Difference between revisions of "3rd Avenue North"

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(16th Street North)
(17th Street North)
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** 1722-1730: [[Booker T. Washington Building]] (built 1928), former location of [[Parisian]] (1928-1932), [[Calder Furniture Co.]] (1941), [[Gulf Mills Discount Store]] (1964), [[Citizens Federal Savings & Loan]] (1968-), [[Booker T. Washington Insurance Co.]], [[Citizens Trust Bank]] (2003-)
 
** 1722-1730: [[Booker T. Washington Building]] (built 1928), former location of [[Parisian]] (1928-1932), [[Calder Furniture Co.]] (1941), [[Gulf Mills Discount Store]] (1964), [[Citizens Federal Savings & Loan]] (1968-), [[Booker T. Washington Insurance Co.]], [[Citizens Trust Bank]] (2003-)
 
*** 1724: former location of [[Strickland Clothing Co.]] (1920-1921)
 
*** 1724: former location of [[Strickland Clothing Co.]] (1920-1921)
*** 1726: former location of haberdasher (1920)
+
*** 1726: former location of [[Hamilton Furniture Co.]] (1905), haberdasher (1920)
 
*** 1730: former location of [[Argeros & Co.]] fruit & tobacco (1920-1921)
 
*** 1730: former location of [[Argeros & Co.]] fruit & tobacco (1920-1921)
  
 
* south side ([[Block 88]]):
 
* south side ([[Block 88]]):
 
** 1701–1707: parking lot
 
** 1701–1707: parking lot
*** 1701: former location of dwelling (1891) [[J. M. Brown]] plumber (1923), [[State Lunch Room]], [[State Grill]] restaurant ([[Tom Bonduras]] 1929-1964)
+
*** 1701–1703: former location of [[American Nuewspaper Union]] (1905)
**** 1701½: former location of ''[[The Call]]'' publishing company (1920)
+
**** 1701: former location of dwelling (1891) [[J. M. Brown]] plumber (1923), [[State Lunch Room]], [[State Grill]] restaurant ([[Tom Bonduras]] 1929-1964)
*** 1703: former location of [[Birmingham Food Products Co.]] (1925),  [[Dixie Clothing Co.]] (1929), [[Hotpoint Electric Supplies]] (1931), [[Bentley's]] electrical equipment (1941), [[Globe Loan Co.]] (1964)
+
***** 1701½: former location of ''[[The Call]]'' publishing company (1920)
**** 1703½: former location of [[Eileen Levinge Dance Studios]] (1964)
+
**** 1703: former location of [[Birmingham Food Products Co.]] (1925),  [[Dixie Clothing Co.]] (1929), [[Hotpoint Electric Supplies]] (1931), [[Bentley's]] electrical equipment (1941), [[Globe Loan Co.]] (1964)
 +
***** 1703½: former location of [[Eileen Levinge Dance Studios]] (1964)
 
*** 1705: former location of [[Birmingham Publishing Co.]] (1920), [[National Clothing Co.]] (1929), [[Lincoln Finance Co.]] (1964)
 
*** 1705: former location of [[Birmingham Publishing Co.]] (1920), [[National Clothing Co.]] (1929), [[Lincoln Finance Co.]] (1964)
 
*** 1707: former location of [[Wheeler-Smith Furniture]], [[Hamilton Furniture Co.]], [[Jefferson Furniture Manufacturing Co.]] (1930s), [[Smith Bros. Furniture Exchange]] (1941), [[Jefferson Music Co.]] record store (1946), [[Sewing Machine Exchange]] (1964)
 
*** 1707: former location of [[Wheeler-Smith Furniture]], [[Hamilton Furniture Co.]], [[Jefferson Furniture Manufacturing Co.]] (1930s), [[Smith Bros. Furniture Exchange]] (1941), [[Jefferson Music Co.]] record store (1946), [[Sewing Machine Exchange]] (1964)
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*** 1723: former location of [[Blue Ribbon Shoe Shop]] (1923), [[Val's Print & Copy Corner]] (2007)
 
