Difference between revisions of "3rd Avenue North"

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(19th Street North)
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[[File:3rd Ave N postcard.jpg|right|thumb|375px|Postcard view of 3rd Avenue North, looking west from 20th Street]]
 
[[File:3rd Ave N postcard.jpg|right|thumb|375px|Postcard view of 3rd Avenue North, looking west from 20th Street]]
 
==== [[19th Street North]]====
 
==== [[19th Street North]]====
* North side ([[Block 73]])
+
* north side ([[Block 73]])
 
** 1900-1914: [[Atrium Center]], originally [[Burger-Phillips Centre]] (created in 1980s by connecting existing & new buildings)
 
** 1900-1914: [[Atrium Center]], originally [[Burger-Phillips Centre]] (created in 1980s by connecting existing & new buildings)
*** 1900-1906: [[S. H. Kress & Company Building]] (built 1937), offices of [[Wiggins, Childs, Quinn & Pantazis]] (2004-), former location of [[Blach's|J. Blach & Sons]] (1926), [[S. H. Kress & Co.]] (1937-1978)
+
*** 1900-1906: [[S. H. Kress & Company Building]] (built 1937), offices of [[Wiggins, Childs, Quinn & Pantazis]] (2004-), former location of [[Blach's|J. Blach & Sons]] (1907–1926), [[S. H. Kress & Co.]] (1937-1978)
 
**** 1904: former location of [[H. L. & E. E. Hunt Cycle Co.]] bicycle manufacturers (1899)
 
**** 1904: former location of [[H. L. & E. E. Hunt Cycle Co.]] bicycle manufacturers (1899)
*** 1908: former location of [[H. L. Hunt]] plumbers and electricians (1905), [[Parisian|Parisian Dry-Block Co.]] (1914), [[Sherer & Kessler]] / [[Frank Denson]] milliner / [[Wilson Clark Shoe Co.]] (1926), [[Ladies Shine Shop]] (1929), [[Cobb's Ladies Clothing]] (1937), [[Kay Jewelers]] (1964)
+
*** 1908: former location of [[H. L. Hunt]] plumbers and electricians (1905), [[McClure 10¢ Co.]] (1907), [[Parisian|Parisian Dry-Block Co.]] (1914), [[Sherer & Kessler]] / [[Frank Denson]] milliner / [[Wilson Clark Shoe Co.]] (1926), [[Ladies Shine Shop]] (1929), [[Cobb's Ladies Clothing]] (1937), [[Kay Jewelers]] (1964)
*** 1910: [[Atrium Building]], former location of [[King Joy Inn]] (1920-1926), [[Wathen Furniture]] (1929), [[Burger-Phillips]] mens' department (1937), [[Rhodes-Carroll Furniture]], [[Sojourns]], [[Shift]] (December 2015-April 2016)
+
*** 1910: [[Atrium Building]], former location of [[F. B. Johnson]] (1907), [[King Joy Inn]] (1920-1926), [[Wathen Furniture]] (1929), [[Burger-Phillips]] mens' department (1937), [[Rhodes-Carroll Furniture]], [[Sojourns]], [[Shift]] (December 2015-April 2016)
 +
**** 1910½: former location of [[Jackson Loan Co.]] (1907)
 
*** 1912-1916: [[Crittenden Building]] (built 1924), later the [[Burger-Phillips building]], home of [[Burger-Phillips]] department store (1933-1964)
 
*** 1912-1916: [[Crittenden Building]] (built 1924), later the [[Burger-Phillips building]], home of [[Burger-Phillips]] department store (1933-1964)
 
**** 1912-1914: former location of [[J. Blach & Sons]] department store (1905-1935)
 
**** 1912-1914: former location of [[J. Blach & Sons]] department store (1905-1935)
***** 1912: former location of [[Oster Radio Shop]] (1929)
+
***** 1912: former location of [[McGeever Furniture Co.]] (1907), [[Oster Radio Shop]] (1929)
 
****** 1912½: former location of [[Holt & Houlditch Sign Co.]] (1923), successors to [[Hill Sign Co.]]
 
****** 1912½: former location of [[Holt & Houlditch Sign Co.]] (1923), successors to [[Hill Sign Co.]]
 
***** 1914: [[Botanica]] (2019-), former location of [[R. T. Harrison]] livery stable (1887), [[Spiro & Long]] roofers (1897), [[Oster Brothers Furniture]] (1929)
 
