1822

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1822 was 49 years before the founding of the City of Birmingham and three years after Alabama became a state.

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In 1822, Charles Babbage proposed a Difference engine. Brazil declared its independence from Portugal. Egyptian hieroglyphs were deciphered by Thomas Young and Jean-François Champollion, using the Rosetta Stone. The American Colonization Society established Liberia in Africa as a place for freed slaves.

Notable births in 1822 included physicist Rudolf Clausius, archeologist Heinrich Schliemann, naval officer and explorer Edward Fitzgerald Beale, eugenicist and meteorologist Francis Galton, landscape architect Frederick Law Olmsted, President Ulysses S. Grant, geneticist Gregor Mendel, President Rutherford B. Hayes, and microbiologist Louis Pasteur. Notable deaths included Ali Pasha of Tepelena, banker Thomas Coutts, author E. T. A. Hoffmann, poet Percy Bysshe Shelley, foreign secretary Lord Castlereagh (suicide), and astronomer William Herschel.

1820s
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