- February 11: The Alabama Legislature appropriated $60,000 for the construction of a new Capitol in Montgomery.
- The fraternity Alpha Delta Phi was organized at the University of Alabama.
- The Elyton Herald began publication.
- The Louisville & Nashville Railroad was chartered by the Kentucky state legislature.
- Abner Killough became Jefferson County Sheriff.
- Mitchell Porter was admitted to the bar.
- The family of young Samuel Ullman sailed for America.
- November 25: Frank Evans, newspaper publisher and Mayor of Birmingham
- December 2: William Jemison, Mayor of Tuscaloosa
- Rufus Cobb from the University of Tennessee
In 1850, Nathaniel Hawthorne's The Scarlet Letter was published. American Express was founded. Los Angeles and San Francisco were both incorporated. Richard Wagner's opera Lohengrin premiered. California was admitted as a state.
Notable births in 1850 included educator Seth Low, psychologist Hermann Ebbinghaus, labor union leader Samuel Gompers, politician Champ Clark, cowboy Johnny Ringo, merchant Thomas Lipton, saint Mother Cabrini, and writer Robert Louis Stevenson. Notable deaths included wax sculptor Marie Tussaud, poet William Wordsworth, journalist Margaret Fuller, and President Zachary Taylor.
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