Difference between revisions of "1930"

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* [[January 13]]: Seven miners were killed in the [[1930 Peerless Mine explosion]].  
 
* [[January 13]]: Seven miners were killed in the [[1930 Peerless Mine explosion]].  
 
* [[January 29]]: A [[List of snowfalls|rare snowfall]] brought 5.5 inches to Birmingham.
 
* [[January 29]]: A [[List of snowfalls|rare snowfall]] brought 5.5 inches to Birmingham.
 +
* [[April 30]]: The [[Mountain Brook Club]] opened to members.
 
* [[May 13]]: The [[USS Birmingham (CL-2)|USS ''Birmingham'' (CL-2)]] was sold for scrap.
 
* [[May 13]]: The [[USS Birmingham (CL-2)|USS ''Birmingham'' (CL-2)]] was sold for scrap.
 +
* [[May 23]]: A memorial plaque was placed at [[Holman School]].
 +
* [[July 29]]: An all-time record high of 107°F was recorded at the [[Weather Forecast Office Birmingham]]'s [[Weather Bureau Building]].
 +
* [[December 10]]-[[December 19|19]]: The [[Birmingham Jug Band]] recorded nine songs for Okeh Records in Atlanta.
 +
* Four [[World War I]] German guns were relocated to [[Altamont Park]] from [[Woodrow Wilson Park]].
 
* A total of 811 first-run motion pictures were screened in Birmingham of which 673 received the [[Birmingham Motion Picture Council]]'s endorsement.
 
* A total of 811 first-run motion pictures were screened in Birmingham of which 673 received the [[Birmingham Motion Picture Council]]'s endorsement.
 +
* The [[Golden Leaf Quartet]] recorded for Brunswick Records in Atlanta.
 
* [[Inland Lake]] was created with a dam on the [[Blackburn Fork]] of the [[Little Warrior River]].
 
* [[Inland Lake]] was created with a dam on the [[Blackburn Fork]] of the [[Little Warrior River]].
 
* [[Paul Hayne School]] converted from a high school to Paul Hayne Opportunity High School with [[R. F. Jarvis]] as principal.
 
* [[Paul Hayne School]] converted from a high school to Paul Hayne Opportunity High School with [[R. F. Jarvis]] as principal.
 
* [[Phillips High School]] expanded down to 9th grade as students from [[Paul Hayne School]] were admitted.
 
* [[Phillips High School]] expanded down to 9th grade as students from [[Paul Hayne School]] were admitted.
 
* The [[Roebuck Springs Country Club]] was purchased by the City of Birmingham.
 
* The [[Roebuck Springs Country Club]] was purchased by the City of Birmingham.
 +
* [[Tarrant City Schools]] broke off from [[Jefferson County Schools]].
  
 
===Business===
 
===Business===
 
* [[August 16]]: Communist Party newspaper ''[[Southern Worker|The Southern Worker]]'' began publication.
 
* [[August 16]]: Communist Party newspaper ''[[Southern Worker|The Southern Worker]]'' began publication.
 
* [[American Trust and Savings Bank]] merged with [[First National Bank of Birmingham]].
 
* [[American Trust and Savings Bank]] merged with [[First National Bank of Birmingham]].
* [[Oscar Wells]] retired as president of [[First National Bank of Birmingham]] after 15 years.  [[John Persons]] became the new president.
+
* The [[Bank of Alabama (Ensley)|Bank of Alabama]] failed and sold its assets to the [[Ensley National Bank]].
 
* The [[Bank of Ensley]] closed.
 
* The [[Bank of Ensley]] closed.
 
* The [[Birmingham|City of Birmingham]] was forced to withdraw funding from [[WAPI-AM]].
 