***** 1914: [[Botanica]] (2019-), former location of [[R. T. Harrison]] livery stable (1887), [[Spiro & Long]] roofers (1897), [[Oster Brothers Furniture]] (1929)
**** 1916: former location of [[Austin, Hull & Co.]] rubber stamps (1888), [[Williams Music House]] (1914), [[Modern Dress Shoppe]] (1929)
+
**** 1916: former location of [[Austin, Hull & Co.]] rubber stamps (1888), [[Hanley, Lannan & Co.]] (1907), [[Williams Music House]] (1914), [[Modern Dress Shoppe]] (1929)
** [[1918 3rd Avenue North|1918]]: [[1918 3rd Avenue North|3-story building]] (built 1888), [[Haskins Law Office]], former location of a grocery, [[Gaudin Company]] undertakers (1904), [[Hanover Shoe Company]] (1926-1937), [[Dan Cohen]] shoes, [[Jobe-Rose]] (1959-1960s)
+
** [[1918 3rd Avenue North|1918]]: [[1918 3rd Avenue North|3-story building]] (built 1888), [[Haskins Law Office]], former location of a grocery, [[Gaudin Company]] undertakers (1904), [[B. C. Bynum Millinery Co.]] (1907), [[Hanover Shoe Company]] (1926-1937), [[Dan Cohen]] shoes, [[Jobe-Rose]] (1959-1960s)
 
*** 1918½: former location of [[E. Peddinghaus]] photographer (1920), [[Holt Sign Co.]] (1926)
 
*** 1918½: former location of [[E. Peddinghaus]] photographer (1920), [[Holt Sign Co.]] (1926)
** 1920: [[The Vault Bar & Lounge]], former location of [[Lee Martin's Bagnio]] (1888), [[G. R. Kinney Co.]] (1925-1926), [[Kinney's Family Store]] (1929), [[Williams Music House]] (1934), [[Chandler's]] shoes (1937), [[S. Spiro]] furnishings and appliances,  [[Steiner Bank]] (1963-), [[Speakeasy 1920]]
+
** 1920: [[The Vault Bar & Lounge]], former location of [[Lee Martin's Bagnio]] (1888), [[Simon Spiro]] (1907), [[G. R. Kinney Co.]] (1925-1926), [[Kinney's Family Store]] (1929), [[Williams Music House]] (1934), [[Chandler's]] shoes (1937), [[S. Spiro]] furnishings and appliances,  [[Steiner Bank]] (1963-), [[Speakeasy 1920]]
** 1922: former location of [[S.H. Matthews]] Carriages, Buggies & Wagons (1887), [[Forbes Piano Company|E. E. Forbes & Sons Piano Co.]] (1926-1934) / [[Business & Professional Women's Club]] (1926-1928) / [[Newark Shoe Co.]] (1926)
+
** 1922: [[Allen Building]] (built before 1904), former location of [[S.H. Matthews]] Carriages, Buggies & Wagons (1887), [[Hood, Yeilding & Co.]] (1907), [[Forbes Piano Company|E. E. Forbes & Sons Piano Co.]] (1926-1934) / [[Business & Professional Women's Club]] (1926-1928) / [[Newark Shoe Co.]] (1926)
*** 1922½: [[Allen Building]] (1904)
+
*** 1922½: [[Allen Building]] entrance
 
** 1924-1926: [[Kessler Building]] (built 1890)
 
** 1924-1926: [[Kessler Building]] (built 1890)
*** 1924: former location of [[All-American Shoe Store]] (1926), [[Newark Shoe Co.]] (1929), millinery shop, [[Kessler's]] ready-to-wear (1915?-1960s)
+
*** 1924: former location of [[I. R. Rubenstein]] / [[L. J. Robbins]] (1907), [[All-American Shoe Store]] (1926), [[Newark Shoe Co.]] (1929), millinery shop, [[Kessler's]] ready-to-wear (1915?-1960s)
*** 1926: former location of [[Holston's]] bootery / shoe store (1925-1926), [[Florence Hosiery Shoppe]] (1929)
+
*** 1926: former location of [[Walkover Shoe Co.]] (1907), [[Holston's]] bootery / shoe store (1925-1926), [[Florence Hosiery Shoppe]] (1929)
 
** 1928-1932: [[Hood Building]] (built 1890), later the [[Blach's building]] (built 1890), former location of [[Hood-Yeilding General Merchandise Store]] (1890-), [[Bencor Hotel]] (1910-1935), [[Blach's]] (1936-1980s), [[Blach's Lofts]] (2007-)
 
