1869

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1869 was two years before the founding of the City of Birmingham and 50 years after Alabama first became a state.

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In 1869, Ulysses S. Grant became president of the U.S. The American Museum of Natural History was founded in New York. Purdue University was founded. Susan B. Anthony and Elizabeth Cady Stanton formed the National Woman's Suffrage Association. The first issue of the scientific journal Nature was published. The first game of football between two American colleges was played. The Suez Canal opened.

Notable books published in 1869 included Good Wives by Louisa May Alcott, Lorna Doone by R. D. Blackmore, War and Peace by Leo Tolstoy, and Innocents Abroad by Mark Twain.

Notable births in 1869 included mystic Grigori Rasputin, British Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain, political leader Mahatma Gandhi, football coach John Heisman, and painter Henri Matisse. Notable deaths included those of composer Carl Loewe, explorer Charles Sturt, engineer John A. Roebling, lexicographer Peter Mark Roget, and former president Franklin Pierce.

1860s
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