Watts Building (1888)
The first Watts Building was a richly ornamented four-story Second-Empire style commercial building on the northwest corner of 3rd Avenue North and 20th Street in downtown Birmingham. It was constructed for Thomas Watts III by Charles M. Allen and Son in 1888. The building was designed by Charles Wheelock of Wheelock & Wheelock in the Second Empire style, with a rusticated base, grouped windows with brick arches on the second and third floors, and a deep cornice with a mansard roof above.
The Watts Building was home to an unusual number of artists studios and music teachers, along with other professional offices.
Early tenants in the Watts building included Lawson Carpet Co., architect J. W. McClain and the Eubank Brothers' dental parlor. In 1905 chemist Jefferson J. Peek opened his Peek Beverage Company in the Watts Building.
- Room 1: Montgomery & Smith (1907), Smith & Norton real estate (1909)
- Room 2: D. J. Ponceler / Rye-Ola Co. (1907)
- Room 3: Anti-Saloon League (1907)
- Room 4: Gibson & Davis (1907)
- Room 5: W. H. Tharpe & Co. / W. H. Tharpe Realty Co. (1907)
- Room 6: J. H. Parsons (1907)
- Room 7: Carpenters District Council (1907)
- Room 8: Toledo Computing Scale Co. / Rose Tobacco Cure / Quick Unloading Car Chute Co. (1907)
- Room 9: B. F. Yoe / E. R. Rivers (1907)
- Room 10: J. J. McDavid, real estate law (1888)
- Room 11: R. A. Jones (1907)
- Room 12: Charles Denegre (1907)
- Room 13: Royal Life & Accident Association (1907)
- Room 14: Laura E. Burton and Irene Bullard, physicians (1906), D. H. Tolman (1907)
- Room 15: J. B. Carr & Co. architects (1904), Breeding & Whilldin architects (1905–1907), H. D. Breeding (1925)
- Room 16: YWCA (1907)
- Room 22: Abbie Murphy (1907)
- Room 23: Norma Schoolar (1907)
- Room 24: Lucile Douglas artist (1904), Mrs M. E. Raulston (1907), D'Agostino School of Music (1925)
- Room 25: A. C. Tarrant artist (1904), Union Educator & Diversified Farmer (1907)
- Room 26: C. W. Morgan artist (1904), Lucile Douglas / Glennie Mosely (1907), T. M. Thomason, violin teacher (1925)
- Room 27: Daisy Rowley (1907)
- Room 28: Alice Rumph artist (1904), Pearl Stewart, violin teacher (1925)
- Room 29: Edna Smith artist (1904–1907)
- Room 30-31: Mrs M. E. Raulston artist (1904)
- North Alabama (Illustrated) (1888) Birmingham: Southern Commercial Publishing Co.
- "Doctor Kills Wife and Self; Dentist Shot." (April 10, 1906) "Birmingham Age-Herald", republished by A. J. Wright, Early Female Physicians of Alabama - accessed June 1, 2006
- Satterfield, Carolyn Green (1976) Historic Sites of Jefferson County, Alabama. Birmingham: Jefferson County Historical Commission/Gray Printing Company
- White, Marjorie Longenecker (1977) Downtown Birmingham: Architectural and Historical Walking Tour Guide. Birmingham: Birmingham Historical Society.