** 1928-1932: [[Hood Building]] (built 1890), later the [[Blach's building]] (built 1890), former location of [[Hood-Yeilding General Merchandise Store]] (1890-), [[Bencor Hotel]] (1910-1935), [[Blach's]] (1936-1980s), [[Blach's Lofts]] (2007-)
 
*** 1928: former location of [[Wright Hat Stores]] (1916), [[Kaufman Hats]] (1926-1929)
 
*** 1928: former location of [[Wright Hat Stores]] (1916), [[Kaufman Hats]] (1926-1929)
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*** 1932: former location of [[A. Schulute Cigars]] (1929), [[Wallock's]] (1937)
 
*** 1932: former location of [[A. Schulute Cigars]] (1929), [[Wallock's]] (1937)
  
* South side ([[Block 86]]) This block was described in 1900 as "occupied by one-story buildings used for negro restaurants, barber shops, etc."
+
* south side ([[Block 86]])  
 +
:''This block was described in 1900 as "occupied by one-story buildings used for negro restaurants, barber shops, etc."''
 
** 1901-1907: [[California Fashion Mall]] (built 1939), former location of [[Simon Block]] (1886-), [[F. W. Woolworth]] (1939–1988)
 
** 1901-1907: [[California Fashion Mall]] (built 1939), former location of [[Simon Block]] (1886-), [[F. W. Woolworth]] (1939–1988)
 
*** 1901: former location of [[W. G. Patterson Cigar Co.]] (1926), [[L. A. Moore Shop]] (1929)
 
*** 1901: former location of [[W. G. Patterson Cigar Co.]] (1926), [[L. A. Moore Shop]] (1929)
 
**** 1901B: former location of [[The Song Shoppe]] (1926-1927)
 
**** 1901B: former location of [[The Song Shoppe]] (1926-1927)
 
*** 1903: former location of [[Boston Hatters]] (1926), [[Dixie Shirt Shop]] (1929)
 
*** 1903: former location of [[Boston Hatters]] (1926), [[Dixie Shirt Shop]] (1929)
*** 1905: former location of [[Slayton & Mauldin saloon]] (1899), [[Guarantee Shoe Co.]] (1914-1929)
+
*** 1905: former location of [[Slayton & Mauldin saloon]] (1899), [[Guarantee Shoe Co.]] (1907–1929)
*** 1907: former location of [[Marie Louise]] sodas, confectionery & lunches (1925), [[Martha Washington Candy Store]] / [[Marie Louise Flower Shop]] (1926) [[Mance Millinery Co.]] (1929), [[Berry's Smart Shoes]] (1935)
+
*** 1907: former location of [[Burn Jewelry Co.]] (1907), [[Marie Louise]] sodas, confectionery & lunches (1925), [[Martha Washington Candy Store]] / [[Marie Louise Flower Shop]] (1926) [[Mance Millinery Co.]] (1929), [[Berry's Smart Shoes]] (1935)
** 1909: former location of [[Loeb Specialty Shop]] "House of a Thousand Hats", (1925-1926)
+
** 1909: former location of [[E. E. Forbes Piano Co.]] (1907), [[Loeb Specialty Shop]] "House of a Thousand Hats", (1925-1926)
** 1911-1913: [[New Williams Lofts]] former location of [[Ben Jacobs Furniture Co.]], [[House of Jacobs]], [[New Williams]] (1918-1988)
+
** 1911-1913: [[New Williams Lofts]] former location of [[Ben M. Jacobs & Bros.]] (1907), [[Ben Jacobs Furniture Co.]], [[House of Jacobs]], [[New Williams]] (1918-1988)
 
*** 1911: former location of [[William Robinson]] billiard room (1887), [[Debbie's Alabama Beauty College]]
 
*** 1911: former location of [[William Robinson]] billiard room (1887), [[Debbie's Alabama Beauty College]]
 
*** 1913: former location of [[Oliver Diffay]] fruit dealer (1887), [[G. W. Jones]] barber (1888), [[Clark & Jones Piano Co.]] (June 1917-1929), [[Nisley Shoes]] (1937)
 
