Difference between revisions of "5th Avenue North"

From Bhamwiki
Jump to: navigation, search
(Central City neighborhood)
(Central City neighborhood)
Line 127: Line 127:
 
** North side ([[Block 47]]):
 
** North side ([[Block 47]]):
 
*** 1900-1930:[[Regions Center]] (built 1972 as [[Regions Center|First National-Southern Natural Building]]
 
*** 1900-1930:[[Regions Center]] (built 1972 as [[Regions Center|First National-Southern Natural Building]]
**** 1900-1902: former location of [[Randolph Cafe]] (1941)
+
**** 1900-1902: former location of [[Randolph Cafe]] (1941), [[The Villa]] restaurant (1959)
 +
**** 1904: former location of [[Ford Finance Co.]] (1959)
 
**** 1906: former location of [[Evins Realty Co.]] / [[Clay Finance Co.]] (1941)
 
**** 1906: former location of [[Evins Realty Co.]] / [[Clay Finance Co.]] (1941)
**** 1908: former location of [[Wilson Photo Service]] (1941)
+
**** 1908: former location of [[Wilson Photo Service]] (1941), [[Gray Finance Co.]] (1959)
**** 1910A: former location of [[C. E. Leonard Mortgage Co.]] (1941)
+
**** 1910: former location of [[C. E. Leonard Mortgage Co.]] (1941-1959)
**** 1912: former location of [[Hutto-Scogin Realty Co.]] / [[Winter Realty Co.]] / [[Home Termite Co.]] / [[Illuminated Numbers Inc.]] (1941)
+
**** 1912: former location of [[Hutto-Scogin Realty Co.]] / [[Winter Realty Co.]] / [[Home Termite Co.]] / [[Illuminated Numbers Inc.]] (1941), [[Standard Loan Service]] (1959)
**** 1914: former location of [[F. C. Sherrod & Co.]] / [[Joseph H. Walker]] real estate (1941)
+
**** 1914: former location of [[F. C. Sherrod & Co.]] / [[Joseph H. Walker]] real estate (1941), [[Alabama Music Center]] (1959)
**** 1916-1918: former location of [[Jenkins Cab & Auto Co.]] / [[Red Top Cab Co.]] (1920-1926), [[Dixie Drive-It-Yourself]] (1941)
+
**** 1916-1918: former location of [[Jenkins Cab & Auto Co.]] / [[Red Top Cab Co.]] (1920-1926), [[Dixie Drive-It-Yourself]] (1941-1959)
 
***** 1916: former location of [[Dixie Drive-It-Yourself System]] (1948)
 
***** 1916: former location of [[Dixie Drive-It-Yourself System]] (1948)
 
***** 1918: former location of [[George Farris]] restaurant (1928)
 
***** 1918: former location of [[George Farris]] restaurant (1928)
**** 1920: former location of [[Apollo Club]] (1902), [[R. F. Manly & Co.]] real estate & insurance (1926-1941)
+
**** 1920-1922: former location of the [[Manly Building]], [[R. F. Manly & Co.]] real estate & insurance (1926-1959)
**** 1930: former location of the [[E. W. Linn residence]] (1884), [[Southern Club]] (1926), [[U.S. Works Progress Administration]] (1941)
+
***** 1920: former location of [[Apollo Club]] (1902)
 +
**** 1930: former location of the [[E. W. Linn residence]] (1884), [[Southern Club]] (1926), [[U.S. Works Progress Administration]] (1941), [[American Red Cross]] (1959)
  
 
[[File:Krystal 1931 5th Av N.jpg|right|thumb|350px|Krystal hamburger stand at 5th and 20th]]
 
[[File:Krystal 1931 5th Av N.jpg|right|thumb|350px|Krystal hamburger stand at 5th and 20th]]
Line 145: Line 147:
 
