, and Union general George B. McClellan. Notable deaths included composer Juan Crisóstomo Arriaga, Russian historian Nikolay Karamzin, composer Carl Maria von Weber, the aforementioned Thomas Jefferson and John Adams, astronomer Giuseppe Piazzi, physician René Laennec, and astronomer Johann Elert Bode.
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