*** 1913: former location of [[Oliver Diffay]] fruit dealer (1887), [[G. W. Jones]] barber (1888), [[Clark & Jones Piano Co.]] (June 1917-1929), [[Nisley Shoes]] (1937)
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*** 1915: former location of [[G. S. Evans]] barber shop (1887), [[Evans & Jones]] barber shop (1888), [[P. M. Edwards]] / [[James Wiley]] restaurants (1904)
 
*** 1915: former location of [[G. S. Evans]] barber shop (1887), [[Evans & Jones]] barber shop (1888), [[P. M. Edwards]] / [[James Wiley]] restaurants (1904)
 
** 1919-1921: 3-story commercial building (west side facade remodeled after 1925)
 
** 1919-1921: 3-story commercial building (west side facade remodeled after 1925)
*** 1919: former location of [[Gilbert Trunk Factory]], [[Birmingham Arms & Cycle Co.]] (1914), [[S. A. Williams Co.]] clothing (1925-1926), [[Becker's Shoe Store]] (1929), [[Bond Clothing Company]] (1937-1964)
+
*** 1919: former location of [[Jacob Traub]] (1907), [[Gilbert Trunk Factory]], [[Birmingham Arms & Cycle Co.]] (1914), [[S. A. Williams Co.]] clothing (1925-1926), [[Becker's Shoe Store]] (1929), [[Bond Clothing Company]] (1937-1964)
*** 1921: former location of [[Maggie Bracken]]'s brothel (1880s),  [[Wallace Strickland]] restaurant (1904), [[Newsome's Ice Cream Parlor]] (1910s), [[Alabama Luggage Factory]] (1925-1926), [[Rialto Tea Room]] (1929), [[Newsome's]] candy store, [[The Vanity]] boutique, [[Mauricé Distinctive Fashions]] (1937-1940), [[Stein's]] men's clothes (1964)
+
*** 1921: former location of [[Maggie Bracken]]'s brothel (1880s),  [[Wallace Strickland]] restaurant (1904), [[Cox Shoe Co.]] / [[L. GInzler]] (1907), [[Newsome's Ice Cream Parlor]] (1910s), [[Alabama Luggage Factory]] (1925-1926), [[Rialto Tea Room]] (1929), [[Newsome's]] candy store, [[The Vanity]] boutique, [[Mauricé Distinctive Fashions]] (1937-1940), [[Stein's]] men's clothes (1964)
 
**** 1221½: former location of  [[Marinello Beauty Shoppe]] (1925-1926)
 
**** 1221½: former location of  [[Marinello Beauty Shoppe]] (1925-1926)
** 1923: [[Bonita Theater]] building (built 1906), [[Moore Solutions]] (2006-), former location of the [[Bonita Theater]] (1906-), [[H-P Hat Store]] (1914-1915), [[Rialto Theatre]] (1915-1930s), [[Guarantee Shoe Company]] (1937-1964), [[Famous Shoe Bar]] (1980s) [[Gift World]] (1990s)
+
** 1923: [[Bonita Theater]] building (built 1906), [[Moore Solutions]] (2006-), former location of the [[Bonita Theater]] (1906-), [[A. S. Smith]] / [[James Sharp]] (1907),  [[H-P Hat Store]] (1914-1915), [[Rialto Theatre]] (1915-1930s), [[Guarantee Shoe Company]] (1937-1964), [[Famous Shoe Bar]] (1980s) [[Gift World]] (1990s)
 
** 1925-1933: [[Farley Building]] (built 1909), former home of the [[Altrurian Society]]
 
** 1925-1933: [[Farley Building]] (built 1909), former home of the [[Altrurian Society]]
 
*** 1925: former location of [[Thom McAn]] shoes (1926), [[Thompson Shoes]] (1929), [[Julie Ann Hat Shop]] (1964)
 
*** 1925: former location of [[Thom McAn]] shoes (1926), [[Thompson Shoes]] (1929), [[Julie Ann Hat Shop]] (1964)

Revision as of 12:06, 7 March 2020

3rd Avenue North, looking east from 18th Street in October 1972
3rd Avenue North, looking northeast from 21st Street, c. 1911

Third Avenue North is an east-west street running through downtown Birmingham. The westernmost section by that name ends at Center Street, although the road continues further west as 3rd Avenue West. The easternmost section ends at 88th Street, just west of Roebuck Municipal Golf Course.

Third Avenue is continuous from Center Street to Carraway Boulevard (formerly 26th Street North). At that point, it is interrupted by the 2nd Avenue North off-ramp of the Elton B. Stephens Expressway and railroad tracks. The road is one way eastbound from 9th to 26th Street North. There is a short segment of 3rd on the west side of 28th Street North. The next segment curves from 29th Street northward to line up with 31st Street North across Messer Airport Highway.

