Difference between revisions of "Center Street"

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(Locations)
(Locations)
Line 17: Line 17:
 
* [[Division Court North]] intersects (east only)
 
* [[Division Court North]] intersects (east only)
 
* [[Morris Avenue]] intersects (east only)
 
* [[Morris Avenue]] intersects (east only)
 +
** 57: former location of [[Birmingham Fire Station No. 21]]
 +
** 60: [[Arlington Cleaners]]
 
* [[1st Avenue North]] (east) [[Cotton Avenue Southwest]] (west) intersects
 
* [[1st Avenue North]] (east) [[Cotton Avenue Southwest]] (west) intersects
 +
** 100: [[Kimbrough Family Life Community Center]]
 +
** 117: [[Starlight Ballroom]]
 
* [[2nd Avenue North]] (east) [[Tuscaloosa Avenue Southwest]] (west) intersects
 
* [[2nd Avenue North]] (east) [[Tuscaloosa Avenue Southwest]] (west) intersects
 +
** 200–206: [[Elyton School]] (built 1908)
 +
** 201: [[Center Street Food Gas Diesel]]
 +
** 208–212: [[Elyton Elementary School]] addition
 +
** 215: [[JMo's Place]], former location of [[Robertson Glass]]
 
* [[2nd Court North]] intersects (east only)
 
* [[2nd Court North]] intersects (east only)
 
* [[Princeton Avenue Southwest]] intersects (west only)
 
* [[Princeton Avenue Southwest]] intersects (west only)
Line 25: Line 33:
 
* [[Valley Creek]] bridge
 
* [[Valley Creek]] bridge
 
** 270: [[Porter Warner Industries]]
 
** 270: [[Porter Warner Industries]]
 +
** 280: [[Paco's Food Mart]], former location of [[Top Dollar Gold & Silver]]
 
* [[3rd Avenue West]] intersects
 
* [[3rd Avenue West]] intersects
** 300: former site of [[William Walker Sr residence]]
+
** 300–330: [[Elyton Village]] public housing project (built 1938), former location of [[Earle-Greene plantation]]
 +
*** 300: former location of [[William Walker Sr residence]] (built 1848)
 
** 301: [[Elyton Meat Center]]
 
** 301: [[Elyton Meat Center]]
 +
* [[4th Avenue North]] intersects (east only)
 +
* [[4th Court North]] intersects (east only)
 
* 432: [[Elyton Child Development Center]]
 
* 432: [[Elyton Child Development Center]]
* 517: [[Thirgood Memorial CME Church]]
+
* [[4th Terrace North]] intersects (east only)
* 521: [[Family Dollar]]
+
** 447: [[7th Avenue Baptist Church]]
* 950: former location of [[Mary Means Monk]]'s residence, [[List of racially-motivated bombings|bombed]] on [[December 21]], [[1950]]
+
** 455: [[Etheridge Brothers Barber Shop]]
* 961: [[Our Lady Queen of the Universe Catholic Church]], [[List of racially-motivated bombings|bombed]] on [[March 21]], [[1965]]
+
* [[Graymont Avenue North]] (east) [[Graymont Avenue West]] (west) intersects
* 1024: [[First Congregational Church]]
+
** 501: [[Family Dollar]]
* 1100: [[Hayes-Davis residence]], former location of [[Milton Curry]]'s residence, [[List of racially-motivated bombings|bombed]] three times in [[1949]]-[[1950]]
+
** 517: [[Thirgood Memorial CME Church]]
 +
* [[6th Avenue North]] (east) [[6th Court West]] (west) intersects
 +
** 600: [[Tabernacle Baptist Church]]
 +
** 620: [[Smithfield Library]]
 +
** 621: [[Millennium Mini Mart]]
 +
* [[Reverend Abraham Woods Jr Boulevard]] (east) [[8th Avenue West]] (west) intersects
 +
** 801–927: [[Smithfield Court]] public housing project (built 1937)
 +
* [[9th Avenue West]] intersects (west only)
 +
* [[9th Court North]] (east) [[9th Court West]] (west) intersects
 +
** 950: former location of [[Mary Means Monk]]'s residence, [[List of racially-motivated bombings|bombed]] on December 21, 1950
 +
** 961: [[Our Lady Queen of the Universe Catholic Church]], [[List of racially-motivated bombings|bombed]] on March 21, 1965
 +
* [[10th Avenue North]] (east) [[10th Avenue West]] (west) intersects
 +
** 1024: [[First Congregational Christian Church]]
 +
* [[10th Court North]] (east) [[10th Court West]] (west) intersects
 +
* [[Center Street Bridge]] over {{I-59/20}}
 +
** 1100: [[Hayes-Davis residence]], former location of [[Milton Curry]]'s residence, [[List of racially-motivated bombings|bombed]] three times between 1949 and 1950
 +
* [[11th Court North]] (east) [[11th Court West]] (west) intersects
 +
* [[12th Avenue North]] (east) [[12th Avenue West]] (west) intersects
 +
* [[13th Avenue North]] (east) [[13th Avenue West]] (west) intersects
 +
* [[Bankhead Highway North]] (east) [[Bankhead Highway West]] (west) intersects
 +
** [[St Peter Missionary Baptist Church]]
 +
** access to [[Dorothy Spears Greenway]] / [[Enon Ridge Trail]]
  
