Difference between revisions of "3rd Avenue North"

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(Smithfield neighborhood)
(Smithfield neighborhood)
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* [[7th Street North]] intersects
 
* [[7th Street North]] intersects
** 700: former location of [[Samuel Fede]] restaurant (1941), [[Moffat Bearings Co.]] (1964)
+
** 700–702: 1-story commercial building
** 701: former location of [[Luke Glasper]] barber (1941), [[Rice Beauty Salon]] (1974)
+
*** 700: former location of [[Samuel Fede]] restaurant (1941), [[Moffat Bearings Co.]] (1964), [[Jesus Is Lord Church]] (2007)
** 703: former location of [[New Deal Cleaners]] (1941)
+
** 701–703: 2-story commercial building
 +
*** 701: former location of [[Luke Glasper]] barber (1941), [[Rice Beauty Salon]] (1974), [[Denise's Anointed Hair Studio]] (2007–2011)
 +
*** 703: former location of [[New Deal Cleaners]] (1941), [[Mariam's African Hair]] (2007–2011)
 
** 704: former location of [[Red Front Store]] ([[Phillip Cusamano]] 1958-1964)
 
** 704: former location of [[Red Front Store]] ([[Phillip Cusamano]] 1958-1964)
** 705: [[Oh Hair & Nail Studio]], former location of [[Laundry, Dry Cleaning & Dye House Workers International Union, Local No. 218]] (1964). [[Nicole B Boutique]]
+
** 705: [[Oh Hair & Nail Studio]], former location of [[Laundry, Dry Cleaning & Dye House Workers International Union, Local No. 218]] (1964). [[Nicole B Boutique]], [[Beautiful You Hair & Nails]] (2007–2009), [[Hair World By Liz]] (2011)
** 709: former location of [[Royal Cleaners & Hatters]] (1964)
+
** 709: [[S W Marble & Granite]], former location of [[Royal Cleaners & Hatters]] (1964), [[California Closets] (2007–2009)
 
** 714: former location of [[Vulcan Service Company]] (1956-)
 
** 714: former location of [[Vulcan Service Company]] (1956-)
 
** 720-730: former location of [[Stringfellow Lumber Co.]] (1941-1964)
 
** 720-730: former location of [[Stringfellow Lumber Co.]] (1941-1964)
 +
*** 724: former location of [[D & B Mortgage Service]] (2007), [[Techmaster Auto Electric]] (2007–2009)
 +
••• 730: [[Furniture Warehouse]] / [[Premium Home Improvements]] / [[Shepard & Shepard]] desk rental (2007)
 
** 727: former location of [[Appliance Parts Distributors]] (1964)
 
** 727: former location of [[Appliance Parts Distributors]] (1964)
 
** 729: former location of [[J. B. Braswell Co.]] auto parts (1964)
 
** 729: former location of [[J. B. Braswell Co.]] auto parts (1964)
** 731: former location of [[Robins Transfer Co.]] / [[Tuscaloosa Motor Expres]] (1941), [[Braswell Tire Co.]] (1964)
+
** 731: [[Foundation Repair Specialists]] / [[Southern Home Structural Specialist]], former location of [[Robins Transfer Co.]] / [[Tuscaloosa Motor Express]] (1941), [[Braswell Tire Co.]] (1964), [[Foundations Unlimited]] (2007)
 +
 
 
* [[8th Street North]] intersects (south only)
 
* [[8th Street North]] intersects (south only)
** 800: [[Fleet Serve]], former location of [[Birmingham Cotton Mills]] (1885)
+
** 800: [[FleetServe]] / [[Mobile Fleet Specialists]] (2007–), former location of [[Birmingham Cotton Mills]] (1885),
** 801: [[Alabama Adult Books]], former location of [[NIcholas Sarris]] restaurant (1941), [[Gold Star Barbecue]] restaurant (1964)
+
** 801: [[Alabama Adult Books]] (2007–), former location of [[NIcholas Sarris]] restaurant (1941), [[Gold Star Barbecue]] restaurant (1964)
 
