Difference between revisions of "1911"

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[[Image:20th Street N 1911.jpg|right|thumb|375px|[[20th Street North]] c. 1911]]
 
'''1911''' was the 40th year after the founding of the city of [[Birmingham]].
 
'''1911''' was the 40th year after the founding of the city of [[Birmingham]].
  
 
==Events==
 
==Events==
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[[Image:Roosevelt in Ensley 1911 sm.jpg|right|thumb|375px|Former president Theodore Roosevelt addresses a crowd in [[Ensley]] during the [[1911 National Child Labor Committee Conference|7th Annual Conference on Child Labor]].]]
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* [[February 20]]: The [[University of Montevallo|Alabama Girls’ Industrial School]] became the Alabama Girls’ Technical Institute.
 
* [[March 10]]–[[March 12|12]]: The [[1911 National Child Labor Committee Conference|7th Annual Conference on Child Labor]] was held in Birmingham.
 
* [[March 10]]–[[March 12|12]]: The [[1911 National Child Labor Committee Conference|7th Annual Conference on Child Labor]] was held in Birmingham.
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* [[March 10]]: Former president Theodore Roosevelt addressed crowds in [[Fairfield|Corey]] ([[Fairfield]]), [[Ensley]], and at [[Linn Park|Capitol Park]] in [[Birmingham]].
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* April: Construction of "model industrial city" [[Fairfield|Corey]], begun in March [[1910]], was substantially completed.
 
* [[April 8]]: The [[1911 Banner Mine explosion]] killed 128 convict miners.
 
* [[April 8]]: The [[1911 Banner Mine explosion]] killed 128 convict miners.
* [[June 17]]: [[Benjamin Russell Hospital for Children|Holy Innocents Hospital]] was founded.
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* [[May 23]]–[[May 26|26]]: The [[1911 National Good Roads Congress]] was hosted by [[John Rountree]] in [[Birmingham]].
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* [[June 17]]: [[Children's Hospital|Holy Innocents Hospital]] was founded.
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* [[July 1]]: The [[Birmingham & Edgewood Electric Railway]] went into service.
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* [[July 28]]: [[Ella May Harris]], 7, lost both arms in a streetcar accident in [[Norwood]].
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* [[October 16]]: [[Buffalo Bill's Wild West|Buffalo Bill’s Wild West and Pawnee Bill’s Far East]] put on shows at [[Smith's Park]].
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* [[November 11]]: A fire destroyed the plant of [[Roberts & Son]], printers.
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* The [[Kessler Building|Allen Building]] was damaged by fire, requiring renewal of its facade.
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* In [[Avondale Park]], cages were erected for a small menagerie of animals.
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* Birmingham changed from a [[Mayor of Birmingham|Mayor]]-[[Birmingham Board of Aldermen|Aldermen]] system of government to a [[Birmingham City Commission|City Commission]].
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* The [[Birmingham Equal Suffrage Association]] was founded.
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* [[Columbus Day]] was declared a state holiday.
 
* [[Jefferson County]] repealed local [[prohibition]].
 
* [[Jefferson County]] repealed local [[prohibition]].
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* The town of [[Garden City]] in [[Cullman County|Cullman]]/[[Blount County]] was incorporated.
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* Mother Augustine of the Sisters of Perpetual Adoration began planning a [[Blessed Sacrament Academy|convent and school]] adjacent to [[Blessed Sacrament Catholic Church]] in [[West End]].
  
 
===Business===
 
===Business===
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* [[May 31]]: The [[O'Brien Opera House|Shubert Theater]] was declared unsafe by the [[Birmingham Fire and Rescue Service|Birmingham Fire Chief]] and closed.
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* [[Edgewater|Edgewater Mine]] opened.
 
* [[Hill's Food Stores]] were founded in Birmingham.
 
* [[Hill's Food Stores]] were founded in Birmingham.
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* [[William J. Long]] purchased a Ford automobile won in a raffle by a farmer to advertise his [[Long-Lewis Hardware]] business.
 
* The [[Motlow Distilling Company|Jack Daniel Distilling Company]] returned to Birmingham.
 
* The [[Motlow Distilling Company|Jack Daniel Distilling Company]] returned to Birmingham.
 
