1927

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1927 was the 56th year after the founding of the city of Birmingham.

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1927 was the spring of the great Mississippi flood, covering 27,000 square miles between April 22 and May 5, killing an unknown number of people and forcing the relocation of more than 600,000 from the delta. Australia moved its capital from Melbourne to Canberra. The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences was founded. Andrew Kehoe murdered 38 schoolchildren in Bath Township, Michigan. Ibn Saud established his family's dynasty over the Kingdom of Hejaz and Nejd on the Arabia peninsula. Charles Lindbergh carried out his epic nonstop solo transatlantic flight from New York to Paris. The United States established the Food, Drug, and Insecticide Administration. The Nanchang Uprising gave birth to the Chinese Workers' and Peasants' Red Army. Mount Rushmore park was dedicated, with plans for a monumental carving of four presidential portraits. Joseph Stalin assumed control of the Soviet Communist Party from Leon Trotsky. The Ford Motor Company introduced the Model A. The BBC was granted a royal charter. Despite huge death tolls from earthquakes in China and Japan, the world's population topped 2 billion for the first time.

The top-grossing films of 1927 were "The Jazz Singer," "Wings," "It," (with Clara Bow, the "It girl") and "Love". The German film "Metropolis" came in at number 14. Louis Bromfield's novel, Early Autumn was awarded the Pulitzer and Henri Bergson won the Nobel for literature.

Notables born in 1927 include actors Peter Falk, Eartha Kitt, Gina Lollobrigida, Roger Moore and Sidney Poitier, musicians Antionio Carlos Jobim and Harry Belafonte, Bob "Capt. Kangaroo" Keeshan, comics Harvey Korman and Erma Bombeck, playwright Neil Simon, novelists Robert Ludlum and Gabriel García Márquez, labor activist César Chávez, baseball manager Tommy Lasorda, and Pope Benedict XVI.

Among those who died in 1927 were author Gaston Leroux, architect Hermann Muthesius, accused murderer Lizzie Borden, anarchists Nicola Sacco and Bartolomeo Vanzetti, and dancer Isadora Duncan.

1920s
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