9th Congressional District of Alabama

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The 9th Congressional District of Alabama was a U.S. congressional district in central and western Alabama, which elected a representative to the United States House of Representatives. The 9th District was allocated in 1893 and was represented continuously by Democrats except for a brief challenge to Oscar Underwood's election by Republican Truman Aldrich in 1896-1897.


By the 1890s the growth of Birmingham, coupled with overall growth of Alabama's population, increased the number of representatives in the United States house from Alabama to nine. It was decided to draw the new ninth district primarily from Jefferson County but also to include a few more rural counties to the south. In the first election in the district over 29,000 votes were cast.

In 1902, it lost some area to the 6th district.

In 1916, redistricting again occurred, which reduced the ninth district to only include Jefferson County. These boundaries remained essentially the same until the district was dissolved.

By the early 1940s the 9th district had a population of 459,930. This was 103,000 more people than the next largest district, and 209,000 more people than lived in the neighboring 6th district. By the 1950s there were 558,928 people in the ninth district and 250,726 in the 6th district. Yet from 1932 through 1962, the state of Alabama did not reapportion its congressional districts.

Following the 1960 census, Alabama's congressional representation was reduced and the 9th District was reapportioned to other districts.