* The [[Birmingham|City of Birmingham]] was forced to withdraw funding from [[WAPI-AM]].
 +
* The [[Ensley Grill]] opened for business.
 +
* [[Ollie Wade McClung]] joined his father, [[James Ollie McClung]], at [[Ollie's Barbecue]].
 +
* [[W. Paul Pim]] created the syndicated feature cartoons [[Baby Mine]] and [[Telling Tommy]].
 +
* The [[Ritz Theatre]] was bought by the Radio-Keith-Orpheum Company (RKO) and [[Karl Hoblitzelle]] was named managing director.
 +
* [[Oscar Wells]] retired as president of [[First National Bank of Birmingham]] after 15 years.  [[John Persons]] became the new president.
 +
* [[Gordon Persons]] and Howard Pill launched Montgomery's first radio station, WSFA-AM.
 +
* The [[Republic Steel Corporation]] acquired all of the [[Republic Steel & Iron Company]]'s Alabama assets.
 +
* [[Ben Weil]] founded the [[Mayer Electric Supply|Electric Supply Company]], now [[Mayer Electric Supply]].
 +
* [[Bedford Seale]] and [[James Vakakes]] founded the [[Seale Lumber Co.]]
  
 
===Religion===
 
===Religion===
 
* [[Abraham Bengis]] became rabbi of the [[Knesseth Israel Congregation]] and [[Temple Beth-El]].
 
* [[Abraham Bengis]] became rabbi of the [[Knesseth Israel Congregation]] and [[Temple Beth-El]].
 +
* [[First United Methodist Church of Bessemer]] added a pipe organ.
 
* [[Pleasant Sabine Baptist Church]] suffered a fire.
 
* [[Pleasant Sabine Baptist Church]] suffered a fire.
  
 
===Sports===
 
===Sports===
 +
* [[June 25]]: [[Mike Higgins|Mike "Pinky" Higgins]] made his Major League debut.
 +
* [[June 27]]: [[Charlie Perkins]] debuted pitching for the Philadelphia Athletics.
 +
* [[September 1]]: [[Hank Crisp]] succeeded [[Wallace Wade]] as Director of Athletics for the [[University of Alabama]].
 
* [[November 27]]: [[War Eagle#War_Eagle_II_.281930.29|War Eagle II]] debuted.
 
* [[November 27]]: [[War Eagle#War_Eagle_II_.281930.29|War Eagle II]] debuted.
 
* [[Ivy Andrews]] played for the [[Birmingham Barons]].
 
* [[Ivy Andrews]] played for the [[Birmingham Barons]].
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===Buildings===
 
===Buildings===
 
* [[Five Points Bowling Center]]
 
* [[Five Points Bowling Center]]
 +
* [[Mountain Brook Club]]
 
* [[North Birmingham Elementary School]] addition
 
* [[North Birmingham Elementary School]] addition
 
* [[Ramsay High School]]
 
* [[Ramsay High School]]
 +
* [[Simon-Buck House]]
 
* [[Theodore Swann residence]]
 
* [[Theodore Swann residence]]
 
* [[Ware Building]]
 
* [[Ware Building]]
 
* [[West End High School]]
 
* [[West End High School]]
 +
* [[Joseph Weaver residence]] on [[81st Street South]]
 +
 +
=== Music ===
 +
* "[[Birmingham Jail (song)|New Birmingham Jail]]" by Jimmie Tarlton and Tom Darby
  
 
== Individuals ==
 
== Individuals ==
 +
* [[George Bender]] quit as maitre d'hotel at the [[Tutwiler Hotel]] and took charge of the dining room at the [[Bangor Cave Club]].
 
* The [[Boswell Sisters]] moved their act to New York City.
 
* The [[Boswell Sisters]] moved their act to New York City.
 
* [[Johnny Mack Brown]] was given his first starring role in a western movie entitled ''Billy the Kid''.
 
* [[Johnny Mack Brown]] was given his first starring role in a western movie entitled ''Billy the Kid''.
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* [[W. R. McCord]] became principal of [[Thomas School]].
 
* [[W. R. McCord]] became principal of [[Thomas School]].
 
* Architect [[John Miller (architect)|John Miller]] retired.
 
* Architect [[John Miller (architect)|John Miller]] retired.
* [[Giuseppe Moretti]] moved back to Italy with his wife and assistant.
+
* Sculptor [[Giuseppe Moretti]] moved back to Italy with his wife and assistant.
 +
* [[John Persons]] was promoted to Brigadier General in the [[Alabama National Guard]] and succeeded [[Oscar Wells]] as president of the [[First National Bank of Birmingham]].
 
* [[Dorsey Whittington]] became director of the [[Birmingham Conservatory of Music]].
 