**** 1903-1905: former location of [[DeSoto Hotel]] (1926-1970)
 
**** 1903-1905: former location of [[DeSoto Hotel]] (1926-1970)
 
***** 1905: former location of book shop (1926-1931), [[Hotel DeSoto Barber Shop]] (1926-1941), books (1970), [[AristoCuts]] (1982)
 
***** 1905: former location of book shop (1926-1931), [[Hotel DeSoto Barber Shop]] (1926-1941), books (1970), [[AristoCuts]] (1982)
**** 1907: former location of [[P & A Sales Co.]] / [[Service Electric Co.]] (1926-1931), [[Jane Speed's Book Store]] (1937-1940), [[Wilfred Naylor]] photo apparatus (1941), [[H. & R. Block]] tax preparers (1970), [[Papa Nick's]] (1982)  
+
**** 1907: former location of [[P & A Sales Co.]] / [[Service Electric Co.]] (1926-1931), [[Jane Speed's Book Store]] (1937-1940), [[Wilfred Naylor]] photo apparatus (1941), [[David Clayton]] bookkeeper (1959), [[H. & R. Block]] tax preparers (1970), [[Papa Nick's]] (1982)  
*** 1909: [[Subway Restaurant]] (2010-), former location of hat cleaners (1931), [[Radio Service Co.]] (1941), [[E. L. Baldwin & Associates]] (1970), [[Cliff's Cleaners]] (1982), [[Fifth Avenue Coffee House]] (1996-2010)
+
*** 1909: [[Subway Restaurant]] (2010-), former location of hat cleaners (1931), [[Radio Service Co.]] (1941), [[Dixie Bookkeeping]] (1959), [[E. L. Baldwin & Associates]] (1959-1970), [[Cliff's Cleaners]] (1982), [[Fifth Avenue Coffee House]] (1996-2010)
**** 1909½ : former location of [[Wilson Studio]] (1926), [[Lyle & Gaston]] photo finishers (1941)
+
**** 1909½ : former location of [[Wilson Studio]] (1926), [[Lyle & Gaston]] photo finishers (1941), [[Birmingham Club of the Deaf]] (1959)
 
*** 1911: former location of [[Alabama Typewriter Co.]] (1926), [[New Hat Cleaning Co.]] (1941), [[Dixie Sporting Goods]] (1948), [[Rollo's Bar B-Q]] (1982)
 
*** 1911: former location of [[Alabama Typewriter Co.]] (1926), [[New Hat Cleaning Co.]] (1941), [[Dixie Sporting Goods]] (1948), [[Rollo's Bar B-Q]] (1982)
*** 1913: [[Chick Fil-A]], former location of [[Bell Radio Corp.]] (1926), building equipment company (1931), [[Star Barbeque]] restaurant (1941)
+
*** 1913: [[Chick Fil-A]], former location of [[Bell Radio Corp.]] (1926), building equipment company (1931), [[Star Barbeque]] restaurant (1941), [[Audio Hi Fidelity Co.]] (1959)
 
*** 1915-1917: [[Wells Fargo Tower]] parking deck (1986-)
 
*** 1915-1917: [[Wells Fargo Tower]] parking deck (1986-)
**** 1915: former location of parking lot (1931), [[Oscar Downs]] restaurant (1941), [[DeMoes' Lunch Counter]], the [[Alhambra Restaurant]], [[The Fire Pit]] (1963-) and the [[Gold Torch]] restaurant and lounge (1972-1973), law office storage (1982)
+
**** 1915: former location of parking lot (1931), [[Oscar Downs]] restaurant (1941), [[DeMoes' Lunch Counter]], the [[Alhambra Restaurant]], [[The Pit]] restaurant (1959), [[The Fire Pit]] (1963-) and the [[Gold Torch]] restaurant and lounge (1972-1973), law office storage (1982)
 
**** 1917: former location of [[Saunders System Birmingham]] (1926), [[Dixie Drive-It-Yourself System]] (1934), [[J. Howard Burke]] auto parking (1941), [[Feeny Jewelry Sales]] (1970), [[Bar B-Q King]] (1982)
 