* Bottler [[National Dope Company]] went out of business.<!--???-->
 
* Bottler [[National Dope Company]] went out of business.<!--???-->
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* [[Louis Gelders]] and [[G. W. Beringer]] purchased [[Parisian|Parisian Dry Goods & Millinery Company]] from Bertha and Estella Sommers, changing the name to The Parisian Company.
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* The [[Southern Progress|Progressive Farmer Company]] decided to establish a central office in Birmingham.
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* Architects [[David O. Whilldin]] and [[Bem Price]] dissolved their partnership.
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===Government===
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* [[January 10]]: [[Walter McAdory]] became [[Jefferson County Sheriff]].
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* [[August 11]]: Voters in [[Birmingham]] chose strictly-regulated saloons over local [[prohibition]] in a referendum.
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* [[Truman Aldrich]] was appointed [[Postmaster of Birmingham]] by President Taft.
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* [[John R. Allan]] became [[Shelby County Sheriff]].
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* [[John Gray]] became [[Walker County Sheriff]].
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* [[Thomas McDonald]] was elected to the [[Alabama House of Representatives]].
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* [[Hugh Morrow (senator)|Hugh Morrow]] was elected to a second in the [[Alabama State Senate]].
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* [[Emmet O'Neal]] became [[List of Governors of Alabama|Governor of Alabama]].
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* [[Oscar Underwood]] became U.S. House majority leader.
  
 
===Religion===
 
===Religion===
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* [[March 19]]: Reverend [[Hans Reuter]] was installed at [[First Lutheran Church|Zion Lutheran Church]].
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* [[March 29]]: [[Christ Episcopal Church Fairfield|Christ Episcopal Church]] was founded in [[Fairfield]].
 
* The [[Altrurian Society]] was founded in Birmingham.
 
* The [[Altrurian Society]] was founded in Birmingham.
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* [[Arthur Dycer]] was ordained in the Methodist Church of Canada.
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* [[Isadore Shapiro]] became president of the [[Levite Jewish Community Center|Young Men's Hebrew Association]].
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* [[J. R. Turner]] became pastor of [[Highlands United Methodist Church]].
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* [[Shades Mountain Baptist Church|White's Chapel Baptist Church]] on [[Shades Mountain]] was organized.
  
== Works ==
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===Sports===
===Buildings===
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* [[John Longwell]] served as football coach of the [[Samford Bulldogs football|Howard College Bulldogs]].
* [[1st Church of Christ, Scientist (1911 building)|1st Church of Christ, Scientist]]
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* [[Guy Tutwiler]] joined the Detroit Tigers.
* [[Leeds High School]]
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* [[16th Street Baptist Church]]
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* [[Southside Baptist Church]]
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* [[Women's Club House]]
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== Individuals ==
 
== Individuals ==
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* [[December 1]]: [[Alf Brown]] resigned as Captain of [[Birmingham Fire Station No. 2|Engine Company No. 2]].
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* [[Christian Enslen]] retired as head of the [[Jefferson County Savings Bank]].
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* [[Frank Evans]] was appointed an examiner of accounts by the governor.
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* [[Edgar C. Horton]] became head of the [[Weather Forecast Office Birmingham|Birmingham Weather Bureau]].
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* [[Miller Reese Hutchison]] became attached to Thomas Edison's laboratory.
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* [[Solon Jacobs]] became president of the [[Birmingham Athletic Club]].
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* [[Geneva Mercer]] sold her first sculpture.
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* [[Robert Nelson]] became Birmingham's health officer.
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* Brother [[Joseph Zoettl]] was placed in charge of the power plant at [[St Bernard's Abbey]] in [[Cullman]].
  
 
===Births===
 
===Births===
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[[Image:Gail Patrick.jpg|right|thumb|175px|Gail Patrick]]
 
* [[February 1]]: [[Helen Walpole]], radio actress and writer
 
* [[February 1]]: [[Helen Walpole]], radio actress and writer
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* [[February 28]]: [[Mortimer Jordan IV]]
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* [[March 16]]: [[Alston Callahan]], ophthalmologist
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* [[March 18]]: [[Ferd Weil]], businessman
 
* [[April 10]]: [[Martha Gaskins]], educator
 
* [[April 10]]: [[Martha Gaskins]], educator
 
* [[May 20]]: [[Vet Boswell]], singer
 
* [[May 20]]: [[Vet Boswell]], singer
 
* [[June 20]]: [[Gail Patrick]], actress
 
* [[June 20]]: [[Gail Patrick]], actress
 
* [[June 28]]: [[Jimmy Hitchcock]], sports hall of famer
 
* [[June 28]]: [[Jimmy Hitchcock]], sports hall of famer
* [[July 5]]: [[John Farr, Sr]], auto dealer
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* [[July 5]]: [[John Farr Sr]], auto dealer
 
* [[July 26]]: [[Delos Culp]], university administrator
 
* [[July 26]]: [[Delos Culp]], university administrator
 
* [[August 4]]: [[Elton B. Stephens]], entrepreneur and philanthropist
 
* [[August 4]]: [[Elton B. Stephens]], entrepreneur and philanthropist
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* [[September 7]]: [[Simon Kessler]], president of [[Kessler's]] stores
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* [[September 11]]: [[Alice Lee]], attorney and newspaper editor
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* [[September 15]]: [[Luther Terry]], Surgeon General of the United States
 
