1871

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An engraving of the Relay House

1871 was the year the City of Birmingham was founded.

Events

Robert Henley, Birmingham's first mayor

Business

Individuals

Births

Richard McNally, first boy born in Birmingham
Miss Fancy

Deaths

Graduations

Works

Buildings

Context

In 1871, the member-states of the North German Federation and the south German states united into a single nation-state known as the German Empire. The King of Prussia was declared the first German Emperor as Wilhelm I of Germany. The first U.S. Surgeon General was appointed. The Royal Albert Hall was opened by Queen Victoria. The Great Chicago Fire left 90,000 homeless. Henry Morton Stanley located the missing explorer and missionary Dr. David Livingstone, greeting him by saying "Dr. Livingstone, I presume?"

Notable books published in 1871 included Little Men by Louisa May Alcott, Through the Looking-Glass by Lewis Carroll, and The Descent of Man by Charles Darwin.

Notable births in 1871 included writer Marcel Proust, aviation pioneer Orville Wright, cartoonist Winsor McCay, Secretary of State Cordell Hull, baseball player Buck Freeman, writer Stephen Crane, and baseball player Joe Kelley. Notable deaths included mathematician Augustus De Morgan, astronomer John Herschel, and inventor Charles Babbage.

1870s
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