1940

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1940, a leap year, was the 69th year after the founding of the city of Birmingham.

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See also: List of Birmingham homicides in 1940

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Context

In 1940, the world was on the brink of full-scale world war. The war had been raging in Europe for two years. America was mobilizing. Franklin D. Roosevelt was elected to an unprecedented third term as president. In the summer of 1940, Hitler dominated Europe from the North Cape to the Pyrenees. His one remaining active enemy; Britain, under a new prime minister, Winston Churchill; vowed to continue fighting. Italy declared war on France and Britain on June 10. On June 17, Marshal Henri Philippe Pétain, a World War I hero who had become premier the day before, asked for an armistice. The armistice was signed on June 25 on terms that gave Germany control of northern France and the Atlantic coast.

  • The Grapes of Wrath by John Steinbeck won the Pulitzer Prize for novels
  • The Time of Your Life by William Saroyan won the Pulitzer for drama
  • Abraham Lincoln: The War Years by Carl Sandburg won the Pulitzer for history
1940s
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