** 803: former location of [[Art Sign Co.]] (1927)
 
** 803: former location of [[Art Sign Co.]] (1927)
** 824: [[Church's Chicken]]
+
** 809–813: [[Anderson-Brown Building]], former location of [[CMA Credit Union]] (2011)
** 830-838: former location of [[Mutual Oil Co.]] gas station (1941-1964)
+
*** 809: former location of [[Anderson's New Construction]] (2016)
 +
*** 813: former location of [[God's Vineyard of Restoration Church]] (2015–2019)
 +
** 819: [[All American Insurance]] (2007–)
 +
** 821–829: vacant lot
 +
** 824–830: [[Church's Chicken]] (2007–), former location of [[Mutual Oil Co.]] gas station (1941-1964)
 +
 
 
* [[9th Street North]] intersects
 
* [[9th Street North]] intersects
** 900: [[Adams Inn]]
+
** 900–930: former location of [[Birmingham Transit Company]] car barn, [[Adams Inn|Sheraton Inn]] (built 1972), [[Adams Inn|Ramada Inn]], [[Adams Inn|Amad Inn]], [[Adams Inn|Central Inn]] (burned 2013, demolished 2014)
** 901-911: former location of [[Howard Odorless Cleaners]] (1941-1964)
+
** 901-911: [[UniFirst]] uniforms (2007), former location of [[Howard Odorless Cleaners]] (1941-1964)
*** 907: [[UniFirst]]
+
 
** 921: former location of [[Palmer & Little]] grocery (1941)
 
** 921: former location of [[Palmer & Little]] grocery (1941)
 
** 923: former location of [[Henry Bryant]] secondhand furniture (1941)
 
** 923: former location of [[Henry Bryant]] secondhand furniture (1941)
 
** 923: former location of [[Pioneer Roofing & Siding Co.]] (1941)
 
** 923: former location of [[Pioneer Roofing & Siding Co.]] (1941)
 
** 931: former location of [[Beco Cleaners]] (1941), [[Noles Machine & Welding]] (1964)
 
** 931: former location of [[Beco Cleaners]] (1941), [[Noles Machine & Welding]] (1964)
 +
 
* [[10th Street North]] intersects, onramp to [[I-65]] south
 
* [[10th Street North]] intersects, onramp to [[I-65]] south
 
** 1001: former location of [[Henry Giardina]] grocery (1941)
 
** 1001: former location of [[Henry Giardina]] grocery (1941)

Revision as of 11:40, 19 April 2020

3rd Avenue North, looking east from 18th Street in October 1972
3rd Avenue North, looking northeast from 21st Street, c. 1911

Third Avenue North is an east-west street running through downtown Birmingham. The westernmost section by that name ends at Center Street, although the road continues further west as 3rd Avenue West. The easternmost section ends at 88th Street, just west of Roebuck Municipal Golf Course.

Third Avenue is continuous from Center Street to Carraway Boulevard (formerly 26th Street North). At that point, it is interrupted by the 2nd Avenue North off-ramp of the Elton B. Stephens Expressway and railroad tracks. The road is one way eastbound from 9th to 26th Street North. There is a short segment of 3rd on the west side of 28th Street North. The next segment curves from 29th Street northward to line up with 31st Street North across Messer Airport Highway.

The avenue does not appear again eastward until Forest Hills Cemetery next to the I-20/I-59 interchange. At this point, Richard Arrington, Jr. Boulevard North (formerly 10th Avenue North), becomes 3rd Avenue. Third then continues northeast with some gaps, notably at Trotwood Park, I-59, and East Lake Park, to 88th Street.