**** 1917: former location of [[Saunders System Birmingham]] (1926), [[Dixie Drive-It-Yourself System]] (1934), [[J. Howard Burke]] auto parking (1941), [[Feeny Jewelry Sales]] (1970), [[Bar B-Q King]] (1982)
 
*** 1919-1931: [[Wells Fargo Tower]] (built 1986 as [[Wells Fargo Tower|SouthTrust Tower]]), former location of [[Williams-Henley building]]
 
*** 1919-1931: [[Wells Fargo Tower]] (built 1986 as [[Wells Fargo Tower|SouthTrust Tower]]), former location of [[Williams-Henley building]]
**** 1919: former location of [[L. M. Smith & Corona Typewriters]] (1931), [[Alabama Terminix Co.]] (1941), [[Ben Chapman's Bowling Lanes]] and [[Lo-Mac Bowl]] (opened [[1950]])
+
**** 1919: former location of [[L. M. Smith & Corona Typewriters]] (1931), [[Alabama Terminix Co.]] (1941), [[Ben Chapman's Bowling Lanes]] and [[Lo-Mac Bowl]] (1950-1959)
 
**** 1921: former location of [[Southern Club]] (1904), [[Southern Bell]] (1926), [[Alabama Typewriter Co.]] (1931), [[L. C. Smith & Corona Typewriters Inc.]] (1941), [[Nuncie's Music]] (1945- 1983)
 
**** 1921: former location of [[Southern Club]] (1904), [[Southern Bell]] (1926), [[Alabama Typewriter Co.]] (1931), [[L. C. Smith & Corona Typewriters Inc.]] (1941), [[Nuncie's Music]] (1945- 1983)
**** 1923: former location of [[Alabama Typewriter Co.]] (1941)
+
**** 1923: former location of [[Alabama Typewriter Co.]] (1941), [[Russell Photo Supply Co.]] (1959)
**** 1925: former location of [[National Distributors Co.]] / [[American Flag & Decorating Co.]] (1941)
+
**** 1925: former location of [[National Distributors Co.]] / [[American Flag & Decorating Co.]] (1941), [[Blankinship-Porter Co.]] (1959)
**** 1927: former location of [[A. L. Hochstadter residence]] (1884), [[People's Finance & Thrift Co.]] (1926) [[Faulkner Novelty Co.]] (1931-1941), [[Carr Floral Co.]] (1970)
+
**** 1927: former location of [[A. L. Hochstadter residence]] (1884), [[People's Finance & Thrift Co.]] (1926) [[Faulkner Novelty Co.]] (1931-1941), [[Carr's School of Floral Designing]] (1959), [[Carr Floral Co.]] (1970)
 
***** 1927½ : former location of [[Pruit's Shooting Gallery]] side (1941)
 
***** 1927½ : former location of [[Pruit's Shooting Gallery]] side (1941)
 
**** 1931: former location of [[Jacob Fies residence]] (1884), [[Krystal]] hamburgers (1970-1974), [[Jefferson Federal Savings & Loan]] branch (1974-1982)
 
**** 1931: former location of [[Jacob Fies residence]] (1884), [[Krystal]] hamburgers (1970-1974), [[Jefferson Federal Savings & Loan]] branch (1974-1982)
Line 166: Line 168:
 
