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1875 was the fourth year after the founding of the city of Birmingham.



Logotype used by the Shelby Iron Company in 1875


Carrie Hill




Ninian Tannehill





In 1875, Kwang-su became emperor of China. Bizet’s Carmen was first performed at the Opéra Comique, Paris. The first organized indoor game of ice hockey was played between in Montreal, Canada. Aristides won the first Kentucky Derby. Captain Matthew Webb became the first person to swim the English Channel. Brigham Young University was founded in Provo, Utah. The first performance of the Piano Concerto No. 1 by Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky was given.

Notable books published in 1875 included Eight Cousins by Louisa May Alcott, Beauchamp's Career by George Meredith, and The Way We Live Now by Anthony Trollope . Notable music composed in 1875 included "I'll Take You Home Again, Kathleen" by Thomas P. Westendorf, String Quartet No. 3 by Johannes Brahms, Serenade for Strings by Antonín Dvořák, and Piano Concerto No. 4 by Camille Saint-Saëns.

Notable births in 1875 included physician, philosopher, and musician Albert Schweitzer, film director D. W. Griffith, composer Maurice Ravel, automobile pioneer Walter Chrysler, boxer James J. Jeffries, pilot Harriet Quimby, automobile industrialist Alfred P. Sloan, writer Thomas Mann, psychiatrist Carl Jung, composer Samuel Coleridge-Taylor, author Edgar Rice Burroughs, occultist Aleister Crowley, chemist Gilbert N. Lewis, and military leader Arthur Currie. Notable deaths included painter Jean-François Millet, geologist Charles Lyell, the 12th Dalai Lama, composer Georges Bizet, sculptor Antoine-Louis Barye, Confederate General George Pickett, former president Andrew Johnson, writer Hans Christian Andersen, writer Aleksey Konstantinovich Tolstoy, and golfer Young Tom Morris.

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