* [[Dorsey Whittington]] became director of the [[Birmingham Conservatory of Music]].
 
* [[L. Virgil Wilder]] became principal of [[Wilson Elementary School]].
 
* [[L. Virgil Wilder]] became principal of [[Wilson Elementary School]].
  
 
===Births===
 
===Births===
 +
* [[January 5]]: [[Mamie Brown]], choir director and healthcare consultant
 
* [[February 3]]: [[David Foley]], priest
 
* [[February 3]]: [[David Foley]], priest
 
* [[February 18]]: [[Frank House]], baseball player
 
* [[February 18]]: [[Frank House]], baseball player
 +
* [[February 23]]: [[Pete Clifford]], Methodist minister and [[Birmingham City Council]] member
 +
* [[February 24]]: [[Richard Pizitz]], retailer
 +
* [[February 26]]: [[Sara Finley]], medical geneticist
 
* [[March 11]]: [[Chuck Morgan]], attorney
 
* [[March 11]]: [[Chuck Morgan]], attorney
 +
* [[March 19]]: [[June Shaw|June Fore Shaw]], pathologist
 +
* [[March 31]]: [[Peggy Prickett]], clothier
 
* [[May 28]]: [[Douglas E. Jones]], professor of geology and college administrator
 
* [[May 28]]: [[Douglas E. Jones]], professor of geology and college administrator
 +
* [[June 6]]: [[Warren Crow III]], real estate executive
 
* [[June 12]]: [[Jim Nabors]], actor
 
* [[June 12]]: [[Jim Nabors]], actor
 
* [[June 20]]: [[Bobby Frank Cherry]], church bomber
 
* [[June 20]]: [[Bobby Frank Cherry]], church bomber
 +
* June 20: [[Thomas Blanton]], church bomber
 +
* [[June 26]]: [[Jackie Fargo]], wrestler
 
* [[July 4]]: [[Marion Worth]], country music singer
 
* [[July 4]]: [[Marion Worth]], country music singer
* [[July 30]]: [[A. D. King]], pastor and Civil Rights leader
 
 
* [[July 22]]: [[Jerry Grundhoefer]], nightclub owner
 
* [[July 22]]: [[Jerry Grundhoefer]], nightclub owner
 +
* [[July 30]]: [[A. D. King]], pastor and Civil Rights leader
 
* [[August 14]]: [[Joseph Schreiber]], choirmaster
 
* [[August 14]]: [[Joseph Schreiber]], choirmaster
 
* [[August 18]]: [[Gene Bartow]], basketball coach
 
* [[August 18]]: [[Gene Bartow]], basketball coach
* [[August 24]]: [[John Grenier]], Attorney and politician
+
* [[August 24]]: [[John Grenier]], attorney and politician
 +
* [[September 7]]: [[Mable Anderson]] psychology professor and activist
 +
* [[September 24]]: [[Len Rossi]], wrestler
 +
* [[October 7]]: [[Boots Carroll]], actress
 +
* [[November 2]]: [[David Orange]], [[Jefferson County Commission]] president
 
* [[December 13]]: [[Country Boy Eddie]], country singer
 
* [[December 13]]: [[Country Boy Eddie]], country singer
 
* [[December 15]]: [[John Claypool]], minister
 
* [[December 15]]: [[John Claypool]], minister
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* [[Nelson H. Smith]], pastor and Civil Rights leader
 
* [[Nelson H. Smith]], pastor and Civil Rights leader
 
* [[Charles Brammer]], winemaker
 
* [[Charles Brammer]], winemaker
 +
* [[Frank Dukes]], pastor and Civil Rights leader
 
* [[Neal Hemphill]], record producer
 
* [[Neal Hemphill]], record producer
 
* [[Annie Lindsay]], dance teacher
 
* [[Annie Lindsay]], dance teacher
 
* [[Ward McIntyre]], broadcaster
 
* [[Ward McIntyre]], broadcaster
 
* [[Huland Moore]], jewelry repairer
 
* [[Huland Moore]], jewelry repairer
 +
* [[Bill Myers]], [[List of Birmingham police chiefs|Birmingham Police chief]]
 