*** 2000-2010: [[Financial Center]] (built 1982)
 
*** 2000-2010: [[Financial Center]] (built 1982)
 
**** 2000-2002: former location of [[Molton Hotel]] (built 1914, demolished 1979)
 
**** 2000-2002: former location of [[Molton Hotel]] (built 1914, demolished 1979)
***** 2000: former location of [[Eastern Air Lines]] ticket office (1970)
+
***** 2000: former location of [[Eastern Air Lines]] ticket office (1959-1970)
***** 2002: former location of [[John Henley residence]] (1884), [[Badham & Co.]] clothiers (1925), [[Claudine Lawley Beauty Salon]] (1930s-1941), [[Delta Air Lines]] ticket office (1970)
+
***** 2002: former location of [[John Henley residence]] (1884), [[Badham & Co.]] clothiers (1925), [[Claudine Lawley Beauty Salon]] (1930s-1941), [[Delta Air Lines]] ticket office (1959-1970)
*** 2004: former location of [[Black Cat Cafe]] (1925), [[Industrial Loan & Finance Co.]] (1941) / [[T. G. Realty Co.]] (1941), barber shop (1970)
+
****** 2002A: former location of [[Mason's Barber Shop]] (1959)
*** 2006: former location of [[Montgomery's Inc.]] (1926), [[Howard Odorless Cleaners]] (1941), [[Industrial Loan Co.]] (1970)
+
*** 2004: former location of [[Black Cat Cafe]] (1925), [[T. G. Realty Co.]] (1941), [[Industrial Loan & Finance Co.]] (1941-1959), barber shop (1970)
*** 2008: former location of [[Gus Mayer]] (1926), [[Christian Science Reading Room]] (1941), [[Cliff's 1-Hour Valet]] formal wear and cleaners, antique shop (1970)
+
*** 2006: former location of [[Montgomery's Inc.]] (1926), [[Howard Odorless Cleaners]] (1941), [[Neal's Antiques]] (1959), [[Industrial Loan Co.]] (1970)
*** 2010: former location of  [[Henley & Co.]] real estate / [[James A. Going]] real estate / [[Smith Cullom Real Estate & Insurance Co.]] / [[Samuel Murphy]] (1941), cleaners/real estate office (1970)
+
*** 2008: former location of [[Gus Mayer]] (1926), [[Christian Science Reading Room]] (1941), [[Cliff's 1-Hour Valet]] cleaners (1959-1970)
 +
*** 2010: former location of  [[Henley & Co.]] real estate / [[James A. Going]] real estate / [[Smith Cullom Real Estate & Insurance Co.]] / [[Samuel Murphy]] (1941), [[Edna Cullom]] / [[Lucius Evins]] / [[Fulton Clark]] / [[Henley & Co.]] real estate & insurance (1959)
 
*** 2012-2024: [[Birmingham Parking Authority Deck 5]] (built 1983)
 
*** 2012-2024: [[Birmingham Parking Authority Deck 5]] (built 1983)
**** 2012: former location of [[Fifth Avenue Parking Lot]] (1941)
+
**** 2012: former location of [[Fifth Avenue Parking Lot]] (1941), [[Tutwiler Hotel Parking Lot]] (1959)
 
**** 2016: former location of the [[Oregon Hotel]] (1920), [[The Weatherly]] (1926), [[Mayflower Apartments]] (1941)
 
**** 2016: former location of the [[Oregon Hotel]] (1920), [[The Weatherly]] (1926), [[Mayflower Apartments]] (1941)
 
**** 2018-2020: former location of [[Motor Livery Co.]] (1926), [[Hertz Rent-a-Car]] (1934-1970)
 
**** 2018-2020: former location of [[Motor Livery Co.]] (1926), [[Hertz Rent-a-Car]] (1934-1970)
**** 2022: former location of [[Oyster Bar]] restaurant (1964-1970), [[General Gorgas Post No. 1]] American Legions (1941)
+
**** 2022: former location of [[The Oyster Bar]] restaurant (1959-1970), [[General Gorgas Post No. 1]] American Legions (1941)
 
**** 2024: former location of [[Fifth Avenue Shoe Shop]] (1923), [[Sherwood Moore]] real estate (1925), [[Humphrey Co.]] (1926)
 
**** 2024: former location of [[Fifth Avenue Shoe Shop]] (1923), [[Sherwood Moore]] real estate (1925), [[Humphrey Co.]] (1926)
**** 2026: former location of [[Jim Charlie]] laundry (1941)
+
**** 2026: former location of [[Jim Charlie]] laundry (1941), [[One Hour Cleaners]] (1959)
 