The two-way portion of 3rd Avenue from Center Street to 9th Avenue is five lanes wide. The one-way portion is four lanes from 9th to 14th Street North and three lanes from 14th to between 24th and 25th Street. At this point, the left lane becomes an on-ramp for the Elton B. Stephens Expressway. Throughout the 1970s and most of the 1980s, this on-ramp was the northernmost point to get on the expressway as it did not connect to I-20/I-59 at that time. Third Avenue continues as two lanes under the expressway to Carraway Boulevard. The rest of the road segments east of here are two lanes as well.

History

The initial commercial expansion on 3rd Avenue took place on the south side of the street during the 1880s between 20th and 21st Streets. Third Avenue was also where the first two county courthouses in Birmingham were built (at 21st Street). The courthouse attracted other development to the intersection where it was located, such as the Title Guaranty Building.

Three stores on the north side of the 1800 block (Block 72), modernized in 1961, were damaged in a major fire on the evening of December 17, 1970.

The first section of 3rd Avenue North to be converted from two-way to one-way (eastbound) traffic was from 14th Street North to Red Mountain Expressway. The one-way section was expanded westward to 9th Street North in 1973 by the Alabama Department of Transportation's TOPICS (Traffic Operations Program to Increase Capacity and Safety) program.

Notable locations

For an alphabetical list of locations, see the 3rd Avenue North category.

Smithfield neighborhood

••• 730: Furniture Warehouse / Premium Home Improvements / Shepard & Shepard desk rental (2007)

Fountain Heights

11th Street North

12th Street North

13th Street North

14th Street North

    • north side (Block 68):
      • 1400-1430: Edwards Chevrolet (1944-)
        • 1400-1402: former location of duplex residence (1891), former location of Trackside Gas Station (1941)
        • 1404-1406: former location of duplex residence (1891)
        • 1408-1410: former location of duplex residence (1891)
        • 1412: former location of dwelling (1891)
        • 1416: former location of dwelling (1891)
        • 1420: former location of dwelling (1891)
        • 1424: former location of dwelling (1891)
        • 1430: former location of dwelling (1891), Braswell Tire Co. (1941)
    • south side (Block 91):
      • 1401-1421: Edwards Chevrolet used car lot
        • 1401: former location of grocery (1891), Olin Maddis potter (1941)
        • 1403: former location of dwelling (1891)
        • 1407: former location of dwelling (1891)
        • 1409: former location of store attached to dwelling (1891)
        • 1411: former location of M. M. Nance bakery (1887), Robert Funk bakery (1888), dwelling (1891)
        • 1413: former location of dwelling (1891)
        • 1417: former location of dwelling (1891)
        • 1421: former location of dwelling (1891)
      • 1421-1427: former location of Baker's Frozen Sweets (1941), Baker's Ice Cream Co. (1964)
        • 1423: former location of dwelling (1891)
        • 1427: former location of dwelling (1891)
      • 1429-1431: former location of Canon Tire Co. (1964)
        • 1431: former location of dwelling (1891)

15th Street North

16th Street North

Pantages Theatre in 1945

17th Street North

Parisian in the 1920s
The Lyric Theatre in 1930

18th Street North

Central City

1926 photograph of 3rd Avenue North, looking east from the 1900 block
Postcard view of 3rd Avenue North, looking west from 20th Street

19th Street North

This block was described in 1900 as "occupied by one-story buildings used for negro restaurants, barber shops, etc."
The Empire Theater in 1981

20th Street North

21st Street North

22nd Street North

23rd Street North

24th Street North

25th Street North

References

  • White, Marjorie Longenecker, ed. (1980) Downtown Birmingham: Architectural and Historical Walking Tour Guide, second edition. Birmingham: Birmingham Historical Society.
  • R.L. Polk & Co. (1919) "R.L. Polk & Co.'s Birmingham City Directory"
  • Polk's Birmingham (Jefferson County, Ala.) City Directory (1964) Richmond, Virginia: R. L. Polk & Co.

External links

3rd Avenue North on Google Maps