*** 1723: former location of [[Blue Ribbon Shoe Shop]] (1923), [[Val's Print & Copy Corner]] (2007)
 
** 1725: [[Jazzi's on 3rd]] (2016-), former location of plumbing company (1891), [[New York Hatters]] (1929-1941), [[Africanese]] boutique (2007–2015)
 
** 1725: [[Jazzi's on 3rd]] (2016-), former location of plumbing company (1891), [[New York Hatters]] (1929-1941), [[Africanese]] boutique (2007–2015)
** 1727: [[Moore Styles]] barber shop (2014-), former location of dwelling (1891), [[Magic City Loan Co.]] (1929-1941)
+
** 1727: [[Moore Styles]] barber shop (2014-), former location of dwelling (1891), [[R. L. Dix]] / [[Sims & Holland]] (1905), [[Magic City Loan Co.]] (1929-1941)
*** 1727½: former location of the ''[[Birmingham Eagle]]'' newspaper (1920)
+
*** 1727½: former location of [[YMCA]] (1905), ''[[Birmingham Eagle]]'' newspaper (1920)
** 1729–1731: 2-story commercial building
+
** 1729–1731: [[1792 3rd Avenue North|2-story commercial building]]
 
*** 1729½: former location of the ''[[Birmingham Free Speech]]'' newspaper (1904), [[W. L. Lauderdale]] (1905), [[William P. Wilson]] dentist / [[Mabry-Conway Co.]] dental laboratory / [[Percy Reid]] dentist / [[Elite Beauty Shop]] / ''[[Labor Advocate]]'' (1941)
 
*** 1729½: former location of the ''[[Birmingham Free Speech]]'' newspaper (1904), [[W. L. Lauderdale]] (1905), [[William P. Wilson]] dentist / [[Mabry-Conway Co.]] dental laboratory / [[Percy Reid]] dentist / [[Elite Beauty Shop]] / ''[[Labor Advocate]]'' (1941)
 
*** 1731: [[Terry's Place]], former location of dwelling (1891), [[People's Drug Co.]] (1904), [[Jimmie's Soda and Cigar]] (1929-1931), [[The Kottage]] (2008), [[Legends Sports Bar & Lounge]] / [[Legends Cigar Bar]] (2011-2018)
 
*** 1731: [[Terry's Place]], former location of dwelling (1891), [[People's Drug Co.]] (1904), [[Jimmie's Soda and Cigar]] (1929-1931), [[The Kottage]] (2008), [[Legends Sports Bar & Lounge]] / [[Legends Cigar Bar]] (2011-2018)

Revision as of 10:20, 2 August 2020

3rd Avenue North, looking east from 18th Street in October 1972
3rd Avenue North, looking northeast from 21st Street, c. 1911

Third Avenue North is an east-west street running through downtown Birmingham. The westernmost section by that name ends at Center Street, although the road continues further west as 3rd Avenue West. The easternmost section ends at 88th Street, just west of Roebuck Municipal Golf Course.

Third Avenue is continuous from Center Street to Carraway Boulevard (formerly 26th Street North). At that point, it is interrupted by the 2nd Avenue North off-ramp of the Elton B. Stephens Expressway and railroad tracks. The road is one way eastbound from 9th to 26th Street North. There is a short segment of 3rd on the west side of 28th Street North. The next segment curves from 29th Street northward to line up with 31st Street North across Messer Airport Highway.

The avenue does not appear again eastward until Forest Hills Cemetery next to the I-20/I-59 interchange. At this point, Richard Arrington, Jr. Boulevard North (formerly 10th Avenue North), becomes 3rd Avenue. Third then continues northeast with some gaps, notably at Trotwood Park, I-59, and East Lake Park, to 88th Street.

