Tuscaloosa County is a county which borders Jefferson County. It is named in honor of the Mississippian chief Tascaluza. In 2020, the population was enumerated at 227,036, or 16.6% more than the 194,656 residents counted in the 2010 census. The bureau's 2021 estimate was 227,007.
The county is the second-largest in the state in terms of area (trailing only Baldwin County) and sixth-largest in terms of population (behind Jefferson, Mobile, Madison, Montgomery,and Shelby counties).
Its seat and largest city is Tuscaloosa, the state capital from 1826 to 1846.
Tuscaloosa County was established on February 6, 1818. Tourist attractions have included University of Alabama football, the Paul "Bear" Bryant Museum, the Kentuck Festival of the Arts, Dickens Downtown, International City Fest, and Tuscaloosa Christmas Afloat.
Principal agricultural products in Tuscaloosa County have included crops of hay, corn, cotton, soybeans, wheat and snapdragons. Major companies in the county have included JVC, Mercedes-Benz US International, Uniroyal-Goodrich, and Phifer Wire Products.
Tuscaloosa County is located in the west central part of the state, in the region commonly known as West Alabama. The county straddles the boundary between the Appalachian Highlands and the Gulf Coastal Plain and consequently boasts a diverse geography. According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 3,500 km² (1,351 square miles). Nearly 1,324 square miles (3,430 km²) of it is land, and 27 square miles (70 km²) of it (1.99%) is water.
- Walker County (northeast)
- Jefferson County (east)
- Bibb County (southeast)
- Hale County (south)
- Greene County (southwest)
- Pickens County (west)
- Fayette County (northwest)
As of the census² of 2000, there were 164,875 people, 64,517 households, and 41,677 families residing in the county. The population density was 48 persons/km² (124/sq mi). The population core of the county lies in Tuscaloosa-Northport conurbation (including Coaling, Coker, and Holt CDP). The combined 2000 Census population of this area (not including their undesignated suburban census areas) is 103,367, accounting for 62.7% of the county in population, while only accounting for 6.9% in area. Consequently, the population density of the central population core is 439 persons/km² (1137 persons/sq mi), while the density of the county outside the central population core is 17 persons/km² (44 persons/sq mi).
There were 71,429 housing units at an average density of 54/sq mi (21/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 68% White, 29% Black or African American and 1% Asian. Nearly 1.3% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 64,517 households, out of which 30.30% had children under the age of 18 living with them; 47.20% were married couples living together, 14.00% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.40% were non-families. 28.40% of all households were made up of individuals, and 8.30% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.42, and the average family size was 3.00.
In the county, the population was spread out with 23.40% under the age of 18, 16.50% from 18 to 24, 28.10% from 25 to 44, 20.80% from 45 to 64, and 11.30% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females, there were 92.80 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.50 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $34,436, and the median income for a family was $45,485. Males had a median income of $34,807 versus $24,128 for females. The per capita income for the county was $18,998. About 11.30% of families and 17.00% of the population were below the poverty line, including 19.50% of those under age 18 and 13.20% of those age 65 or over.
Tuscaloosa is served by several elected state officials. Tuscaloosa is served by the following elected state officials: two District Court Judges, six Circuit Court Judges, and the District Attorney.
The current Sheriff is Ron Abernathy.
The current Tuscaloosa County Courthouse is located on Greensboro Avenue in downtown Tuscaloosa.
The TV Alabama Tower and the WTTO Tower near Windham Springs are guyed TV masts, which belong to the tallest constructions on earth.
Municipalities and census-designated places
- Tuscaloosa County, Alabama. (March 2, 2008). In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved March 20, 2008.
- Official Tuscaloosa County Sheriff's Office Homepage
- Chamber of Commerce of West Alabama
- Tuscaloosa Convention and Visitor's Bureau
- Tuscaloosa County Industrial Development Authority
- Online Tuscaloosa
- Destination Tuscaloosa Magazine
- map of Tuscaloosa County at Alabama Maps (University of Alabama)
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Brookwood | Coaling | Coker | Lake View | Northport | Tuscaloosa (seat) | Vance