Birmingham Board of Trade
A new Birmingham Board of Trade was formed in 1899 as an alternative to the Birmingham Commercial Club, one which would focus more on issues facing merchants rather than all business in the city. Because of its narrower representation, the Board of Trade was able to adopt a unified voice on issues particularly affecting trade.
- City Directory of Birmingham and Gazetteer of Surrounding Section for 1884-5 (1884) Volume II. Atlanta, Georgia: Interstate Directory Company
- Harris, Carl V. (1977) Political Power in Birmingham, 1871-1921. Twentieth-Century America Series. Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press. ISBN 087049211X