The two-way portion of 3rd Avenue from Center Street to 9th Avenue is five lanes wide. The one-way portion is four lanes from 9th to 14th Street North and three lanes from 14th to between 24th and 25th Street. At this point, the left lane becomes an on-ramp for the Elton B. Stephens Expressway. Throughout the 1970s and most of the 1980s, this on-ramp was the northernmost point to get on the expressway as it did not connect to I-20/I-59 at that time. Third Avenue continues as two lanes under the expressway to Carraway Boulevard. The rest of the road segments east of here are two lanes as well.

History

The initial commercial expansion on 3rd Avenue took place on the south side of the street during the 1880s between 20th and 21st Streets. Third Avenue was also where the first two county courthouses in Birmingham were built (at 21st Street). The courthouse attracted other development to the intersection where it was located, such as the Title Guaranty Building.

Three stores on the north side of the 1800 block (Block 72), modernized in 1961, were damaged in a major fire on the evening of December 17, 1970.

The first section of 3rd Avenue North to be converted from two-way to one-way (eastbound) traffic was from 14th Street North to Red Mountain Expressway. The one-way section was expanded westward to 9th Street North in 1973 by the Alabama Department of Transportation's TOPICS (Traffic Operations Program to Increase Capacity and Safety) program.

Notable locations

For an alphabetical list of locations, see the 3rd Avenue North category.

Smithfield neighborhood

••• 730: Furniture Warehouse / Premium Home Improvements / Shepard & Shepard desk rental (2007)

Fountain Heights

11th Street North

12th Street North

13th Street North

14th Street North

    • north side (Block 68):
      • 1400-1430: Edwards Chevrolet (1944-)
        • 1400-1402: former location of duplex residence (1891), former location of Trackside Gas Station (1941)
        • 1404-1406: former location of duplex residence (1891)
        • 1408-1410: former location of duplex residence (1891)
        • 1412: former location of dwelling (1891)
        • 1416: former location of dwelling (1891)
        • 1420: former location of dwelling (1891)
        • 1424: former location of dwelling (1891)
        • 1430: former location of dwelling (1891), Braswell Tire Co. (1941)
    • south side (Block 91):
      • 1401-1421: Edwards Chevrolet used car lot
        • 1401: former location of grocery (1891), Olin Maddis potter (1941)
        • 1403: former location of dwelling (1891)
        • 1407: former location of dwelling (1891)
        • 1409: former location of store attached to dwelling (1891)
        • 1411: former location of M. M. Nance bakery (1887), Robert Funk bakery (1888), dwelling (1891)
        • 1413: former location of dwelling (1891)
        • 1417: former location of dwelling (1891)
        • 1421: former location of dwelling (1891)
      • 1421-1427: former location of Baker's Frozen Sweets (1941), Baker's Ice Cream Co. (1964)
        • 1423: former location of dwelling (1891)
        • 1427: former location of dwelling (1891)
      • 1429-1431: former location of Canon Tire Co. (1964)
        • 1431: former location of dwelling (1891)

15th Street North

16th Street North

Pantages Theatre in 1945

17th Street North

Parisian in the 1920s
The Lyric Theatre in 1930

18th Street North

Central City

1926 photograph of 3rd Avenue North, looking east from the 1900 block
Postcard view of 3rd Avenue North, looking west from 20th Street

19th Street North

This block was described in 1900 as "occupied by one-story buildings used for negro restaurants, barber shops, etc."
The Empire Theater in 1981

20th Street North

21st Street North

22nd Street North

23rd Street North

24th Street North

25th Street North

References

  • White, Marjorie Longenecker, ed. (1980) Downtown Birmingham: Architectural and Historical Walking Tour Guide, second edition. Birmingham: Birmingham Historical Society.
  • R.L. Polk & Co. (1919) "R.L. Polk & Co.'s Birmingham City Directory"
  • Polk's Birmingham (Jefferson County, Ala.) City Directory (1964) Richmond, Virginia: R. L. Polk & Co.

External links

3rd Avenue North on Google Maps