*** 2028-2030: parking lot, former location of [[Paramount Grill]] restaurant (1941)
 
*** 2028-2030: parking lot, former location of [[Paramount Grill]] restaurant (1941)
**** 2028: former location of [[Birmingham Violin Shop]] / [[Wales Adding Machine Co.]] (1926), laundry (1970)
+
**** 2028: former location of [[Birmingham Violin Shop]] / [[Wales Adding Machine Co.]] (1926), [[Roy Clay]] accountant (1959), laundry (1970)
**** 2030: former location of [[G. W. Hewitt residence]] (1884), [[Sanders Cafe]] (1926-1927), The [[Tut-Mont]] steakhouse & restaurant (1964-1970)
+
**** 2030: former location of [[G. W. Hewitt residence]] (1884), [[Sanders Cafe]] (1926-1927), The [[Tut-Mont]] steakhouse & restaurant (1959-1970)
 +
 
 
** South side ([[Block 59]]):
 
** South side ([[Block 59]]):
 
*** 2001-2011: [[Viva Health building]] (built [[1976]] as [[Viva Health building|First Alabama Bank Building]]) former location of [[Mortimer Jordan residence]] (1884), [[Tutwiler Hotel]] (built 1913, demolished 1974)
 
*** 2001-2011: [[Viva Health building]] (built [[1976]] as [[Viva Health building|First Alabama Bank Building]]) former location of [[Mortimer Jordan residence]] (1884), [[Tutwiler Hotel]] (built 1913, demolished 1974)
Line 189: Line 193:
 
*** 2017: former location of [[Manhattan Rubber Manufacturing Co.]] (1925-1926), [[James Sign Co.]] (1941), [[Fred Sington Sporting Goods]] (1948-1970)
 
*** 2017: former location of [[Manhattan Rubber Manufacturing Co.]] (1925-1926), [[James Sign Co.]] (1941), [[Fred Sington Sporting Goods]] (1948-1970)
 
**** 2017½: former location of [[F. M. Osment Paper Company]] (1949)
 
**** 2017½: former location of [[F. M. Osment Paper Company]] (1949)
*** 2019: former location of the [[Domestic Electric Company]] (1926), [[ABC Liquor Store]] (1941-1970)
+
*** 2019: former location of the [[Domestic Electric Company]] (1926), [[ABC Liquor Store]] (1941) [[Standard Jewelry Co.]] (1959), [[ABC Store]] (1970)
*** 2021-2023: former location of [[Southern Store Fixture Co.]] (1926), [[Auto Storage & Rental Co.]] / [[Orum Young]] auto repar (1941), [[Avis Auto Rental]] (1970)
+
*** 2021-2023: former location of [[Southern Store Fixture Co.]] (1926), [[Orum Young]] auto repair (1941), [[Auto Storage & Rental Co.]] (1941-1959), [[Avis Auto Rental]] (1970)
*** 2025: former location of [[Mary Ball Candy Kitchen]] (1941)
+
*** 2025-2031: former location of [[Fifth Avenue Car Park]] (1959)
**** 2025½ : former location of [[Alabama Dental Laboratory]] (1941)
+
**** 2025: former location of [[Mary Ball Candy Kitchen]] (1941)
*** 2027-2035: [[Birmingham Parking Authority Deck 3]] extension (built 2009), former location of [[Birmingham Parking Authority Lot B]]
+
***** 2025½ : former location of [[Alabama Dental Laboratory]] (1941)
**** 2027: former location of [[Southern Barbers' Supply Co.]] / [[Beauty Parlor Supply Co.]] (1926)
+
**** 2027-2035: [[Birmingham Parking Authority Deck 3]] extension (built 2009), former location of [[Birmingham Parking Authority Lot B]]
**** 2029-2031: former location of [[Dixie Incandescent Lamp Co.]] / [[Releef Products Co.]] (1926)
+
***** 2027: former location of [[Southern Barbers' Supply Co.]] / [[Beauty Parlor Supply Co.]] (1926)
***** 2029: former location of [[Fifth Avenue Lunch]] restaurant (1941), [[Christian Science Reading Room]]
+
***** 2029-2031: former location of [[Dixie Incandescent Lamp Co.]] / [[Releef Products Co.]] (1926)
***** 2031: former location of [[Spiro Rassas]] barber shop (1941)
+
****** 2029: former location of [[Fifth Avenue Lunch]] restaurant (1941), [[Christian Science Reading Room]]
****** 2031½ : former location of [[Richard Williams]] attorney (1941)
+
****** 2031: former location of [[Spiro Rassas]] barber shop (1941)
**** 2033: former location of [[All-American Cafe]] (1923), [[Fifth Avenue Hat Cleaning Co.]] (1941)
+
******* 2031½ : former location of [[Richard Williams]] attorney (1941)
**** 2035: former location of [[Greenwood Bros.]] (1926), [[Nicholas Triantos]] restaurant (1941)
+
***** 2033: former location of [[All-American Cafe]] (1923), [[Fifth Avenue Hat Cleaning Co.]] (1941)
 +
***** 2035: former location of [[Greenwood Bros.]] (1926), [[Nicholas Triantos]] restaurant (1941) [[Nick's Barbecue Stand]] (1959)
  
