Etowah County

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Etowah County is a 549-square mile county, the smallest in Alabama, with 102,268 residents, located northeast of Jefferson County. Its seat is Gadsden, and the county comprises the Gadsden Metropolitan Statistical Area as defined by the U.S. Census Bureau. It is bordered by Marshall and DeKalb Counties to the north, by Cherokee County to the east, by Calhoun County to the southeast, St Clair County to the southwest, and Blount County to the west.

Etowah County was part of the territory ceded to the United States by the Treaty of Fort Jackson. It was created by the Alabama State Legislature from parts of Cherokee and DeKalb Counties on December 7, 1866, and originally named Baine County in honor of Confederate officer David Baine. The newly-formed county was abolished by the Reconstruction legislature a year later. Following the adoption of a new state constitution on December 1, 1868, the countyt was restored with the same borders, but with a new name. The word "Etowah" is a transcription of the Muscogee (Creek) word "italwa", meaning "town", "people" or "tribe."

The Etowah County Commission meets twice monthly in the 1902 Etowah County Courthouse. The Sheriff is Downey McGee. Etowah County Schools operates 22 public schools. Gadsden City Schools and Attalla City Schools operate public schools in those cities. One college, Gadsden State Community College, is located in Gadsden.

Etowah County is traversed by the Coosa River and Interstate 59. Other major highways crossing Etowah County include U.S. Highway 11, U.S. Highway 278, U.S. Highway 411, and U.S. Highway 431.

Demographics

At the 2010 census there were 104,430 people, 42,036 households, and 28,708 families living in the county. The population density was 195 people per square mile. There were 47,454 housing units at an average density of 86 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 80.3% White, 15.1% Black or African American. 3.3% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. Of the 42,036 households 27.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.3% were married couples living together, 14.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.7% were non-families. 28.1% of households were one person and 11.9% were one person aged 65 or older. The average household size was 2.43 and the average family size was 2.97.

The age distribution was 23.0% under the age of 18, 8.5% from 18 to 24, 24.9% from 25 to 44, 27.8% from 45 to 64, and 15.8% 65 or older. The median age was 40.2 years. For every 100 females, there were 94.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.5 males.

The median household income was $36,422 and the median family income was $44,706. Males had a median income of $39,814 versus $30,220 for females. The per capita income for the county was $20,439. About 13.1% of families and 16.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 24.6% of those under age 18 and 11.2% of those age 65 or over.

Historical population

Year Pop. Change
1870 10,109
1880 15,398 52.3%
1890 21,926 42.4%
1900 27,361 24.8%
1910 39,109 42.9%
1920 47,275 20.9%
1930 63,399 34.1%
1940 72,580 14.5%
1950 93,892 29.4%
1960 96,980 3.3%
1970 94,144 -2.9%
1980 103,057 9.5%
1990 99,840 -3.1%
2000 103,459 3.6%
2010 104,430 0.9%

Municipalities

File:Etowah county location map.png
Location of Etowah County

References

  • Etowah County Centennial Commission (1968) A History of Etowah County, Alabama. Birmingham: Roberts & Son.
  • Heritage of Etowah County, Alabama. (1999) Clanton: Heritage Publishing Consultants Inc.
  • Morton, Patricia Hoskins (February 28, 2018) "Etowah County". Encyclopedia of Alabama - accessed September 4, 2020
  • "Etowah County, Alabama" (May 23, 2020) Wikipedia - accessed September 4, 2020
  • Foscue, Virginia O. (1989) Place Names in Alabama. Tuscaloosa: University of Alabama Press. ISBN 081730410X
35px Etowah County
Topics

Communities | County Commission | Schools | Sheriff

Cities

Altoona | Attalla | Boaz | Gadsden (seat) | Glencoe | Hokes Bluff | Rainbow City | Reece City | Ridgeville | Sardis City | Southside | Walnut Grove

External links