1941

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1941 was the 70th year after the founding of the city of Birmingham.

Events

Business

Establishments

Disestablishments

Government

Religion

Sports

Works

Books

Buildings

Bessemer City Hall

Demolitions

Music

Film

Individuals

Births

Way Bandy
Marty Eagle

Graduations

Marriages

Divorces

Retirements

Awards

Deaths

Julius Ellsberry
See also: List of homicides in 1941

Context

In his third inaugural address, President Franklin Roosevelt elaborated "Four Freedoms" (freedom of speech, freedom of worship, freedom from want and freedom from fear) as fundamental human rights. The US passed the Lend-Lease Act to provide material aid to the United Kingdom and China. Germany and its allies invaded the Soviet Union and Hitler authorized a "final solution" to murder all Jews and other "undesirable" individuals in territories under his control. Charles Lindbergh's involvement in the isolationist America First Committee made him increasingly unpopular.

On December 7, 1941 Japan attacked a U.S. Naval base at Pearl Harbor. President Roosevelt addressed Congress, saying that the attack was "a date which will live in infamy." Congress voted to declare war against the Empire of Japan. Soon later the Axis powers declared war against the United States, involving the nation in the European and Pacific theaters of war.

During 1941, Glenn Seaborg first isolated the element plutonium. The National Gallery in Washington D.C. was dedicated. General Mills introduced "Cheerioats" breakfast cereal. Joe DiMaggio maintained a 56-game hitting streak between May and July. Walt Disney's animation department went on strike. The first commercial television broadcasts aired in New York City. Willys produced the first general purpose military vehicle, later known as a "Jeep". The first of H. A. Rey's "Curious George" books were published. Robert Frost was awarded the Robert Frost Medal for distinguished lifetime service to American poetry. A major hurricane struck the Texas Gulf Coast. North Dakota's "Mount Rushmore" monument was completed. Joe Louis reigned as heavyweight champion in boxing and Whirlaway won the triple crown of horse racing.

Notable people born in 1941 include actors Beau Bridges, Faye Dunaway and Nick Nolte; architect Todao Ando; athletes Pete Rose; authors Anne Rice and Anne Tyler; television personalities Martha Stewart and Chuck Woolery; musicians Joan Baez, Neil Diamond, Bob Dylan, Aaron Neville, Paul Simon, and Otis Redding; political leaders Dick Cheney, Kim Jong-Il, Slobodan Milošević, and Bernie Sanders; and sculptor Dale Chihuly. Notable deaths in 1941 include those of architect El Lissitzky; baseball player Lou Gehrig; authors James Joyce and Virginia Woolf; philosopher Henri Bergson; musician Jelly Roll Morton; Scouting founder Robert Baden-Powell; sculptor Gutzon Borglum; Supreme Court justice Louis Brandeis; German Emperor Kaiser Wilhelm II, and King Alfonso XIII of Spain.

Notable films of 1941 included Citizen Kane, How Green Was My Valley, The Maltese Falcon, and Dumbo.


1940s
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