 
* [[21st Street North]] intersection
 
* [[21st Street North]] intersection

Revision as of 08:14, 12 October 2019

5th Avenue North is an east-west downtown street in Birmingham's northside. It ends at a drainage headwall for Valley Creek at 7th Street North to the west and becomes Messer Airport Highway to the east as it crosses below the Elton B. Stephens Expressway and the Norfolk Southern Railroad.

The eastern end of 5th Avenue North downtown was once the principal entranceway into Birmingham by rail, as it was the site of the Birmingham Terminal Station. Many of Birmingham's early hotels were constructed along 5th Avenue heading west toward 20th street from the station.

The intersection of 5th Avenue North with 24th Street North is close to the geographical center of Birmingham. A large storm culvert extends from downtown to I-65 below 5th Avenue North.

There is a short, block-long strip of 5th Avenue North adjacent to Forest Hill Cemetery in Woodlawn and another dead-end section between Trotwood Park and I-59. A longer section of 5th Avenue North is located in East Lake between 73rd and 90th Streets. An unconnected short dead-end section can also be accessed by 91st Street North near Zion Memorial Gardens.

History

In 1945 electric lighting was installed on 5th Avenue North between Center Street and 19th street under the city's contract with the Birmingham Electric Company.

In October 1958 5th Avenue North was converted into a four-lane thoroughfare by eliminating on-street parking from Bush Boulevard in the west to 41st Street in Avondale. The move was expected to increase the street's traffic-carrying capacity by 30 percent and was part of a traffic plan by which 1st and 5th Avenues would serve as cross-town thoroughfares while 2nd, 3rd and 4th would serve for bus traffic and as connectors to the downtown business district. The installation of new coordinated traffic signals and the removal of obsolete streetcar wires was part of the conversion.

5th Avenue North was converted from two-way to one-way (eastbound) traffic was from 9th Street North to Red Mountain Expressway in 1973 by the Alabama Department of Transportation's TOPICS (Traffic Operations Program to Increase Capacity and Safety) program.

Notable locations

Fountain Heights neighborhood

Central City neighborhood

Jane Speed's Book Store at 1907 5th Avenue North, 1937-1940
.
Krystal hamburger stand at 5th and 20th

Woodlawn neighborhood

North East Lake neighborhood

References

  • "Fun facts, historical tidbits and tips to find your way around Birmingham from traffic engineer John Garrett." (January 2, 2007) Birmingham News
  • "Fifth Avenue Becomes Through-Street" (October __, 1958) Birmingham News