* [[October 7]]: [[Jo Jones]], jazz drummer
 
* [[October 7]]: [[Jo Jones]], jazz drummer
 
* [[November 19]]: [[Mary Elizabeth Counselman]], short story writer
 
* [[November 19]]: [[Mary Elizabeth Counselman]], short story writer
 
* [[John Evins]], business and civic leader
 
* [[John Evins]], business and civic leader
 
* [[Alfred Habeeb]], anesthesiologist
 
* [[Alfred Habeeb]], anesthesiologist
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===Graduations===
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* [[Octavus Roy Cohen]] earned an engineering degree from Clemson Agricultural College.
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* [[John Gallalee]] earned an engineering degree from the University of Virginia.
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* [[Luther Hollums]] graduated from [[Central High School]].
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===Marriages===
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* [[March 12]]: Artist [[Harry Hawkins]] married [[Julia Hawkins|Julia Osborn]].
  
 
===Deaths===
 
===Deaths===
 
* [[May 24]]: [[Willie Lewis Staggs]], constable (murdered)
 
* [[May 24]]: [[Willie Lewis Staggs]], constable (murdered)
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* [[September 28]]: [[Julia Christian]], oldest known burial in [[Black Cemetery]]
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* [[Margaret Bailey]]
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* [[Hansford Chitty]], Confederate veteran
 
:* ''see also [[List of Birmingham homicides in 1911]]''.
 
:* ''see also [[List of Birmingham homicides in 1911]]''.
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== Works ==
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[[Image:Women's Club House.jpg|right|thumb|225px|The Women's Club House]]
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===Buildings===
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* [[Alabama State Land Building]] at 308-310 [[21st Street North]]
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* [[1st Church of Christ, Scientist (1911 building)|1st Church of Christ, Scientist]]
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* [[First Congregational Christian Church|1st Congregational Christian Church]]
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* [[Buck Creek Mill]] addition
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* [[Drennen Department Store]]
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* [[Leeds High School]]
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* [[16th Street Baptist Church]]
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* [[Roebuck Springs Country Club]]
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* [[Roper Tunnel]]
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* [[St Clair County Courthouse]] addition/modification
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* [[Southside Baptist Church]]
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* [[Women's Club House]] on [[Highland Avenue]]
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* [[YMCA Building]] on [[20th Street North]]
  
 
== See Also ==
 
== See Also ==
 
* [[1911 Birmingham Barons]]
 
* [[1911 Birmingham Barons]]
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== Gallery ==
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<gallery>
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Image:1911 Avondale Park postcard.jpg|[[Avondale Park]] postcard c. 1911
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Image:1911 Banner Mine explosion crowd.jpg|Crowd gathered after the [[1911 Banner Mine explosion]]
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Image:Birmingham City Hall 1911.jpg|[[Birmingham City Hall (1901)]] c. 1911
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Image:Morris Avenue 1911.jpg|[[Morris Avenue]] c. 1911
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</gallery>
  
 
==Context==
 
==Context==

Latest revision as of 12:17, 20 October 2020

1911 was the 40th year after the founding of the city of Birmingham.

Events

Former president Theodore Roosevelt addresses a crowd in Ensley during the 7th Annual Conference on Child Labor.

Business

Government

Religion

Sports

Individuals

Births

Gail Patrick

Graduations

Marriages

Deaths

Works

The Women's Club House

Buildings

See Also

Gallery

Context

In 1911, the first Monte Carlo races were held. A fire at the Triangle Shirtwaist Factory in New York City killed 146. The Mona Lisa was stolen from the Louvre. Roald Amundsen's expedition became the first to reach the South Pole.

Books published in 1911 included The Secret Garden by Frances Hodgson Burnett and The Phantom of the Opera by Gaston Leroux. Popular music published included "Alexander's Ragtime Band" by Irving Berlin and "(On) Moonlight Bay" by Edward Madden & Percy Wenrich.

Notable births in 1911 included burlesque entertainer Gypsy Rose Lee, baseball player Hank Greenberg, actress Butterfly McQueen, President Ronald Reagan, author L. Ron Hubbard, murderer Jack Ruby, playwright Tennessee Williams, chemist Melvin Calvin, actor Vincent Price, film composer Bernard Herrmann, singer LaVerne Andrews, actress & dancer Ginger Rogers, actress Lucille Ball, and singer & actor Roy Rogers. Notable deaths included composer Gustav Mahler, dramatist W. S. Gilbert, temperance activist Carrie Nation, Supreme Court Justice John Marshall Harlan, aviator Eugene Burton Ely, and newspaper publisher Joseph Pulitzer.

1910s
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