Archibald Carmichael

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Archibald Hill Carmichael (born June 17, 1864 near Sylvan Grove, Dale County; died July 15, 1947 in Tuscumbia) represented the 8th Congressional District of Alabama in the United States Congress from 1933 to 1937.

Carmichael, the son of former Alabama Secretary of State Jesse Carmichael, attended the public schools in Dale County and graduated from the University of Alabama Law Department in 1886. He was admitted to the bar that same year and opened his practice in Tuscumbia. He married the former Annie Sugg in 1890.

He served as solicitor for the 8th Judicial District of Alabama from 1890 to 1894 and was a delegate to the convention that produced the Alabama Constitution of 1901. He served in the Alabama House of Representatives for two terms (190711 and 191519) and was elected Speaker of the House for the 1907 and 1911 sessions. In 1919 he was elected to the Alabama State Senate, serving until 1923.

During that term he was also appointed to the Alabama State Board of Education and the Tuscumbia Board of Education, and in 1924 to the University of Alabama Board of Trustees, serving in those capacities until his death.

In 1933 Carmichael was elected to fill the vacancy caused by the death of Edward Almon, and was re-elected in 1934 to a full two-year term. He did not run for re-election in 1936, when the office was claimed by John Sparkman. Carmichael subsequently resumed his private practice and dabbled in banking. He is buried at Oakwood Cemetery in Tuscumbia.

Preceded by:
Edward Almon
Representative, 8th Congressional District of Alabama
Succeeded by:
John Sparkman