* [[Shorty White]], football coach
 
* [[Shorty White]], football coach
 +
* [[W. L. Williams, Jr]], attorney
  
 
===Graduations===
 
===Graduations===
 +
* [[Richmond Beatty]], Ph.D in American Literature at Vanderbilt University
 +
* [[Carl Elliott]] from Vina High School
 +
* [[William Bradford Huie]] from the [[University of Alabama]]
 
* [[Nina Miglionico]] from [[Woodlawn High School]]
 
* [[Nina Miglionico]] from [[Woodlawn High School]]
 
* [[Virginia Tyler]] from [[Birmingham-Southern College]], bachelor's degree in English
 
* [[Virginia Tyler]] from [[Birmingham-Southern College]], bachelor's degree in English
  
 
=== Marriages ===
 
=== Marriages ===
* Rev. [[John C. Fletcher]] to Estelle Caldwell.
+
* [[May 28]]: [[Pedro Gusman]] to Vera Hancock
 +
* Rev. [[John C. Fletcher]] to Estelle Caldwell
  
 
===Deaths===
 
===Deaths===
 
* [[January 8]]: [[Benjamin Wyman]], physician
 
* [[January 8]]: [[Benjamin Wyman]], physician
 
* [[February 9]]: [[Tom Ashford]], alderman and business owner
 
* [[February 9]]: [[Tom Ashford]], alderman and business owner
 +
* [[April 7]]: [[William Harding]], banker
 +
* [[April 11]]: [[Alexander Dearborn]], real estate executive
 +
* [[June 20]]: [[Zachariah Nabers Jr]], investor
 
* [[August 15]]: [[Guy Tutwiler]], baseball player
 
* [[August 15]]: [[Guy Tutwiler]], baseball player
 +
* [[November 18]]: [[Harvey Woodward]], real estate heir
 +
* December: [[Joseph Bishop]], miner
 +
* [[December 12]]: [[Al Hochstadter]], bottler
 
* [[December 18]]: [[Robert Terrell]], banker
 
* [[December 18]]: [[Robert Terrell]], banker
 
* [[John Carmichael]], chancellor  
 
* [[John Carmichael]], chancellor  
* [[James Weatherly]], attorney and Birmingham City Commissioner
+
* [[Mary Gordon Duffee]], historian
* [[Harvey G. Woodward]], businessman
+
* [[Horace Salter]], first Postmaster of [[Elyton]]
 +
* [[James Weatherly]], attorney and [[Birmingham City Commission]]er
  
 
==Context==
 
==Context==
In 1930, the [[Great Depression]] continued.   
+
In 1930, the [[Great Depression]] continued.  The dwarf planet Pluto was discovered.  Mahatma Gandhi led the Dandi Salt March protesting the British-imposed salt tax.  The first frozen foods of Clarence Birdseye went on sale in Springfield, Massachusetts.  Turkish cities Constantinople and Angora officially became Istanbul and Ankara.  Twinkies, Neoprene, and the chocolate chip cookie were invented.  The Shadow debuted on radio.  Betty Boop debuted in ''Dizzy Dishes''.  Karl Landsteiner won the Nobel Prize for Medicine for his earlier discovery of human blood types and work in blood transfusions.
 +
 
 +
Books published in 1930 included ''As I Lay Dying'' by William Faulkner, ''The Maltese Falcon'' by Dashiell Hammett, ''The Little Engine That Could'' by Watty Piper, and ''1066 and All That'' by W. C. Sellar and R. J. Yeatman.  The Nobel Prize for Literature went to Sinclair Lewis.
 +
 
 +
Songs published in 1930 included "Georgia on My Mind" by Hoagy Carmichael & Stuart Gorrell and "I Got Rhythm" by George & Ira Gershwin.  Top hits included "Happy Days Are Here Again" by Charles King and "Puttin' On The Ritz" by Harry Richman.
  
