1789 was 82 years before the founding of the City of Birmingham.
- January: Cherokee Chief Little Turkey's daughter, a possible inspiration for the legend of Noccalula, was captured by John Sevier at Flint River.
- April 20: Little Turkey's daughter was released in a prisoner exchange.
- Lott Holcombe took his father's name, Hosea, upon his father's death.
In 1789, the Russo-Turkish War continued. The first U.S. presidential election concluded with George Washington unanimously elected. Georgetown University was founded. The first United States Congress convened in New York, declaring the Constitution the law of the land. The French Revolution began. William Herschel discovered Enceladus, one of Saturn's moons. Pope Pius VI appointed John Carroll the first Roman Catholic bishop in the United States.
Notable births in 1789 included physicist Georg Ohm, painter John Martin, mathematician Augustin-Louis Cauchy, writer James Fenimore Cooper, and economist Friedrich List. Notable deaths included American patriot Ethan Allen, pioneering midwife Angélique du Coudray, and educator Charles-Michel de l'Épée.
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