Parker High School
|A. H. Parker High School|
|Birmingham City Schools|
|Location||900 4th St. N., (map)|
|Colors||purple & gold|
A. H. Parker High School is a secondary school in Birmingham named after A. H. Parker, a long-time Birmingham educator, and located at 900 4th Street North in the Smithfield Community. The school was first named Negro High School and later became Industrial High School before being named in Parker's honor.
The school first opened as a high school for black children in the fall of 1900 with its freshmen class of 19 students and one teacher, Mr Parker, housed on the second floor of Cameron Elementary School on Southside. Superintendent John Phillips' permission to allow high school classes for African Americans was initially dependent on the project supporting itself financially, so students were required to pay $1.50 per month for tuition.
In September 1910 the school moved to a new location called the Lane Auditorium and began offering skills for women such as sewing, knitting, and child care. By that time the enrollment was about 100 students. In 1920 the negotiations for the final location for the school were done. In spring of 1923 construction of a new building began. By 1929 the school had an industrial building, a library and a gymnasium.
The school continued to grow steadily to 3,761 students in 1946. Because of that large number, the school soon became known as the largest high school for Negroes in the world. In 1953, the school was accredited by the Southern Association of Colleges, an accreditation it has kept ever since.
Construction of a new gymnasium was completed in 2006. In February 2007 the board announced that Parker High School would be one of the schools rebuilt using the city's $331 million share of the $1.1 billion Jefferson County School Construction Fund. The board's plan to spend $35 million on the new school, which would be constructed without its own athletic stadium, has drawn criticism from several alumni who said that the proposed budget was far less than adequate. Plans to demolish the sole remaining historic building on campus, a two-story classroom wing built in 1927 and torn down in 2011, also drew opposition.
In 2008 members of the A. H. Parker High School Foundation criticized Principal Joseph Martin's performance, citing mismanagement, declining academics and poor leadership. Martin disputed those charges and said that academic performance was improving.
In 2011, Parker became the home of the city's "Academy of Urban Educators" under Superintendent Craig Witherspoon's plan to establish career academies in the city's high schools. The new school building, designed for 1,200 students, was dedicated on August 10 of that year.
Under the guidelines of the Alabama Accountability Act of 2015 Parker High School was designated as a "failing" school by the Alabama Department of Education in 2016, 2017 and 2018. It did not appear on the 2019 list.
- A. H. Parker, 1904-1939
- William Johnson, 1939-1947
- Robert Johnson, 1947-1969
- Edward Thompson, 1969-1989
- Lovie Hayden (interim), January-June 1989
- Eddie Dansby, Jr, 1989-1998
- Raymond Reddick, 1998-2002
- Joseph Martin, 2002-2009
- Spurgeon Banyard, 2009-2010
- Cedric Tatum, 2010-013
- Darrell Hudson, 2013-present
- Oscar Adams Jr, 1940, Alabama Supreme Court justice
- Kamau Afrika, civic leader
- Mable Anderson, psychology professor and environmental activist
- David Barnes, former Birmingham Municipal Court judge, State Representative and dead of Miles College School of Law
- William Bell, Current Mayor of Birmingham, former Birmingham City Council member and Jefferson County Commission member
- Orzell Billingsley, attorney and Civil Rights activist
- Annie Jo Edwards, 1966, actress and singer
- Odessa Edwards, founding member of the Gospel Harmonettes
- Bessie Estell, educator and Birmingham City Council member
- Nell Carter, 1968, singer and actress
- Wilson Driver, jazz drummer
- Betty Gamble, Fairfield police chief
- Evelyn Hardy, founding member of the Gospel Harmonettes
- Ethel Harper, singer and actress
- Lola Hendricks, corresponding secretary for the ACMHR.
- Haywood Henry, jazz saxophonist
- Fred Horn, 1943, state senator
- Randall Horton, 1979, poet and author
- Bernard Kincaid, former Mayor of Birmingham
- Larry Langford, 1965, former Jefferson County Commission president and Mayor of Birmingham
- Clarence Lewis, 1954, soul singer
- Mildred Miller, founding member of the Gospel Harmonettes
- Avery Parrish, jazz musician
- George Perdue, former State Representative
- John Porter, pastor of 6th Avenue Baptist Church and State Representative
- Alma Johnson Powell, 1954, wife of Secretary of State Colin Powell
- John Rhoden, artist
- Roderick Royal, current Birmingham City Council member
- Sun Ra, jazz musician
- Walter Sharpe, basketball player
- Arthur Shores, attorney, Birmingham City Council member
- Willie Scoggins, basketball coach
- Dannetta K. Thornton Owens, Birmingham Board of Education
- Lewis White, radio personality and educator
- Malachi Wilkerson (1904), choir director
- Calvin Woods, Baptist minister and Civil Rights leader
- Odessa Woolfolk, educator and public policy professional
- Parker, A. H. (1933) A Dream That Came True: Autobiography of Arthur Harold Parker. Birmingham: Industrial High School Press. - accessed through the Birmingham Public Library Digital Collections on January 4, 2007.
- Camp, Mrs. Claudette, John T. Cargill, Jr., and Zackary Sims. A. H. Parker History Page. A. H. Parker High School United Alumni Association. Accessed January 5, 2007.
- Singleton, William C. III (August 15, 2007) "Alumni want more funds for new school." The Birmingham News
- Stock, Erin (June 26, 2008) "Parker principal defends leadership, says school has improved." The Birmingham News
- Ruisi, Anne (August 9, 2011) "Birmingham's old Parker High at least temporarily escapes demolishion." [sic] The Birmingham News
- Stewart, Shelley (October 2, 2011) "Parker inspired its students to walk on." The Birmingham News
- Phillips, Ryan (February 11, 2016) "Birmingham City Schools see staggering number of failing schools." Birmingham Business Journal
| Birmingham High Schools|