1923

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1923 was the 52nd year after the founding of the city of Birmingham.

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Context

1923 saw the first issue of TIME magazine. Vladimir Lenin resigned from chairmanship of the Soviet government. Yankee Stadium opened its doors. The Irish Civil War ended. Mount Etna erupted. Calvin Coolidge assumed the office of President Warren G. Harding after his death. Tokyo and Yokohama were devastated by an earthquake. Turkey became a republic. The Walt Disney Company was founded. Adolf Hitler failed an attempt to overthrow the German government and Vladimir Zworykin filed the first patent for a color television transmitter/receiver.

People born in 1923 include record producer Sam Phillips; writers Paddy Chayefsky, Italo Calvino, Norman Mailer, and James Dickey; pilots Chuck Yeager and Alan Shephard; television personalities Bob Barker and Ed McMahon; photographer Diane Arbus; mime Marcel Marceau; actor Charleton Heston; model Bettie Page; guitarist Albert King; coach Ara Parseghian; diplomat Henry Kissinger; boxer Rocky Marciano and singer Hank Williams.

1923 deaths included those of President Warren Harding; actors Wallace Reid and Sarah Bernhardt; physicist Wilhelm Roentgen, revolutionary Pancho Villa; and engineer Gustave Eiffel.

William Yeats won the 1923 Nobel Prize for literature. Le Corbusier published his Vers une architecture. Buster Keaton's feature film "Our Hospitality" was released. Tarzan and the Golden Lion by Edgar Rice Burroughs and The House at Pooh Corner by A. A. Milne were published. Louis Armstrong, Bessie Smith and Jelly Roll Morton made their first recordings. The Canton Bulldogs won the NFL championship. The Yankees defeated the Giants in the World Series. Bobby Jones won the U. S. Open and "Zev" won the Kentucky Derby and Belmont Stakes.

1920s
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