Progress 280 Task Force
The Progress 280 Task Force was a group formed by the Regional Growth Alliance, a cooperative alliance of the Birmingham Regional Chamber of Commerce, the Regional Planning Commission of Greater Birmingham, and Region 2020, to address traffic congestion and development along the Highway 280 corridor from Elton B. Stephens Expressway to Hugh Daniel Drive. The group met between November 2001 and January 2007. It took the ongoing Horizon 280 plans as the starting point for their discussions and recommended a "Skylane Toll Plan" which it commissioned from Tallahassee, Florida engineer Linda Figg.
The members of the group, some of whom also served in the Horizon 280 group, represent citizens who live along the route in question, businesses that have invested in and operate along the route, and representatives of contiguous municipal and county governments.
The task force is currently chaired by Scotty McCallum, with Hank Collins and Della Fancher serving as co-chairs. Other government representatives on the panel include Mary Buckelew, Larry Dillard, Bernard Kincaid, Barbara McCollum, Barry McCulley, Earl Nivens and Terry Oden. Business representatives include David Bair, Charles Carlisle, Barry Copeland, Russell Cunningham, III, Dwight Mullis, David Silverstein and Jennifer Trammell. Citizen representatives on the panel include Nancy Bromberg, Noel Chambless, Della Fancher, Ouida Fritschi, Bo Bohannon, Evan McCauley, Lori Silberblatt, and Merry Williams.
Progress 280's role is to help forge consensus among various interested groups which would be impacted by the future of the corridor, and to advise the Alabama Department of Transportation on "best methods" for plans based on their discussions and knowledge as stakeholders.
Major projects considered as possibilities by the group include:
- In November 2001, Governor Don Seigelman announced an ALDOT plan to overhaul 10 interchanges as grade-separated "urban interchanges" along Highway 280. The 280/I-459 interchange would be the first of these, with others done in phases of 2 or 3 at a time. Prioritizing these interchanges was made a responsibility of a technical advisory subcommittee of Progress 280, and the Highway 119 interchange was identified as the next priority after I-459, with a grade-separated interchange recommended over other alternatives. Proposed interchanges would be located at Office Park, Cherokee Road, Green Valley Road/Rocky Ridge Road, Dolly Ridge Road/Cahaba River Road, Grandview Parkway, Riverview Parkway, Inverness Parkway, Valleydale Road, Meadow Brook Road/Brook Highland Parkway and Highway 119.
- Adding lanes was evaluated as part of ALDOT's analysis of an elevated toll road. Right of way for additional lanes is available east of Lockerbie Road, but would be difficult to obtain closer to town. The concept was seen as providing only "partial relief" of current congestion.
- Light rail was discussed by Steve Ortmann, of STV, Inc. which prepared the Alternatives Analysis for five major traffic corridors in the Birmingham region. He recommended against light rail for Highway 280, but the idea of mass transit as part of the solution was still a positive one.
- Land use planning and "smart growth" along the 280 corridor are seen as necessary to be able to predict and control the use of the highway. The "280 Overlay Plan" is a project of the Metropolitan Planning Organization to address land use priorities.
- High-Occupancy Vehicle (HOV) lanes and/or "Bus Only" lanes
- Signage and enforcement for trucks and slower traffic to keep right.
- Upgrading Grants Mill Road to serve as a parallel traffic corridor.
In June 2005 the University Transportation Center for Alabama at UAB completed a traffic impact study and visualization of seven alternative approaches to traffic congestion relief on Highway 280. The study was commissioned by the Regional Planning Commission of Greater Birmingham with support from Progress 280 and ALDOT. The result of the study was that significant reduction to morning travel time could be realized with construction of urban interchanges east of I-459, but that interchanges west of I-459 would have little impact. Upgrading Grants Mill Road as a parallel corridor would have no impact on 280's congestion. Implementation of Bus Rapid Transit service would have a significant impact at specific interchanges, but would make less of an impact on travel times for the corridor as a whole. The prospect of making at-grade improvements to intersections, as outlined in Horizon 280's improvement plan, would offer negligible benefit east of I-459, but improvement to the Rocky Ridge Road/Green Valley Road intersection would positively impact that specific bottleneck. As a comparison, a brief evaluation of adding two lanes to the easter part of the corridor was made, indicating the improvements were possible, but with several caveats.
The study concluded that the most improvement could be realized through a combination of improvements that included adding urban interchanges and extra lanes east of I-459, reconfiguring the Rocky Ridge/Green Valley interchange either as an urban interchange or by offsetting the intersections, and considering Bus Rapid Transit as part of a regional transit plan.
Skylane toll plan
In June 2006 Progress 280 hired Figg Engineering Group of Tallahassee, Florida to complete a design study for an elevated tollway along the median of Highway 280. Linda Figg presented her schematic designs to the group on August 17, 2006. The task force voted to accept the plans and begin a process of public hearings before submitting them, with any changes, to ALDOT for the funding and scheduling process.
Figg's conceptual design shows a 35-foot-tall elevated four-lane bridge handling 2-way traffic over 10 miles of Highway 280 from Elton B. Stephens Expressway to Eagle Point Drive. The bridge sections would span 150 feet or more between single piers located in existing medians. The design and locations of interchanges, including one at I-459, have not been determined.
Figg's firm was also hired to conduct the public meetings needed to secure community approval for the project. A January 22 meeting focusing on the eastern segment was attended mostly by Shelby County residents who generally support the proposal. A meeting about the western segment the next day was attended by numerous opponents carrying "No Elevated" signs. Philip Morris, an architecture and landscape historian, distributed the signs. He told the group that the structure shown in the proposal "destroys one of the most beautiful approaches to any city in the United States." Attendees were asked to submit written comments before February 9. Figg's group was scheduled to report back to Progress 280 by early March.
By 2011, no plan had been chosen. ALDOT deployed survey crews to determine the best course of action. By 2016, work had begun on a series of urban interchanges and reducing the number of cross-directional intersections ahead of the opening of Grandview Medical Center.
- MacDonald, Ginny (January 24, 2007) "'No Elevated' signs speak for opponents of road plan." The Birmingham News
- Markham, Madoline (July 1, 2011) "A Highway 280 traffic solution?" 280 Living
- Progress 280 website
- Minutes of the Progress 280 Task Force archived from regionalgrowthalliance.com
- University Transportation Center for Alabama (June 2005) U.S. Highway 280 Alternatives Analysis and Visualization (PDF). Report No. 04408.
- Figg Engineering Group website
- Stop Elevated Highway web log for opponents of the Figg proposal