<!-- ''Wings'' won Best Picture at the first Academy Awards while ''Gold Diggers of Broadway'', ''Sunnyside Up'', ''The Cock-Eyed World'', ''Welcome Danger'', and ''The Desert Song'' were the top-grossing filmsWarner Baxter and George Arliss took the Best Actor awards and Mary Pickford was Best Actress.  Books published in 1929 included ''The Seven Dials Mystery'' by Agatha Christie, ''A Farewell to Arms'' by Ernest Hemingway, ''The Roman Hat Mystery'' by Ellery Queen, and ''All Quiet on the Western Front'' by Erich Maria Remarque.
+
''All Quiet on the Western Front'' was the top-grossing film and won Academy Awards for Best Picture and Best Director (Lewis Milestone).  Other top-grossing films included ''Whoopee!'', ''Hell's Angels'', ''Animal Crackers'', and ''Feet First''.  George Arliss took the Best Actor award and Norma Shearer was Best Actress.
  
Notable births in 1930 included .  Notable deaths included . -->
+
Notable births in 1930 included film and television executive Roy E. Disney, astronaut Buzz Aldrin, singer Bobby “Blue” Bland, actor Gene Hackman, televangelist Pat Robertson, composer and lyricist Stephen Sondheim, actor Steve McQueen, Supreme Court Justice Sandra Day O'Connor, German Chancellor Helmut Kohl, film director Richard Donner, politician Harvey Milk, actor Clint Eastwood, billionaire Ross Perot, businessman George Steinbrenner, astronaut Neil Armstrong, musician Don Ho, actor Sean Connery, entrepreneur Warren Buffett, and musician Ray Charles.  Notable deaths included writer D. H. Lawrence; President William Howard Taft; writer Sir Arthur Conan Doyle; actor Lon Chaney, Sr; and industrialist Herbert Henry Dow.
  
 
{{Decade box|193|192|194}}
 
{{Decade box|193|192|194}}
 
[[Category:1930|*]]
 
[[Category:1930|*]]

Latest revision as of 05:11, 24 September 2020

1930 was the 59th year after the founding of the city of Birmingham.

Events

Business

Religion

Sports

Works

Buildings

Music

Individuals

Births

Graduations

Marriages

Deaths

Context

In 1930, the Great Depression continued. The dwarf planet Pluto was discovered. Mahatma Gandhi led the Dandi Salt March protesting the British-imposed salt tax. The first frozen foods of Clarence Birdseye went on sale in Springfield, Massachusetts. Turkish cities Constantinople and Angora officially became Istanbul and Ankara. Twinkies, Neoprene, and the chocolate chip cookie were invented. The Shadow debuted on radio. Betty Boop debuted in Dizzy Dishes. Karl Landsteiner won the Nobel Prize for Medicine for his earlier discovery of human blood types and work in blood transfusions.

Books published in 1930 included As I Lay Dying by William Faulkner, The Maltese Falcon by Dashiell Hammett, The Little Engine That Could by Watty Piper, and 1066 and All That by W. C. Sellar and R. J. Yeatman. The Nobel Prize for Literature went to Sinclair Lewis.

Songs published in 1930 included "Georgia on My Mind" by Hoagy Carmichael & Stuart Gorrell and "I Got Rhythm" by George & Ira Gershwin. Top hits included "Happy Days Are Here Again" by Charles King and "Puttin' On The Ritz" by Harry Richman.

All Quiet on the Western Front was the top-grossing film and won Academy Awards for Best Picture and Best Director (Lewis Milestone). Other top-grossing films included Whoopee!, Hell's Angels, Animal Crackers, and Feet First. George Arliss took the Best Actor award and Norma Shearer was Best Actress.

Notable births in 1930 included film and television executive Roy E. Disney, astronaut Buzz Aldrin, singer Bobby “Blue” Bland, actor Gene Hackman, televangelist Pat Robertson, composer and lyricist Stephen Sondheim, actor Steve McQueen, Supreme Court Justice Sandra Day O'Connor, German Chancellor Helmut Kohl, film director Richard Donner, politician Harvey Milk, actor Clint Eastwood, billionaire Ross Perot, businessman George Steinbrenner, astronaut Neil Armstrong, musician Don Ho, actor Sean Connery, entrepreneur Warren Buffett, and musician Ray Charles. Notable deaths included writer D. H. Lawrence; President William Howard Taft; writer Sir Arthur Conan Doyle; actor Lon Chaney, Sr; and industrialist Herbert Henry Dow.

1930s
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Births - Deaths - Establishments - Events - Works