Alabama House of Representatives
The Alabama House of Representatives is the lower house of the Alabama Legislature. The House is composed of 105 members representing an equal amount of districts, with each constituency containing at least 42,380 citizens. The members meet at the Alabama State House in Montgomery.
Powers and process
All revenue-raising matters must originate in the Alabama House, just as in the Congress of the United States. The House must have a quorum to conduct business, and a majority of a quorum can pass any bill except a constitutional amendment, which requires a three-fifths vote of all those elected. An appropriation to a non-government organization, such as a private college, requires a two-thirds vote of those elected.
The House is also one of the five lower houses of state legislatures in the United States that is elected every four years. Virtually all other lower houses, including the United States House of Representatives, are elected for a two-year term. There are no term limits in the House.
Members of the House at the time of their election must have been citizens of Alabama for three years, and have lived in their respective districts for at least one year immediately preceding their election. The Speaker of the House is a member of the body and is elected by his colleagues to serve as its presiding officer.
Members of the House are paid a salary of ten dollars per day, plus expenses other than travel in an amount fixed by joint resolution of the legislature.
The Speaker of the House presides over the House of Representatives. The Speaker is elected by the majority party caucus followed by confirmation of the full House through the passage of a House Resolution. In addition to presiding over the body, the Speaker is also the chief leadership position and controls the flow of legislation and committee assignments. Other House leaders, such as the majority and minority leaders, are elected by their respective party caucuses relative to their party's strength in the chamber.
- Speaker of the House: Mac McCutcheon, District 25 (R-Limestone/Madison County)
- Speaker Pro Tempore: Victor Gaston, District 100 (R-Mobile County)
- Clerk of the House: Jeff Woodard
- Majority Leader: Micky Hammon, District 4 (R-Decatur)
- Minority Leader: Craig Ford, District 28 (D-Etowah County)
House districts in the Birmingham District
|9||Morgan County, Cullman County|
|11||Blount County, Cullman County, Morgan County|
|14||Tuscaloosa County, Walker County, Winston County|
|16||Fayette County, Lamar County, Tuscaloosa County|
|30||Etowah County, St. Clair County|
|34||Blount County, Jefferson County|
|36||Calhoun County, St. Clair County|
|42||Chilton County, Shelby County|
|43||Jefferson County, Shelby County|
|45||St. Clair County, Jefferson County|
|48||Jefferson County, Shelby County|
|49||Bibb County, Shelby County|
|50||St. Clair County, Shelby County|
|61||Pickens County, Tuscaloosa County|
|71||Greene County, Marengo County, Sumter County, Tuscaloosa County|
- Alabama House of Representatives. (January 21, 2014). Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Accessed January 29, 2014.