 
===Center Street South===
 
===Center Street South===
 +
* [[Alabama Great Southern Railroad]] crosses Center Place South
 +
* [[1st Avenue South]] (east) [[1st Avenue Southwest]] (west) intersects
 +
* [[2nd Avenue South]] (east) [[2nd Avenue Southwest]] (west) intersects
 +
* [[3rd Avenue South]] (east) [[3rd Avenue Southwest]] (west) intersects
 +
* [[4th Avenue South]] (east) [[4th Avenue Southwest]] (west) intersects
 +
* [[5th Avenue South]] (east) [[5th Avenue Southwest]] (west) intersects
 +
** [[Titusville Library]]
 +
* [[6th Avenue South]] (east) [[6th Avenue Southwest]] (west) intersects
 +
* [[7th Avenue South]] intersects (east only)
 +
* [[16th Avenue South]] intersects (east only)
 +
* [[17th Avenue South]] (east) [[7th Avenue Southwest]] (west) intersects
 +
* [[18th Avenue South]] (east) [[8th Avenue Southwest]] (west) intersects
 +
* [[9th Avenue Southwest]] intersects (west only)
 +
* [[20th Avenue South]] intersects (east only)
 +
* [[20th Court South]] intersects (east only)
 +
* [[9th Terrace Southwest]] intersects (west only)
 +
** 2028: [[Peace Baptist Church]]
 +
* [[11th Avenue Southwest]] intersects (west only)
 +
* [[Hollins Drive]] intersects (east only)
 +
* street ends at [[Green Springs Avenue South]] (east) [[Green Springs Southwest]] (west)
 +
* access to [[Spring Haven Park]]
  
 
==References==
 
==References==

Revision as of 14:21, 25 March 2020

Center Street in the Smithfield community divides downtown from Western Birmingham.

Prior to 1930, Center Street South ran from the southern city limit along the west line of Section 11, Township 18 South, Range 3 West; to Avenue F. From there it continued as Mary Street through the Sessions Land Company addition to Section 3, Township 18 South, Range 3 West. In Elyton Center Street North continued as Broad Street and Square Street, then was known as William Street in Smithfield, as 11th Street in the Walker Land Company's "Wade track" [sic] and North Birmingham, and as Avenue A in Zion Heights. The 1930 Birmingham General Code renamed all of those sections as "Center Street".

The street is a defining border for the Birmingham street grid. East of Center Street, streets and avenues are designated "north" or "south" depending on their location relative to the Railroad Reservation. West of Center Street, both streets and avenues are designated as "west" if they are north of Valley Creek, while roads south of the creek are designated "southwest".

Prior to the 1950s, the street served as a border between residential areas zoned for white and black residents under Birmingham's segregation laws. As that border was challenged by attorney Arthur Shores, and eventually ruled unconstitutional, the district became the focus of a firebombing campaign aimed both at black families moving in and white families selling out. The neighborhood earned the nickname of "Dynamite Hill".

Route

The street is interrupted in several places. Beginning at its southern end at Green Springs Avenue, Center Street South runs due north, past Center Street Middle School to 6th Avenue South. where it bends with the Birmingham street grid. Continuing north by northwest, it jogs over two blocks at 2nd Avenue South in Titusville, then winds across the Norfolk-Southern Railroad tracks into Elyton. It then crosses Valley Creek and bends due north through Graymont, over I-20/59, and ends at Old Bankhead Highway in Fountain Heights.

Center Street North picks up at Finley Boulevard and runs for a few blocks to 26th Avenue North near the Birmingham Food Terminal.

Locations

Center Street North

Center Street South

References

  • Ridenhour, Norman Jr and Ralph Holmes (August 21, 1963) "No One Injured by Blast on Center Street". Birmingham Post-Herald
  • "Fun facts, historical tidbits and tips to find your way around Birmingham from traffic engineer John Garrett." (January 2, 2007) The Birmingham News