The avenue does not appear again eastward until Forest Hills Cemetery next to the I-20/I-59 interchange. At this point, Richard Arrington, Jr. Boulevard North (formerly 10th Avenue North), becomes 3rd Avenue. Third then continues northeast with some gaps, notably at Trotwood Park, I-59, and East Lake Park, to 88th Street.

The two-way portion of 3rd Avenue from Center Street to 9th Avenue is five lanes wide. The one-way portion is four lanes from 9th to 14th Street North and three lanes from 14th to between 24th and 25th Street. At this point, the left lane becomes an on-ramp for the Elton B. Stephens Expressway. Throughout the 1970s and most of the 1980s, this on-ramp was the northernmost point to get on the expressway as it did not connect to I-20/I-59 at that time. Third Avenue continues as two lanes under the expressway to Carraway Boulevard. The rest of the road segments east of here are two lanes as well.

History

The initial commercial expansion on 3rd Avenue took place on the south side of the street during the 1880s between 20th and 21st Streets. Third Avenue was also where the first two county courthouses in Birmingham were built (at 21st Street). The courthouse attracted other development to the intersection where it was located, such as the Title Guaranty Building.

Three stores on the north side of the 1800 block (Block 72), modernized in 1961, were damaged in a major fire on the evening of December 17, 1970.

The first section of 3rd Avenue North to be converted from two-way to one-way (eastbound) traffic was from 14th Street North to Red Mountain Expressway. The one-way section was expanded westward to 9th Street North in 1973 by the Alabama Department of Transportation's TOPICS (Traffic Operations Program to Increase Capacity and Safety) program.

Notable locations

For an alphabetical list of locations, see the 3rd Avenue North category.

Smithfield neighborhood

Fountain Heights

11th Street North

12th Street North

13th Street North

14th Street North

    • north side (Block 68):
      • 1400-1430: Edwards Chevrolet (1944-)
        • 1400-1402: former location of duplex residence (1891), former location of Trackside Gas Station (1941)
        • 1404-1406: former location of duplex residence (1891)
        • 1408-1410: former location of duplex residence (1891)
        • 1412: former location of dwelling (1891)
        • 1416: former location of dwelling (1891)
        • 1420: former location of dwelling (1891)
        • 1424: former location of dwelling (1891)
        • 1430: former location of dwelling (1891), Braswell Tire Co. (1941)
    • south side (Block 91):
      • 1401-1421: Edwards Chevrolet used car lot
        • 1401: former location of grocery (1891), Olin Maddis potter (1941)
        • 1403: former location of dwelling (1891)
        • 1407: former location of dwelling (1891)
        • 1409: former location of store attached to dwelling (1891)
        • 1411: former location of M. M. Nance bakery (1887), Robert Funk bakery (1888), dwelling (1891)
        • 1413: former location of dwelling (1891)
        • 1417: former location of dwelling (1891)
        • 1421: former location of dwelling (1891)
      • 1421-1427: former location of Baker's Frozen Sweets (1941), Baker's Ice Cream Co. (1964)
        • 1423: former location of dwelling (1891)
        • 1427: former location of dwelling (1891)
      • 1429-1431: former location of Canon Tire Co. (1964)
        • 1431: former location of dwelling (1891)

15th Street North

16th Street North

Pantages Theatre in 1945

17th Street North

Parisian in the 1920s
The Lyric Theatre in 1930

18th Street North

Central City

1926 photograph of 3rd Avenue North, looking east from the 1900 block
Postcard view of 3rd Avenue North, looking west from 20th Street

19th Street North

This block was described in 1900 as "occupied by one-story buildings used for negro restaurants, barber shops, etc."
The Empire Theater in 1981

20th Street North

21st Street North

22nd Street North

23rd Street North

24th Street North

25th Street North

References

  • White, Marjorie Longenecker, ed. (1980) Downtown Birmingham: Architectural and Historical Walking Tour Guide, second edition. Birmingham: Birmingham Historical Society.
  • R.L. Polk & Co. (1919) "R.L. Polk & Co.'s Birmingham City Directory"
  • Polk's Birmingham (Jefferson County, Ala.) City Directory (1964) Richmond, Virginia: R. L. Polk & Co.

External links

3rd Avenue North on Google Maps